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Design and fabrication of multi nut

tightener and remover


by

1. PRAVEENKUMAR P 512213114126
2. PRASANNAKUMAR P.S 512213114122
3. PRATHEEPKUMAR B 512213114125
4. SABARINATHAN K 512213114144

Under the
Guidance of
Mr .V .
Raghuraman M.E
Associate
professor
Department of Mechanical Engineering
S.K.P. Engineering College
Tiruvannamalai.
April-2017
Objectives
The main objective of this project is to automize the labour
work in tightening or removing the nuts one by one.

This project focus on the minimization of human effort and


time consuming for fixing all four nuts of the four wheel tyre
in a single stroke.

To avoid time wasting and lot of energy used to change the


tyre
Literature review

S.N AUTHOR TITLE NAME INFERENCE


O
1 Wen-Hsiang An experimental study In this paper he describes
Hsie on cam-controlled that a mechanism is
planetary gear trains. driven
by a motor at uniform
speed. the sun gear can
produce a non-uniform
motion by engaging with
the planetary gear.
2 Kuen-BaoSheu Analysis and evaluation In this paper he describes
of hybrid scooter from economical and
transmission systems technical points of view
the hybrid concepts
offer the possibility of
achieving to fill the gap.
3 Ligang Yao Jian meshing characteristics We observed from this
S. Dai Guowu of the toroidal drive or journal that the paper
Wei and Yingjie continuously variable further develops meshing
functions and their
Cai transmission(CVT) with
derivatives with respect to
different roller shapes. each drive type with a
different roller shape. This
S.NO AUTHOR TITLE NAME INFERENCE

4 Gordon R. Duality between the In this paper, a systematic


Pennock and kinematics of gear procedure to transform
Jeremiah J. trains and the statics between the first-order
kinematics of a gear train and
Alwerdt of beam systems.
the statics of the dual beam
system.

5 Stefan Staicu Inverse dynamics of a Planetary bevel-gear trains


planetary gear with three degrees of freedom
train for robotics. are adopted as the design
concept for robotic wrist.
Bevel-gear wrist mechanisms
are generally incorporated in
the structure of the robots.
6 Tadashi Meshing transmission In actual gear-tooth meshing,
TAKEUCHI and error (TE). however, forced displacement
Kazuhide TOGAI resulting from meshing error
causes meshing vibromotive
forces to be generated during
torque transmission. These
vibromotive forces then
constitute a source of
vibration.
S.NO AUTHOR TITLE NAME INFERENCE

7 Gordon R. Duality between the In this paper, a systematic


Pennock and kinematics of gear procedure to transform
Jeremiah J. trains and the statics between the first-order
kinematics of a gear train and
Alwerdt of beam systems.
the statics of the dual beam
system.

8 Stefan Staicu Inverse dynamics of a Planetary bevel-gear trains


planetary gear with three degrees of freedom
train for robotics. are adopted as the design
concept for robotic wrist.
Bevel-gear wrist mechanisms
are generally incorporated in
the structure of the robots.
9 Tadashi Meshing transmission In actual gear-tooth meshing,
TAKEUCHI and error (TE). however, forced displacement
Kazuhide TOGAI resulting from meshing error
causes meshing vibromotive
forces to be generated during
torque transmission. These
vibromotive forces then
constitute a source of
vibration.
Problem Statement
Existing Technology:
Impact wrenches is most commonly used in the place where the high torque
output is required , likewise it is used to remove the wheel nuts of
automobiles by means of electric or hydraulic powers.

Gap:
It takes more time and causes damage to thread, so we go for
multi nut tightner.

Solution:
To reduce time and thread damage
To used to reduced human effort during tightening and
loosening the nut , So we go for multi nut Tightener is used.
Diagram:

TIGHTNE
R OR
REMOVER
Power supply DC MOTOR SPUR GEAR
ARRANGEMENT
TIGHTNE
R OR
REMOVER
FLOW CHART :
Literature
collection

Information collection

Selection of material

Designing of various components

Manufacturing process
Pitch circle diameter:
Pitch circle diameteris a term used to describe the
centerlinediameterof a circular bolt spacing,
thediameterof theoretical friction discs that would transmit
the same velocity ratio as two meshing gears, or
thediameterat which the thread tooth equals the thread
spacing for screw threads.
In India the standard sizes of PCD are as follows

Maruti Swift 100


Maruti WagonR 100
Maruti Esteem 114.3
Maruti Zen 114.3
Maruti Omni 114.3
Maruti 800 114.3
Maruti Baleno 100
Honda City 100
Honda Accent 100
Toyota Corolla 100
Toyota Innova 114.3
Multi nut tightener and remover

It works on the principle wheel is a very frequent job performed by the


worker. Normally each of the four nuts is losing/tighten individually by simultaneously
applying the spanner/lever. Either with the help of mechanism developed that one can
loosen or tight all four nuts at a time and at the single stroke of the hand operated or
motor operated lever.

