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14/10/2009

‘Filsan – Hope In The


Future’ is the Kenya
Affiliate of SATG

Presented To: SSS-


FSEDC
Overview
Overview

• About SATG
 Goals
 Mission
 Membership
Overview

• About SATG • Activities


 Goals  Agriculture
 Mission  Livestock
 Membership  Environment
Overview

• About SATG • Activities • Others


 Goals  Agriculture  Training
 Mission  Livestock  Documentation
 Membership  Environment  Networking
 Advisory
About SATG
About SATG
• A registered non-profit
association of Somali
professionals and friends
of the country

• Dedicated to assisting in
the reconstruction of
Somalia and its
agricultural heritage
About SATG
Membership
Multidisciplinary team consisting of
highly qualified and experienced
professionals
 Crop improvement and biotechnology
 Crop production and soil management
 Crop protection
 Farming systems and technology transfer
 Water resource management
 Animal and food science
 Livestock, environment and agro-forestry
SATG Mission

• To strive for peace


and prosperity
through
sustainable
agricultural
development
SATG Goals
• Conservation: To
safeguard the
institutional memory of
Somali agriculture,
particularly in times of
statelessness or civil
strife.

• Development: To
assist agricultural
communities to access
appropriate and
affordable agricultural
technologies.
SATG Goals
• Education and Research:
To assist in re-establishing
and sustaining agricultural
education and research
centres.

• Networking: To co-operate
with international, regional,
national and local
communities in the
sustainable development of
Somali agriculture and
conservation of the natural
resource base.
Activities
Activities
Agriculture
I. Identification of
Phosphorous (P) as
the single most
important factor
limiting crop
production in
dryland agriculture
of the Bay Region
Activities
Agriculture
Production Constraints: Phosphorous Deficiency
1200

1000 Gu1986-Sorghum 91%


a
58%
Grain Yield (kg/ha)

800
a
600

400

200
b b
b
0
Control 50N 100N N+P N+P
Activities
Agriculture
Production Constraints: Phosphorous Deficiency

800 Gu1986-Sorghum 424% a


Grain Yield (kg/ha)

600

400
147%
200 c

0 d
Control
d 50N 100N N+P
d N+P
Activities
Agriculture
Why P is not available to plants in the Bay Region soils?

High Soil pH

8.0-8.3
Activities
Agriculture
Relationship between soil pH and P availability
Activities
Agriculture
II. Filsan seed
multiplication and
repatriation

Characteristics
 Early maturity
 High yield
Activities
Agriculture
III. Sustainable
utilisation for
plant genetic
resources in
Somalia
Activities
Agriculture
Some tips about Plant Genetic Resources
(seed):
• Landrace vs. variety vs. hybrid vs. GM
• Phenology: Vegetative and reproductive growth
• Genetic potentiality
• Response to the environmental condition (drought
tolerant)
• Resistance to diseases
• Response to harvest and post harvest conditions
• Cooking qualities
• Market value
Activities
Agriculture
IV. Post harvest and grain
storage losses

IV. Aflatoxin
contamination of
stored grain sorghum
Activities
Livestock
I. Challenges and
opportunities for the
Somali livestock industry

Challenges
 Trade embargoes

Opportunities
 Natural habitat feeding free
from GM feeds
 Halaal livestock products
 Organic meat produce
Activities
Environment
I. Causes, limitations
and strategies for
possible
interventions on
deforestation and
charcoal export
Activities
Others
Training
Training of Trainers
 Seed intervention
 Trials and demo plots
 IPM
 Crop management practices
 Post harvest and storage losses
Activities
Others
Documentation
 Historic information on P
 Filsan
 Plant genetic resources
 Seed industry
 Crop management practices
 Deforestation and charcoal export
 Livestock
Activities
Others
Networking of agriculture professionals

SATG is open and dedicated to expanding


its network of practitioners and
professionals devoted to the building of
sustainable agriculture in Somalia
Activities
Others
Advisory

SATG provides technical assistance on


various fields of agriculture to international
and local NGO operating in Somalia as well
as to academic institutions
Activities
Others
Reflection on the past to plan for a better
 future
In order to plot a path to where we are going we
need to know where we are coming from.

 In our mission to improve agricultural production


and enhance Somalia’s food security we do reflect
on the past to plan for a better future.
Thanks

“The future belongs to those who plan


today”