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Primary research report/

Omission

Course: Technical Communication

Done by: Benquadi Irchad


El Basri Myriam
El Fethouni Yasmina
Oulad Benchiba Soraya

Supervised by: Dr. Belhiah Hassan


Outline
Introduction
How do you write primary research reports?
Build a team
Find a project requiring a primary research report
Define an audience and purpose
Describe the problem and the background
Describe the purpose, objectives, and scope
Plan the review of literature
Describe the materials, equipment, and facilities
Explain your theory, methods, and procedures
Present the results, finding and data
Write the discussion, conclusions and recommendations
Format the list of information sources
Plan the appendixes
Write the Introduction
Plan the Format
Review and revise the rough draft
Omission
Workshop: Primary Research Report Format
Conclusion
Introduction
Primary research
reports are based on
gathering information
and analyzing it.
Primary research report
is research were you
gather the most
important information
from the most important
sources
How do you write primary
research reports?
The 15 points to follow
1-Build a team

- Primary
research
reports take
a lot of work
that is why is
it good to
work as a
team.
2-Find a project requiring a primary
research report
Primary research reports deal with
problems where there is no immediate
practical problem to be solved.
They do not only solve real or realistic
workplace problems.
3-Define an audience and purpose
Develop an in-depth
understanding of the
situation building a report of
the needs, interests, and
knowledge levels of the
readers.
Readers of primary research
reports expect this
sequence: problem,
background, method, data,
discussion, and conclusions.
4-Describe the problem and the
background

Discuss the situation that has led to the


research work.
Either in the introduction, or in a separate
section of its own, is to discuss the
situation that has led to the research work.
5-Describe the purpose, objectives,
and scope

Discuss what you intended to do in the


research project.
Explain the scope of your work.
What were you trying not to do?
6-Plan the review of literature
After you've established the basis for the
project, summarize the literature relevant
to it.
Summarize this literature briefly
Enable readers to go have a look at it by
providing the full bibliographic citation at
the end of your report.
7-Describe the materials,
equipment, and facilities
Your goals in writing this type of report is
to enable the reader to replicate the
experiment or survey you performed.
Discuss the equipment and facilities you
used in your research.
Describe things in detail, providing brand
names, model numbers, sizes, and other
such specifications.
8-Explain your theory, methods,
and procedures
You must explain the
procedures or
methods you used so
that the reader
can replicate your
project or visualize it.
Use the step-by-step
format for this
discussion.
9-Present the results, finding and
data
Critical to any primary research report is the data that
you collect.
You present it in various tables, charts, and graphs.
These can go in the body of your report, or in
appendixes if they are so big that they interrupt the flow
of your discussion.
Some results or findings may not be presentable as
tables, charts, or graphs. In these cases, you just
discuss it in paragraphs.
In any case, you do not add interpretation to this
presentation of data. You merely present the data,
without trying to explain it.
10-Write the discussion,
conclusions and recommendations

You interpret or discuss your findings in a


section separate from the one where you
present the data.
This section, or area of the report, is also
the place to make recommendations or
state ideas for further research.
11-Format the list of information
sources
List the sources used in the project
Create citations for the information
sources
Make a citation for each source you
refered to, summarize, or quote
12-Plan the appendixes

Create an appendix for the report (tables


of statistics, large illustrations, graphics,
)
13-Write the Introduction
Statement of the problem of the research
The purpose of the research
The limitations
Overview of the content of the report
14- Plan the Format
Article
Business letter
Memo
15-Review and revise the rough
draft

Top down approach: -Audience


-Purpose
-Situation
Omission
It is common and very recommended to
use quotations in a research report.
However, every quotation needs to be
mentioned and omission is to be
considered as plagiarism
DOs
Quotes:
- Technical documents
- Condensation of quotes need to
be mentioned
- Fairness to the author
- Grammatical integrity of the
writing
- Decide which facts to include
Donts
Misinterpretation of a quote
Omission of the bibliography
Primary Research Report Format
Covers and label
Transmittal letter
Title page and descriptive abstract
Table of contents
List of figures
Abstract
Body of the report
Appendixes
Covers and label
Transmittal letter
Title page and descriptive
abstract
Table of contents
List of figures
Abstract
Body of the report
Page with headings and graphics
Appendixes
Conclusion
Thanks for your attention