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Pavement Management

Asset Management Systems


What is
Transportation Asset Management?

An ongoing process of maintaining,


upgrading, and operating physical assets
cost effectively, based on a
continuous physical inventory
and condition assessment

Source: Act 499 of the Public Acts of 2002.

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New
New Roof Carpet
$10,000 $4,000

Siding
Replace
Windows $8,000
$5,000

New
Furnace Landscaping

$8,000 $3,000
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Asset management for a car

New Car

Regular oil changes,

Flush radiator

Wash/wax regularly

Repair paint chips

Change belts,

Change transmission fluid

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Asset management for a car

Aging Car

Charge AC

Repaint

Engine overhaul

New tires

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Asset management for a car

Old Car

Only critical maintenance

Only critical repair

Not worried about auxiliary features that fail

Keep it running until it can be replaced - minimize cost


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Not worried about scratches on this one!

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Innovative Repair Strategies

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Pavement Management

Nuts and Bolts of Asset Management


Managing Physical Assets

Features of an Asset Management System

1.Inventory
2.Condition Measure
3.Prediction of Future Condition
4.Tools / Metrics for Managing Network
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Inventory What do I own?

You cant manage what you dont know you own

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Inventory What do I own?

Need data on any feature that influences:

Cost to Replace or Maintain


Maintenance or Rehab Treatment Options
Influences Management Decisions
Service Life

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Inventory Basics

Pavement Type
Asphalt
Concrete
Sealcoat
Composite
How many lane miles of each?
How wide are the lanes?
Where are they? Map
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Inventory Others

What types of roads are they? functional class


Maintenance history
Funding qualification
Curb types
Shoulder type and width
Presence of other utilities and general condition
Confining structures (overpass)
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Condition What Shape is it In?

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Condition Picking A System

Sustainable
Can I afford to collect the data?
Can my staff collect that data or do I have to hire it out?
Can I collect enough data to give me suitable information?

Be descriptive about the asset


Can I make decisions about the asset from the rating?
Can it be understood by staff?
Can I explain it to public and elected officials?
Is the level of data appropriate?

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Condition Rating Types of Systems

Ordered State Ratings


Set of criteria which describe a set of discrete, ordered states.

Professional observer judges state and assigns rating.

Usually most cost effective system

Most subject to variability by rater

PASER Pavement Surface Evaluation and Rating

Maintenance State Good Fair Poor

MDOT Sufficiency Rating System


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Condition Rating Types of Systems
Index System
Set of criteria which relates physical measurements of distress
extent and observer opinion of severity to a numeric rating.

Criteria numerically relate distresses to each other.

Usually requires sampling and reliance on statistics to apply over


large network

Index levels may not be discrete

Record of distress propagation

PCI Pavement Condition Index (Micropaver)

MDOT Distress Index

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Index Rating

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Condition Rating Types of Systems

Measurements of physical aspects


Rutting
Roughness
Skid resistance
FWD data (pavement rigidity)
Crack frequency

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Why Rate Roads?

Anticipate treatment windows When to do things

Condition measure What things to do

Measure of adequacy How did that treatment/design work?

Measure of network change - Are things getting better or worse?

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Prediction What Shape WILL it be in?

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Predicting the Future Condition

Past experience / Professional opinion

Rules of thumb

Traffic Volume

Model historical rating data

Forward Looking Models

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Predicting the Future

Rules of thumb
New asphalt pavement last 14 years

5 years after rehab or 2 years after overlay need a crack seal

8 years after resurfacing need seal coat

Overlays last 6 years

Concerns

No calibration

Assumptions are sensitive to error

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Predicting the Future

Traffic Volume
Design ESALS

Use traffic counts as measure of remaining service life

Concerns

Assumes construction reflects design

Hard to calibrate to meaningful intervals

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Modeling Historical Data

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Modeling Historical Data

Constrained polynomial
Fit progressively higher order polynomials

Constrain so fit line does not have positive slope

Curve Form Fitting


Makes assumptions about general form

Fits curve family to data points

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Early Estimation - Prescriptive

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9
8
PASER RATING

7
6
5
4
3
2
1

1 5 10 15 20 25 30
Years Since Construction
Modeling Curve Form Fitting

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9
8
PASER RATING

7
6
5
4
3
2
1

1 5 10 15 20 25 30
Years Since Construction
Polynomial Fitting

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9
8
PASER RATING

7
6
5
4
3
2
1

1 5 10 15 20 25 30
Years Since Construction
Network Management Tools
Getting Asset Where You Want It To Be

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Network Level Vs. Project Level

Project: Moving pieces

Network: Winning game

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Service Cycle

How big is the network?

