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ASTHA
TRISOLIYA
IX-A
What do you hear?
Did you hear something? Maybe the sound
you heard was as quiet as your cat licking
her paws. Or maybe it was loud, like a
siren going by.
Sounds are everywhere, and you have two
cool parts on your body that let you hear
them all: your ears!
No matter where we go, sound waves are
all around us.
Human
ear
It has two
functions
- one is hearing
- maintaining
the balance of
the body or
equilibrium
Three parts the
ear
1. Outer ear
collects sound waves and sends them to the middle ear. It
is the visible part of the ear.
a. PINNA OR AURICLE
- it is a flap of skin supported by the cartilage. It is a
curved a part of the ear attached to the head, its shape
makes it efficient in collecting and capturing sound waves
- the soft tissue that hangs from the lower part of the
auricle is the earlobe
b.
1. Outer ear
EXTERNAL AUDITORY CANAL
- serves as passageway of sound waves
into the ear. It is composed of glands which
secrete earwax. This waxy substance traps dust
and other foreign bodies to prevent them from
reaching the middle ear. The sound waves that
pass through the auditory canal go to the
eardrum
1. Outer ear
c. TYMPANIC MEMBRANE
( anterior eardrum)
- separates the outer ear from the
middle ear at the end of the
auditory canal that is very
sensitive to sounds.
2. Middle ear
- is a hollow air-filled cavity,
consists of the posterior and the
three little bones: hammer, anvil,
and stirrup.it is also situated in
the middle ear the eustachian
tube
2. Middle Ear
a.Tympanic membrane- causes the
eardrum to vibrate when sound
come in through auditory canal.
is is the vibration that sends
sound waves deeper into the ear.
2. Middle Ear
b.The three tiniest bones of the body
a. Hammer- attached to the eardrum
b. anvil connects the hammer to the
stirrup
c. stirrup connected to the oval
window
3. Inner ear
consists of the
cochlea and the
semicircular canals ,
located in the skull
3. Inner ear
a. Cochlea a tube shaped like a shell of a
snail which consists of coiled, liquid-filled
tubes that are separated from one another
by membranes. Lining of the membranes are
specialized hair cells that are sensitive to
vibration. It contains actual organ of hearing
called organ of corti. That receives the sound
waves and transmit them to the brain
3. Inner ear
b. semi-circular canal enable the
body to maintain balance, consists of
three interconnected loop-shaped
tubes at right angles to one another,
these canals contain fluid and hairlike
projections that detect changes in
body positions
3. Inner ear
c. Auditory nerve
responsible in sending
message to the brain
How does the ear work?
Sound waves are sent.
The outer ear catches the sound waves.
The middle ear takes the sound waves and vibrates
the eardrum.
The inner ear sends the messages to the brain.
Middle Ear

Outer Ear

Sound Waves Inner Ear

The brain puts it together and hooray! You hear your


favorite song on the radio.
Common
Ailments
1. EAR INFECTIONS (middle or
outer ear ) Symptoms high fever,
abscess, and loss of hearing. A
milky discharge with unpleasant
odor comes out of the ear, sever
pain in the ear.
Common
Ailments
2. EAR BOIL an infection on
the outer ear characterized by
infection and swelling , caused
by impacted teeth, ear wax,
sinusitis, or prolonged
exposure to loud noise.
Common
Ailments
3. DEAFNESS loss of hearing
- it is the result of an injury in the
inner ear. When the eardrum breaks ,
the person may become partially or
totally deaf.

OTOLARYNGONOLOGISTS a trained
doctors who treat diseases of ear
9inflammation, infection, or allergic
condition)
Proper Care for the
1. Clean your outer ear with a clean
ears
washcloth.
2. Do not use your fingers, hairpins, or
toothpicks in removing earwax,
3. Never put any pointed object like a
pencil or ballpen into your ear.
Proper care for the
4. Do not allow anybody to shout into your ear.
ears
Strong force of the air that may enter your ear
can press too hard on your eardrum and break it.
5. Turn down the volume of appliances.
6. Avoid blows and bumps on your head, especially
near the ear, these can injure eardrum.
Proper Care for the
ears
7. Do not blow your nose too hard. This can
cause germs from your throat to go up
the Eustachian tube to your ears.
8. When swimming or diving , protect the
eardrums by wearing a cap or using
earplugs.
9. Any ear problem should be consulted to
a doctor
Helen Keller
Story
People who have lost one or more of
their senses can succeed in life. Perhaps
the most famous case of a physically
challenged person who succeeded is
that of Helen Keller who was born
normal child in 1880.
Helen Keller
Before she was two, an illness
deprived her of her sight and
hearing. Ann Sullivan , a special
teacher , created a bond between
Helen and the world through the
little girls sense of touch . Helen
could hear Ann by placing her
hand over her teachers lips.
Helen Keller
She earned a college degree, became
a writer, and was honored by
famous people such as Alexander
Graham Bell and Eleanor Roosevelt .
She toured the world , giving hope
to deaf and blind people.