Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 35

12Principlesof

ComputerAnimation
AmyGooch
AA3:Animation



Copyright "Illusion of Life: Disney Animation" by Ollie Frank/Johnson Thomas
12PrinciplesofAnimation
CreatedbyDisneyStudiosin1930s
SnowWhite(1937)
Pinocchio&Fantastia(1940)
Dumbo(1941)
Bambi(1942)


Reallyabout
Performance
DirectingPerformance
Representingreality
Interpretingrealworldphysics
Editingsequenceofactions


Squashandstretch


Copyright "Illusion of Life: Disney Animation" by Ollie Frank/Johnson Thomas
Squashandstretch

QuickTime and a
Cinepak decompressor
are needed to see this picture.

QuickTime and a
Cinepak decompressor
are needed to see this picture.


Copyright "Illusion of Life: Disney Animation" by Ollie Frank/Johnson Thomas Copyright 1999 Michael B. Comet All Rights Reserved.
Anticipation

QuickTime and a
Cinepak decompressor
are needed to see this picture.

Top:movesimply

Bottom:anticipates
motionbefore
moving,broadcasting
whatisaboutto
happen

Copyright "Illusion of Life: Disney Animation" by Ollie Frank/Johnson Thomas Copyright 1999 Michael B. Comet All Rights Reserved.
Anticipation

QuickTime and a
Cinepak decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
BadJump:
noanticipation

GoodJump:
QuickTime and a
Cinepak decompressor
are needed to see this picture.
crouchfirst,
thenjump

Copyright 1999 Michael B. Comet All Rights Reserved.
Staging


Copyright "Illusion of Life: Disney Animation" by Ollie Frank/Johnson Thomas
Staging

BadSilhouette GoodSilhouette

Copyright 1999 Michael B. Comet All Rights Reserved.
TwoAnimation
TechniquesforAction
PosetoPose

Straightahead

(Ex:RyanbyChrisLandreth)

Copyright "Illusion of Life: Disney Animation" by Ollie Frank/Johnson Thomas
Action,pt2
FollowthruAction

OverlappingAction


Copyright "Illusion of Life: Disney Animation" by Ollie Frank/Johnson Thomas
FollowthruAction

Balls
Top:NoFollowthru
QuickTime and a
Cinepak decompressor
are needed to see this picture.

Bottom:Followthru

Arm
QuickTime and a Rotateswithfollowthru
Cinepak decompressor
are needed to see this picture. Handcontinuespaststopposition,
thenfallsbackinplace

Copyright 1999 Michael B. Comet All Rights Reserved.
FollowthruAction

QuickTime and a
Cinepak decompressor
are needed to see this picture.

Watchtheantenas

Copyright 1999 Michael B. Comet All Rights Reserved.
Movement:
SlowinandSlowout

QuickTime and a
Cinepak decompressor
are needed to see this picture.

Theballontheleft Theballinthe
movesata righteasesin/out
constantspeed; atthetop;looks
looksabrupt smootherand
morenatural

Copyright 1999 Michael B. Comet All Rights Reserved.
Movement:
SlowinandSlowout

QuickTime and a QuickTime and a


Cinepak decompressor Cinepak decompressor
are needed to see this picture. are needed to see this picture.

Bad,Noease Good,withease
VeryRobotic Morenatural,fluid


Copyright 1999 Michael B. Comet All Rights Reserved.
Movement:Arcs


Copyright "Illusion of Life: Disney Animation" by Ollie Frank/Johnson Thomas
Arcs

Bad,Linearball Good,Arcball

QuickTime and a QuickTime and a


Cinepak decompressor Cinepak decompressor
are needed to see this picture. are needed to see this picture.


Copyright 1999 Michael B. Comet All Rights Reserved.
Arcs:HeadTurn

Bad,Linear Good,Arc

QuickTime and a QuickTime and a


Cinepak decompressor Cinepak decompressor
are needed to see this picture. are needed to see this picture.


Copyright 1999 Michael B. Comet All Rights Reserved.
SecondaryAction


Copyright "Illusion of Life: Disney Animation" by Ollie Frank/Johnson Thomas
Timing

QuickTime and a QuickTime and a


Video decompressor Video decompressor
are needed to see this picture. are needed to see this picture.


TimingHeadTurn

60Frame 30Frame 5Frame


Lookslikestretch Lookslikenono Lookslikehegothit
no

QuickTime and a QuickTime and a QuickTime and a


Cinepak decompressor Cinepak decompressor Cinepak decompressor
are needed to see this picture. are needed to see this picture. are needed to see this picture.


Copyright 1999 Michael B. Comet All Rights Reserved.
Exaggeration
Bad
QuickTime and a
Cinepak decompressor
are needed to see this picture.

Good
QuickTime and a
Cinepak decompressor
are needed to see this picture.


Copyright 1999 Michael B. Comet All Rights Reserved.
Solidmodelingandrigging
(soliddrawingin1930s)


Copyright "Illusion of Life: Disney Animation" by Ollie Frank/Johnson Thomas
CharacterPersonality


12PrinciplesofAnimation
SquashandStretch
Anticipation
Staging
FollowthruandOverlappingAction
StraightaheadandPosetoPose
SlowinandSlowout
Arcs
SecondaryAction
Timing
Exaggeration
SolidModelingandRigging
CharacterPersonality


Afewmore


VisualStyling


BlendMotion
Cartoonphysics
Realisticcartoon
Realistichuman
Rotoscoping


Cinematography
Lighting
Composition
Squencing


Facialanimation
MoresubtlecontrolsinCG
Decideearlyonlevelofcontrol


Usercontrolledanimation
Gamesallowuserintervention
Builtinanticipation
Branchsmoothlybetweenactionshots



AnimationExamples
Siggraph2004DVD


Credits
http://www.siggraph.org/education/materials/HyperGraph/animation/character_animatio
n/principles/prin_trad_anim.htm
Kerlows Book
Jessica Hodgins Notes
http://www.comet-cartoons.com/toons/3ddocs/charanim/ (animations)