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Archaic Greece

Rise &
Fall
Rise
Clan units of the dark ages slowly grew into
larger political units (800 BCE.)

Marketplaces grew up in Greek villages and


communities began to gather.
Government
Four main types of governments:

Democracy: controlled by people


Oligarchy: run by a group of
noble
Monarchy: King and Queen
Tyranny: Dictatorship

However, many cities-states


How could democracy come to Athen

Monarch(good king) began to turn bad


People called for reformation
At that period, once Athen become democracy, Sparta had
to get rid away from Athen due to domino effect.
In the meantime, Persians were coming to attack.
Ephors from Sparta persuaded Athens.
Built up strong alliance with Sparta to go against Persian
invasion.
Draco and Draconian Law
Fall
Change of the Regulation.
Conflicts between city-state.
The invasion of Persia.
Tyrants.
Threshold to
Persian
The Persian Wars War
refers to the conflict between Greece and
Persia in the 5th century BCE

These were at Marathon, Thermopylae, Salamis, and


Plataea, all of which would become legendary.

The Greeks were, ultimately, victorious and their civilization


preserved.
Milit
ary
-By the 5th century BCE the military
courage of Sparta provided a model
for all other states to follow.

-Athens and Thebes began to increase


their small army by the citizens.

-Most famous and important war were


the Persian Wars, the Peloponnesian
Wars, and the Corinthian Wars.
Econ
omy
-Population increase tremendously after the Dark age.
-Began to use coin
-Trade wine pottery and perfume to North Africa and
Europe
- Trade tin, salt, slaves, wine, and pottery to Lydians,
Phoenician, and Egyptians.
- Bought wood, slaves, and dogs from North Africa
- Bought glass, silk, papyrus from Lydians, Phoenician,
and Egyptians
Social
structure
-Greek Society was mainly broken
-Slaves were used as servants and laborers, without any legal
right.
-Sometimes, the slaves were prisoners of war or bought from
foreign slave traders.

-Although many slaves lived closely with their owners, few


were skilled craftsmen and even fewer were paid.

-The social classes applied to men only, unlike women.


INVENT
IONS
- Development of
trireme
- Red figure painting
- Cartography
- Concept of democracy
- Olympic Games
A
rt
- Archaic Greek was the period in which
monumental sculpture was introduced to Greece,
- The early part of the Archaic period saw
distinctive orientalising influences, both in pottery
and in sculpture.
- The period was also an innovative period in Greek
literature.
Lang
uage
- Ancient Greek and Latin are the most important
ancient language for speakers of English today.
- The Greek language had many different dialects
- Alexander the Great even took it into Asia
Archite
- cture
-The best known of architecture is temple which are found
throughout the region, mostly as ruins but many
substantially intact.

- -The second important type of building that survives all over


the Hellenic world is the open are Theather.
- Other architectural forms that are still in evidence are the
processional gateway (propylon), the public square (agora)
surrounded by storied colonnade (stoa), the town council
building (bouleuterion), the public monument, and the
monumental tomb (mausoleum).
Geography
The Important part
of 5
Cities.
Cities
- Athens
- Sparta
- Olympia
- Epidaurus
- Delos
Olympia - The
Temple of Zeus
- Located in the center
of the city
- Built for honour of the
god Zeus
- The project started in
470 BCE and end in
457 BCE
- Made of local
limestone
Epidaurus - Epidaurus
ancient Theater
- Place for religious festivals
and theater performance
for the honor of god
Delos - Many Temples and
Statues dedicated to the
Gods - City and Island with
many temples dedicated
to many different gods
such as Apollo, Zeus,
Artemis etc.
- Has many building such
as theater, monument,
stadium etc.
Corinth - Temple of Apollo
- Built in Doric style
- Built in 540 BCE
- Made of limestone
- Made for the god Apollo
Religion - Papons slide
During the ancient Greek period, people were
polytheistic, believing in many gods. For example,
Zeus was the god of the sky, lightning, thunder, law,
order, and justice. Zeus lived at the Olympus
mountain. Poseidon was the god of the sea,
earthquakes, and storms.He lived at Olympus
mountain and sea.Hades was the god of underworld
and death He lived in the underworld. Their parents
were Cronus and Rhea.
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