1) ON the MOTOR regulator switch.

2) It consist of 5 spur gears , 4 shafts for spur gears , 4 box spanner, 2


side plates .
Torque wrench
The torque to remove one nut has been measured. Each
nut has been measured four times to get the accurate average
value. The measure be defines by using torque wrench. The meter
on the torque wrench shows how much torque needed to move a
nut. Below is the picture of torque wrench used.
Methodology
Gear calculation :
To determine the diameter and the number of teeth in the gear
for the further process.
Fabrication:
To fabricate the components required for assembly such as
gear, base plate, spanner holder and central shaft with spline key
way.
Assembly:
Once all the materials are fabricated then the parts are
assembled by means of welding, nut and bolt arrangement.
Experimental details

It consist of 5 spur gears , 4 shafts for spur gears , 4 box spanner, 2


side plates .
Where 1 gear is sun gear, and other 4 gear are planetary gear.
Gear arrangement:
Box spanner:
17mm box spanner is used to remove the nut from the
wheel.
Side plate:
Result:
1) The multiple operated spanner for four wheeler vehicle with
100mm PCD is done.

2) The torque of applied for removing / tightening of lug nuts is


adequate and replacement the nuts at much faster rate as
compared to the conventional spanner. The human effort
required for operating the spanner is relatively same.

3) Therefore it is recommended that the multiple operated


spanner if fabricated will prove very much beneficial for
installation of wheels while assembling the cars.
Conclusion:

1) The multi nut remover is used to remove multiple nuts in a single use .
These are commonly used to remove the wheel nuts and hence the
mechanical effort required for removing the wheel is very less

2) The Multi nut remover can be used in automobile units and


manufacturing units. The weight of the model can be reduced by using a light
weight material base plate. The wheel nuts can be easily removed using the
multi nut remover.
Future scope:
1) Improvement in the system by making automatic operation with
the help of pneumatic system which is clean and hazardous free.
2) To design and fabricate the complete assembly of the multiple
operated spanner to be fitted to all vehicle wheels by adjusting pitch circle
diameter by making pinion gear small or large as per wheels pitch circle
diameter.
3) By replacing the motor with different gear arrangements in such
manner so that it can be operated manually by hand lever with less power
requirement. The weight of the model can be reduced by using a light weight
material of base plate.
4) It is also suggested to operate it with different gear arrangements
with less power required.
Reference:
[1] A. R. Abd Aziz Improvement and Optimization of Tire Nut Removal with 114
PCD. Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Thesis Degree, 2008.
[2] M. F. Abd Rahim Design, Development and Fabrication of Tyre Lug Wrench.
Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM), Thesis Degree, 2007.
[3] R. Abdul Rahman, C. A. Che Ismail and M. Y. Abdullah Mechanik Mesin.
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Publisher, 2003.
[4] V. Sarkar Mechanics of Machines. Tata McGraw-Hill, 2004.
[5] E. Oberg, F. D. Jones, H. L. Horton and H. H. Ryffel (2008) Machinerys
Handbook 28th Edition. Industrial Press, 2008.
[6] Abdullah, M.A, Shaharuzaman, M.A, Jenal, R., Boejang, H., Mat Idera, I.H. and
Mohd Razi, M.Z., Development of Conceptual Vehicle All-Wheel-Nuts Remover,
Proceeding for the 2nd International Conference on Design and Concurrent
Engineering (iDECON2012), Malacca, Malaysia, (October 15th to 16th, 2012), 199-
202 (2012)
[7] B.D.Shivalkar ,Design data Book,S.Chand Publication.
[8] R.S.Khurmi,J.KGupta,Machin,Design,S.Chand Publication.
THANK YOU