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Seminario de Calorimetra

25.Sept. 2007

en la
Universitad de Alcal
Miguel Rubio / Linealab

Angelo Moscaritolo / IKA


IKA Werke
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GmbH & Co.KG

Isothermal Calorimeter (ca.1780)


IKA Werke
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GmbH & Co.KG

Vista de la camara de medida:


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GmbH & Co.KG

Principios de calorimetra
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Principios de calorimetra

Cmara
interna
IKA Werke
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GmbH & Co.KG

Principios de calorimetra

Cmara
interna

Cmara
externa
IKA Werke
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GmbH & Co.KG

Principios de calorimetra

Termmetro

Cmara
interna

Cmara
externa
IKA Werke
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GmbH & Co.KG

Principios de calorimetra

Termmetro
Cmara
interna

Cmara
externa

agitacin
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GmbH & Co.KG

Principios de calorimetra

Termmetro
Cmara
interna

Cmara
externa

obus
agitacin
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Principios de calorimetra

Muestra en ignicin
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Principios de calorimetra

Incremento
temperatura
en el agua
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Mtodo de medida

Adiabtico
Te
T, K TIV TIV = inner vessel
TOV = outer vessell

ignition
C ( Te - Ts ) - Qf
TOV Ho =

Ts m

Pre test Main test Post test


3 min 8 min 3 min t, min
IKA Werke
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GmbH & Co.KG

C 5000 produccin en 1995

Metodos de medida: adiabtico / isoperiblico / dinmico

Controller C5000
Mesearing cell C5003
cooling device C5001

Controller cell cooler


C5000 C5003 C5001
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Mtodo de medida

Isoperiblico
T, K TIV TIV=Inner vessel
TOV = outer vessel
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f1

ignition f1 = f2 ( = A )
C (dT + A) - Qf
Ho =
isop. m

TOV
A:Regnault - Pfaundler Equation

f2

Pre Test Main Test Post Test


6 min 10 min 6 min t, min
IKA Werke
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GmbH & Co.KG

C 2000 produccin en 2000


Mtodos de medida: isoperiblico / dinmico

C 2000 basic/control :
1. Measuring cell 3
2. controller
3. Obus C5010 / C5012
2 3
1

4. C5040 Calwin 1
2

4
IKA Werke
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GmbH & Co.KG

Clculo de la constante C ( valor C )

C = H * m + QF
T
QF = Qz + Qe+..

C = Constante of calorimeter [ J/K ]


H = CV Value of calibration sample [ J/g ] ( Benzoic acid )
m = mass [g]
QF = foreign enegy [J]
T = temp. Diff. [K]

Qz = cotton thread [J]


Qe = energy of ignition [J]
IKA Werke
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GmbH & Co.KG

Clculo de poder calorfico superior


PCS
Ho = C * T - QF
m
QF = Qz + Qe+ Qh +

Ho = gros CV Value [ J/g ]


C = constant of calorimeter [ J/K ]
T = temp. Diff. [K]
QF = foreign energy [J]
m = mass [g]

Qz = foreign energy cotton thread [J]


Qe = foreign energy ignition [J]
Qh = foreign energy combustions aid [ J ]
IKA Werke
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GmbH & Co.KG

Normas

DIN 51900 part 1-3 ( Alemania / Europa )

ISO 1928

ASTM D240 / D4809 / D5865 /D1989 / D5468 / E711 /


( Estados Unidos )
BS 1016 ( Inglaterra )
Gost ( Russia )

Nueva Norma : en vigor desde Enero 2007


EN 13501- 1 Materiales de Construccin
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Aplicaciones

Fuels (Kerosin / BIO Diesel / Paraffin / Koks / Carbon ... )

Alimentos ( yogur / mazapan / chocolade / arroz /


sumos ... )
Zoologicos ( comida conejos / comida perros / urina de gato... )

Construccin ( Cemento / Paredes / Paneles / ... )

Residuos ( Madera / Papel / Tetrapack / Pintura / Solventos ... )