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Civil Rights Movement

Destiny Kneram
Civil Rights Movement
Because large segments of the
populace particularly African
Americans, women, and men with
property have not always been
accorded full citzenship rights in the
American Republic.
The most important achievements of
African American civil rights
movements have been the post civil
war constitutional amenments that
abolished slavery and established the
citizenship status of blacks.
American Civil Rights Movement

The initial phase of the black protest activity in the post-Brown period began
on December 1, 1955. Rosa Parks of Montgomery, Alabama, refused to give up
her seat to a white bus rider, thereby defying a southern custom that required
blacks to give seats toward the front of buses to whites.
When she was jailed, a black community boycott of the citys buses began. The
boycott lasted more than a year, demonstrating the unity and determination of
black residents and inspiring blacks elsewhere.
The Civil Rights Movement: Major
Events and Legacies

From the earliest years of European settlement in North

America, whites enslaved and oppressed black people.
Although the Civil War finally brought about the abolition
of slavery, a harsh system of white supremacy persisted
In the early twentieth century, African Americans in the
South and in many parts of nearby border states were
banned from associating with whites in a host of
institutions and public accommodationsschools,
hospitals, old folks homes, rest rooms, waiting rooms,
railroad cars, hotels, restaurants, lunch counters, parks
and beaches, swimming pools, libraries, concert halls,
and movie theaters.
Some recreational areas posted signs, Negroes and Dogs
Not Allowed.
Civil Rights Act of 1964

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is the nation's premier civil

rights legislation. The Act outlawed discrimination on
the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national
origin, required equal access to public places and
employment, and enforced desegregation of schools
and the right to vote. It did not end discrimination,
but it did open the door to further progress.

Although the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments

outlawed slavery, provided for equal protection under
the law, guaranteed citizenship, and protected the
right to vote, individual states continued to allow
unfair treatment of minorities and passed Jim Crow
laws allowing segregation of public facilities.

The Civil Rights Act signed into law in April 1968

popularly known as the Fair Housing Actprohibited
discrimination concerning the sale, rental and
financing of housing based on race, religion,
national origin and sex.
Intended as a follow-up to the Civil Rights Act of
1964, the bill was the subject of a contentious
debate in the Senate, but was passed quickly by the
House of Representatives in the days after the
assassination of civil rights leader Martin Luther King
The act stands as the final great legislative
achievement of the civil rights era.