How much of the network do I do work on?

How long will it take to touch the entire network?

Is this longer than the expected life of my pavement?

EXAMPLE
500 lane mile road network
Do 10 lane miles of work each year
Takes 500/10 = 50 years to touch all of the network
Asphalt pavement only last 15 years

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Historical Distribution

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Winning or Loosing?

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NCPP Network Condition Health

# Of Lane Miles in your network


Same number of RSL lost each year

How it works . . .
Programmed Activity (reconstruction, chip seal, etc.)
Fix Cost (per lane mile)
Extended Service Life (ESL)
# of Lane Miles Fixed
Result
Lane Mile/ Years per Fix
Total for Entire Network

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NCPP Process

COSTS

Reconstruction _______ Lane Miles X $300,000 = $______________

Overlay _______ Lane Miles X $80,000 = $______________

Sealcoat _______ Lane Miles X $20,000 = $______________

Crack seal _______ Lane Miles X $4,000 = $______________

TOTAL _________________

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NCPP Process

COSTS

Reconstruction _______ Lane Miles X $300,000 = $______________

Overlay 2 Lane Miles X $80,000 = $ 160,000

Sealcoat _______ Lane Miles X $20,000 = $______________

Crack seal _______ Lane Miles X $4,000 = $______________

TOTAL _________________

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NCPP Process

Lane Mile-Years Improvement

Reconstruction _______ Lane Miles X 15 Years = _________________

Overlay _______ Lane Miles X 8 Years = _________________

Sealcoat _______ Lane Miles X 4 years = _________________

Crack seal _______ Lane Miles X 1 year = _________________

TOTAL _________________

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NCPP Process

Lane Mile-Years Improvement

Reconstruction _______ Lane Miles X 15 Years = _________________

Overlay 2 Lane Miles X 8 Years = 16

Sealcoat _______ Lane Miles X 4 years = _________________

Crack seal _______ Lane Miles X 1 year = _________________

TOTAL _________________

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NCPP Network Condition Health
MI Example625 Lane Mile Network
Programmed Fix Cost ESL # of Lane Lane Total Cost
Activity per Lane Years Miles of Fix Mile
Mile Years
Reconstruction $530,000 15 4 60 $2,120,000

Rehabilitation $170,000 14 6 84 $1,020,000

Mill & Overlay $68,000 8 5 40 $340,000

Non Struc. OvL $32,000 2 7 14 $224,000

Crack Seal $4,800 1 6 6 $28,800

204 $3,732,800

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Network Level Strategy Analysis
Using Computer Models

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Is It A Management System? GIS

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Is It A Management System?

GASB 34
Accounting method

Requires road assets to be reported as cash value

Assets must be devalued for age or quality

Results must be reported to federal government

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Systems Management Adoption

In order for a system to be valued and have longevity it must do the


following:

o Be part of the agencies business practice,


AND

o Work to make a necessary business practice easier,


AND

o The time spent supporting the system must be less that the
value it provides.

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RSL Miles
Roadsoft Strategy Evaluation 15 1.40
14 4.40
13 10.37
Segments with similar RSL summed 12 13.01
by mileage
11 11.99
10 2.10
Analysis by singular pavement type 9 8.66
8 25.43
Network level (segment history lost) 7 22.45
6 10.88
5 9.54
4 1.32
3 28.11
2 43.55
1 52.34
11.89
RSL 2006 2007 2008

Deterioration 15
14
1.40
4.40
0
1.40
0
0
13 10.37 4.40 1.40
12 13.01 10.37 4.40
Each Year of simulation 11 11.99 13.01 10.37
subtracts one year of RSL 10 2.10 11.99 13.01
9 8.66 2.10 11.99
Keeps negative RSL 8 25.43 8.66 2.10
categories discrete
7 22.45 25.43 8.66
6 10.88 22.45 25.43
5 9.54 10.88 22.45
4 1.32 9.54 10.88
3 28.11 1.32 9.54
2 43.55 28.11 1.32
1 52.34 43.55 28.11
0 11.89 52.34 43.55
-1 0 11.89 52.34
RSL 2 2007 2008
0
Treatment 0
6
15 1 20 0
.
4
User specified treatments 0
Cost
14 4 1.40 20
Trigger range
.
Reset range 4
0
Treatments only applied to Trigger
range 13 1 4.40 1.40
0
No candidates, no treatment .
3
7
12 1 10.37 4.40
3
.

{
0
20 MI 1
Reconstruct 11 1 13.01 10.37
1