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Industrial safety is primarily a

management activity which is

concerned with
Eliminating hazards from the industries
or industrial units.
Significance of Industrial Safety

Industrial causes a great loss to both the

Employer & Employee, thats it is having
Cost of compensation
Cost of medical-aid
Cost of training a new worker
Cost of the lost time
Cost of investigation
Cost of supervision & inspections
Cost to the Govt. in terms of factory
inspectors, & public health services

Cost of spoilage of materials

Cost of the damage of machinery
Cost of wages payable during injury
Cost of loss of morale; &
Cost of loss to the worker and his family
To prevent accidents in the plant by reducing the hazard to minimum.

To eliminate accident caused work stoppage and lost production.

To achieve lower workmens compensation, insurance rates and reduce

all other direct and indirect costs of accidents.

To prevent loss of life, permanent disability and the loss of income of

worker by eliminating causes of accidents.
To evaluate employees morale by promoting safe work place and good
working condition

To educate all members of the organization in continuous state of safety

mindless and to make supervision competent and intensely safety
Measurement & Records of
Two main ratios used to measure accidents are
1. Accident Frequency Rate
2. Accident Severity Rate

AFC = No. of injuries * 10,00,000/ Total no.

of man hours worked

ASR = no. of man day lost * 10,00,000/Total

no. of man hours worked
Causes of Industrial Accidents
1. Unsafe conditions
a. The job itself
b. Work schedules
c. Psychological conditions
d. Machinery & Equipment

2. Unsafe Acts

3. Miscellaneous Causes
1. Safety Policy
2. Safety
Measures ensure Industrial Safety
3. Safety Engineering
a. Guarding of machinery
b. Material handling equipment
c. Safety devices
d. Ergonomics
e. Plan maintenance
f. General house keeping

4. Safety Education & Training

5. Role of Government
Engineering: i.e. safety at the design, equipment installation

Education: i.e. education of employees in safe practices.

Enlistment: i.e. it concerns the attitude of the employees and

management towards the programmed and its purpose. This
necessary arose the interest of employees in accident
prevention and safety consciousness.

Encouragement: i.e. to enforce adherence to safe rules and

Safety audit
A safety audit subjects each area of a companys activity to a
systematic critical examination with the object of minimizing

Safety survey-
A safety survey is a detailed examination in depth of a narrower
field of activity.

Safety inspection-
A routine scheduled inspection of a unit or department, which
may be
carried out by someone ( may be a safety representative ) from
within the unit, possibly
accompanied by the safety advisor. The inspection would check
maintenance standards,
21 - Fencing of machinery
22 - Work on or near machinery in motion
23 - Employment of young persons on dangerous
24 - Striking gear and devices for cutting off power
25 - Self-acting machines
26 - Casing of new machinery
27 - Prohibition of employment of women and children
near cotton-openers
28 - Hoists and lifts
29 - Lifting machines, chains, ropes and lifting tackles
30 - Revolving machinery
31 - Pressure plant
32 - Floors, stairs and means of access
33 - Pits, sumps openings in floors, etc
34 - Excessive weights
35 - Protection of eyes.
36 - Precautions against dangerous fumes, gases
36A - Precautions regarding the use of portable electric light.
37 - Explosive or inflammable dust, gas, etc
38 - Precautions in case of fire
39 - Power to require specifications of defective parts or tests
of stability
40 - Safety of buildings and machinery
40A - Maintenance of buildings
40B - Safety Officers
41 - Power to make rules to supplement this Chapter
Stipulate a national minimum wage to give people dignity.

Institute a comprehensive social security legislation

covering unemployment, health insurance, old age
pension, disability and regulation of employment for all

Ensure gainful rehabilitation in terms of alternate land,

livelihood, shelter, and all basic necessities concerning
health, education and connectivity for all people displaced
by development projects, closures, lockouts, relocation,
man-made and natural disaster.
Institute employment guarantee for urban and rural areas
throughout the year with separate cards for women and
for all adults who demand employment.

Introduce special programs to impart training and

entrepreneurial skills, capital and credit facilities without
collateral and market support to women-headed
households and all women.

Enforce existing labour laws in special economic zones,

export promotion zones and free trade zones.

Ensure full-time wage work for poor women and skill and
entrepreneurship training for self employed women.
Govt. schemes for women must ensure equal pay even if the task
are not same.

Crches must be provided for all womens.

Minimum wages for women in the informal sector and domestic


Equal wages and occupational safety for women construction


Work related schemes should be based on market trends.

All workers in all sectors should be given identity cards.