Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 19

ERP And Enterprise

Architecture
Presented by
08-SE-10
08-SE-62
What is an ERP System?
An ERP system is generally a term used to
describe a set of applications that unify
database input, processing and retrieval as
well as multiple other business functions
across a wide array of business units.
Operations managers often choose to
implement a system of ERP apps when they
want to standardize processes and streamline
functionality across many varying
departments within an enterprise.
ERP Applications
Are most commonly deployed in a distributed and
often widely dispersed manner.
While the servers may be centralized, the clients are
usually spread to multiple locations throughout the
enterprise.
ERP Applications generally have three functional
areas of responsibilities:
The centralized database- central repository.
the clients - here raw data gets inputted, requests for
information are submitted.
application component that acts as the intermediate
between the client and the database.
Enterprise Architecture
The process of translating
business vision and
strategy into effective
enterprise change by
creating, communicating
and improving key
requirements, principles
and models that describe
the enterprises future
state and enable its
evolution.
ERP Architectures
Two most commonly employed architectures
are :
Two-tier Architecture.
Three-tier Client/Server Implementation
Architecture.
Two-tier Implementations
The server handles both application and
database duties.
The clients are responsible for presenting the
data and passing user input back to the
server.
This distribution of processing responsibilities
remains the same even in the presence of
multiple servers.
Two-tier ERP Architecture
Three-tier Client/Server implementation Architecture

the database and application functions are


separated.
This is very typical of large production ERP
deployments.
satisfying client requests requires two or more
network connections.
the client establishes communications with
the application server which then creates a
second connection to the database server.
Three-tier Client/Server
Implementation
Architecture
Enterprise Architecture and ERP

EA ERP
Enterprise
Enterprise
Resource
Architecture
Planning
Developing the Right Perspective is Critical!

Shared Targeted
Interest Interest

ERP
Enterprise Informed by
perspective EA Enterprise
EA
Rich Reqts
Migration path Enterprise
to move Resource Stake
toward target Architecture
Planning Holders
architectures
Implement
Consistent EA Bulletproof
methodology
statewide
What is the compelling business need
for Enterprise Architecture?
Business: Value to the Business
Facilitates business transformation throughout the enterprise.
Formalizes and captures knowledge about the business that
helps identify new opportunities and clarify existing gaps.
Provides a set of guidelines, standards, and blueprints that can
be used to acquire, build and deploy business solutions.

Technology: Value to the IT Organization


Makes new initiatives easier to manage because they are

designed and implemented according to architecture


guidelines.
Delivers a more manageable, agile IT environment.

Aligns IT initiatives to business imperatives so that business

benefits justify the costs.


Allows IT to stay ahead of the curve with respect to the

underlying technologies and infrastructure to support business


applications.
Integrated System ERP Program
Integrated System

Enterprise Application Interfaces


Legacy
Core ERP Application
Finance

HRIS Legacy
Application

Procurement
Legacy
Application

Authoritative
Data Source
Traditional View & Transitional
View
Transformational View
Impressions:

Separation of Business and IT domains

Work Activities and Information are the domain of the business

App, Data and Technology are the domain of IT

Business Activities drive the Application Architecture

Business Information drives the Data Architecture

Technology Architecture directly enables data and applications (not


business process/function and information)
Conclusion: ERP
Architecture
Click ico
n to add
picture