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RENEWABLE ENERGY FROM

BIOMASS

Ajeet singh
Gct/1530105
Themes

Introduction
Biomass Renewable energy Sources
How can biomass be used to generate energy
What is the present status of renewable energy in
India ?
What are advantage & disadvantage biomass
renewable energy ?
Introduction
The biomass is fast renewable form of energy &available
freely as waste & discarded
Biomass is a renewable organic substance that includes the
biological material derived from living organisms like
wood ,waste & alcohol fuels.
Hence, this biomass can be used as renewable resource for
the production of energy
How can biomass be used to generate
energy
Biomaass is term for energy from plants. Energy in
this form is commonly used throught the
world.Biomass can also be used to create methane
gas,ethanol & biodiesel.
Methan gas primary component of natural gas,come
from rotting waste &this gas can be harvested.Sugar
cane & corn are converted into ethanol, a fuel used
to power vehicles.
Leftover oils & fats are used to make biodiesel.
Biomass Conversion Routes
BIOMASS

THERMOCHEMICAL BIOCHEMICAL

COMBUSTION GASIFICATION PYROLYSIS DIGESTION FERMENTATION

PRODUCER
RANKINE BIOGAS ETHANOL
GAS
CYCLE

ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURISED
Duel Fuel
SIPGE
Gas Turbines
3) combustion
State by biomass renewable energy
detail
Following is a list of some States with
most potential for biomass production:
Punjab
Andhra Pradesh
Bihar
Gujarat
Karnataka
Tamil Nadu
Maharashtra
Uttar Pradesh
Biomass resource potential in
Punjab
Total biomass potential

Crop
Biomass Biomass Power
Biomass Area Productio
Generation Surplus Potential
Type (kHa) n
(kT/Yr) (kT/Yr)* (MWe)*
(kT/Yr)
Agro-residue 6993.4 35934.0 59847.4 24843.0 3172.1
Forest and
Wasteland 228.9 0.0 398.6 263.0 36.8
residue
Total 7222.3 35934.0 51246.0 25106.0 3208.9


Biomass resource potential in
Maharashtra
Total biomass potential

Crop Power
Biomass Biomass
Biomass Area Productio Potential
Generation Surplus
Type (kHa) n
(kT/Yr) (kT/Yr)*
(kT/Yr) (MWe)*
Agro-residue 18851.7 64332.8 47624.7 14789.9 1983.7
Forest and
Wasteland 13177.6 0.0 18407.3 12440.1 1741.6
residue
Total 32029.3 64332.8 66031.0 27230.0 3725.3
Conclusion
Biomass has always been an important energy source for the
country considering the benefits and promises it offers. It is a
carbon neutral fuel source for the generation of electricity.
About 32% of the total primary energy use in the country is
derived from biomass and more than 70% of the countrys
population depends upon it for their energy needs.
Unique in the world, India has the only Ministry that is
dedicated to the development of renewable energies: the
Ministry of New and Renewable Energy. This bodes well for
the acceleration of renewable development throughout the
nation -- both to meet the underserved needs of millions of
rural residents and the growing demand of an energy hungry
economy.
References
MNES Annual Reports, 2001-2009
Integrated Energy Policy Report, Planning Commission,
2006
11th Five year plan proposal, MNRE, Govt of India
Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Annual
Report 2015-2016,1-6
report. Ministry of New & Renewable Energy. 31
July 2016. Retrieved31 August2016.
The biomass surplus and power potential data
is as perNational Biomass Resource Atlas
(2002-04) project of MNRE executed by CGPL,
IISc Bangalore,2-6
THANK YOU