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A project report by: Shibam

Sarbswa
Rudraksha Shukla
Manish Chourassia
Karan Singh
Tajvendra Rawat

Under the mentorship of : Sadaf


Akhtar
ABSTRACT

A compressed-air vehicle is powered by an air engine, using


compressed air, which is stored in a tank. Instead of mixing fuel with
air and burning it in the engine to drive pistons with hot expanding
gases, compressed air vehicles (CAV) use the expansion of
compressed air to drive their pistons. One manufacturer claims to
have designed an engine that is 90 percent efficient.
These days our world is facing fuel crisis and air pollution.
The primary fuel we are using is gasoline which is expensive and non-
renewable.
So an alternative for gasoline has to be adopted. Compressed air serves this
purpose.
WORKING

Our project is working in 24V dc current, we divide this current


into two part.
The Solenoid coil, one wire of the 4-coil (negative) is attach with
dick and positive current is transmit by motor with its
connecting shaft.
Dc motor regulating supply, second 24V dc supply is going to
step down transformer through fan regulator for regulate
supply. This transformer converts 12V dc to 12 dc supply. Now
we fix one bridge rectifier to convert ac to dc 12v supply for
motor. When we operate fan regulator, motor rotate slow and
fast to transmit ac current to solenoid coil.
We used Solenoid valve for transmit compressed air to the
cylinder for 4 stroke rotation
In ON condition Solenoid valve air inlet hole are B and D and
outlet hole are E and A. due to this cylinder expended
Normally in off condition Solenoid valve air inlet hole are B and
E and outlet hole are D and C. due to this cylinder squeeze
We weld two crankshafts and connect pneumatic cylinder with them
and fix them on body frame with the help of bearing. We weld one
sprocket on the right side of crank shaft to transfer its rotation to
gear box.
Now we connect 4 solenoid coil with pneumatic cylinder for provide
4 stroke (every coil provide 90 degree rotation when current pass
through them).
We connect 1:4 gear box with crankshaft for convert crank speed in
to wheel torque motion, due to this our project is easily move on
surface.
Now we take one special dc gear motor (motor shaft is not directly
connected with motor, so we are transmit ac current to the coil from
that shaft) and fix it with circular dick and this motor transmit ac
supply to coil.
MATERIALS & METHOD

One can buy the vehicle with the engine or buy an engine to be installed
in the vehicle. Typical air engines use one or more expander pistons.
In some applications it is advantageous to heat the air, or the engine, to
increase the range or power.

Tanks
The tanks must be designed to safety standards appropriate for a
pressure vessel.
The storage tank may be made of:
Steel
Carbon fiber
Aluminum
Kevlar
Other materials or combinations of the above.
MATERIALS & METHOD

The fiber materials are considerably lighter than metals but


generally more expensive. Metal tanks can withstand a large
number of pressure cycles, but must be checked for corrosion
periodically.
One company stores air in tanks at 4,500 pounds per square inch
(about 30 MPa) and hold nearly 3,200 cubic feet (around 90 cubic
meters) of air.
The tanks may be refilled at a service station equipped with heat
exchangers, or in a few hours at home or in parking lots, plugging
the car into the electric grid via an on-board compressor.
CRANK SHAFT

We arrange one crank shaft with two wheeler scooter


BALL BEARING

We fix two ball bearings on both side of crankshaft as shown in above


diagram
SOLENOID VALVE

Normally in off condition Solenoid valve air inlet hole are B and E
and outlet hole are D and C. due to this cylinder squeeze
COMPRESSED AIR

In ON condition Solenoid valve air inlet hole are B and D and


outlet hole are E and A. due to this cylinder expended
2 CRANKSHAFTS & CYLINDER

We weld two crankshafts and connect pneumatic cylinder with them and
fix them on body frame with the help of bearing. We weld one sprocket on
the right side of crank shaft to transfer its rotation to gear box.
CONNECT 4 SOLENOID COIL

Now we connect 4 solenoid coil with pneumatic cylinder for provide 4 stroke
(every coil provide 90 degree rotation when current pass through them).
POWER TRANSMISSION

The most important part of the project is power transmission


system. As per above information we are using 4 solenoid coil in
our project and these coil are act as 4 stock transmission, we are
using a simple technique to transmit the same power. We take
one circular wooden piece and divide that circle in to four parts
as shown below diagram, these for piece are metallic cutouts.
Now we take one special dc gear motor (motor shaft is not directly
connected with motor, so we are transmit ac current to the coil from
that shaft) and fix it with circular dick and this motor transmit ac
supply to coil.
SINGLE ACTING CYLIDER

Single acting cylinders (SAC) use the force imparted by air to move in one
direction (usually out), and a spring to return to the "home" position
DC MOTOR
Advantages

The advantages are well publicized since the developers need to


make their machines attractive to investors. Compressed-air
vehicles are comparable in many ways to electric vehicles, but use
compressed air to store the energy instead of batteries. Their
potential advantages over other vehicles include:
Compressed-air vehicles are unconstrained by the degradation
problems associated with current battery systems.
Lighter vehicles would mean less abuse on roads. Resulting in
longer lasting roads.
The price of fueling air-powered vehicles will be significantly
cheaper than current fuels.
DISADVANTAGES

It has relatively less speed


Refueling takes 3-4 hours
Compressor require external source to run
CONCLUSION

There are many applications of mechatronics in the mass produced


products used in the home. They are to be found in cars in the
active solenoid valve, air compressor, piston, engine control, speed
control through volume regulator etc.
Pollution is one of the major problems faced by the peoples in a
routine life. Increasing use of different types of automobile plate
and important role to create this big problem, several affords are
made by the automobile sector to solve this big problem. Our
project, electric system will be very effective to reduce this
problem in a cheaper way.
Air is alternative than other fuels so during our study we
appreciated the importance of electric conversion and found that it
is really helpful in controlling the pollution and also less expensive
than the petrol