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M One of the fundamental measurements
- Needed in telecommunications,
spectroscopy, industry,
characterization of light
sources(natural, superficial)...
- Light is widely used in physics, so
accurate measurements are needed to
verify theories.

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M To measure power of laser by sensing the
laser beam.
M The power to be measured is high around
20w.
M ecause of high power, calibration is needed.
M or calibration the compensating circuit is
needed.

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M £sing Photodiode
M £sing two temperature dependent
resistance wire
M £sing liquid crystal
M £sing absorber mass and temperature
sensor

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M Laser beam incident on hot junction of absorber.

M Absorber temperature changes with laser power.

M Voltage difference is from hot JN and cold JN of


absorber.

M ADC converts this analog voltage to digital.

M Calculations are performed by the controller and the


result is displayed on the LCD by controller.

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M Absorber
M ADC
M Microcontroller
M LCD
M Keypad


M This module works according to Peltier effect.
M Peltier effect is that a voltage, is created in the presence
of a temperature difference between two different metals
or semiconductors.
M Convert waste heat into electricity.
M It is light, small and flexible.
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M Max Hot junction temperature = 2Œ0¶c

M Reverse implement may fail the module.

M Max cold temperature(1Œ0¶c) if exceeded fails the module.

M Size: 40 x 40 mm
M Open circuit voltage for both JN at room temperature = 4.V.
M Internal resistance = 3 ohm
M Load resistance = 2. ohm

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M It converts waste heat into electricity.
M There is no requirement to move the parts.
M There is no noise and is free of maintenance.
M It is light and small.
M Heat of the laser power can be easily
converted into electricity.

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M 0C51 central processing unit
M 5V operating voltage from 0 to 40 MHZ
M Œ4 K of on chip program flash memory with
ISP and IAP
M Supports 12-clock (default) or Œ-clock mode
selection via software or ISP
M SPI (serial peripheral interface)
M Three 1Πbit timer/counter
M Second DPTR register
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M Master or slave operation
M 10 MHZ bit frequency
M LS first or MS first data transfer
M 4 programmable bit rates
M End of transmission(SPI)

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M The serial peripheral interface allows high-speed
synchronous data transfer between the P]V51RD2
and peripheral devices.
M SPCR ± SPI control register.
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M The SPI clock generator will start following a write


to the master devices SPI data register.
M After complete transmission of 1 byte of data SPI
clock generator is stopped and SPI flag is set.

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M 12 bit resolution.
M 4 channel input.
M Analog input programmable as single-ended
pseudo differential pairs.
M SPI serial interface.
M Single supply operation 2.èV ± 5.5V.
M Industrial temp. range: -40 to +5 degree
celsius.


TIMING DIAGRAM


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M P]V51RD2 is loaded through serial
communication with pc.

M Data transmit and receive is through


Rxd & Txd terminals of p]v51rd2.

M RS-232 cable is used for serial communication

M MAX 232 driver IC to supply voltage levels.

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