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DHondt Remainders

Table
Highest Average Method
Background
Named after a Belgian lawyer and mathematician,
Victor dHondt.
The dHondt system is a form of proportional
representation widely used in continental Europe.
Originally
devised to ensure an equitable distribution of
parliamentary seats among Catholics and Liberals and
between the different language communities in
Belgium
Background (Continued)

Like most proportional electoral systems, dHondt is


stilldisproportionalto the extent that it favors large
political parties or groups over small ones.
Basic Idea I
Itrequires the total number votes received by each
party to be divided first by one, then by two, then by
three, and so on as necessary. The resulting quotients
are then ranked by size, with the order determining
entitlement to the seats available. In practice, the
calculation is normally used to establish not only the
number of seats to which each party is entitled, but also
the order in which they are assigned. (Illustration 1)
Illustration I
Round Party A Party B Party C Party D Party E Party F
1 400 25 70 250 95 160
2 200 12.50 35 125 47.50 80
3 100 6.25 17.50 62.50 23.75 40
4 50 3.125 8.75 30.125 95 20
5 25 1.62 4.375 15.062 47.50 10
6 12.5 .81 2.188 7.531 23.75 5
7 6.25 .405 1.094 3.765 11.875 2.5
Total
Seats 3 2 1 1
Basic Idea II
A party's vote total is divided by a certain figure
which increases as it wins more seats. As the divisor
becomes bigger, the party's total in succeeding
rounds gets smaller, allowing parties with lower initial
totals to win seats. (Illustration II)
Illustration II
Seat Party A Party B Party C Party D Party E Party F
1 400 25 70 250 95 160
2 200 25 70 250 95 160
3 200 25 70 125 95 160
4 100 25 70 125 95 160
5 100 25 70 125 95 80
6 100 25 70 62.5 95 80
7 50 25 70 62.5 95 80
Total
Seats 3 2 1 1
Sources

http://penguincompaniontoeu.com/additional_entries/dhondt-system/
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/northern_ireland/91150.stm