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CO REMOVAL FROM GAS STREAMS BY

CARBON FIBER COMPOSITE MOLECULAR


SIEVE
presented by
:
VPS Pragna
A Supriya Devi
CONTENTS:
INTRODUCTION
PREPARATION OF CFCMS
PERFORMANCE CHARECTERISTICS
ELECTRONIC SWING ADSORPTION(ESA)
ADSORPTION AND SEPERATION DATA
THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY
CONCLUSION
INTRODUCTION
There is a great need for versatile,effective regenerable co2
separation.
An innovative technique known as CARBON FIBER COMPOSITE
MOLECULAR SIEVE is being investigated at OAK RIDGE
NATIONAL LABORATORY.
The CFCMS has distinct adsorption capacity, adsorption
kinetics advantages over conventional granular activated
carbons.
CFCMS
CFCMS is a monolithic carbon adsorbent material composed
of:
1.Petroleum derived isotropic pitch carbon fibers.
2.Phenolic resin derived carbon binder.
Adsorption of polar molecules and for some flat non- polar
molecules such as CO2 occurs on CFCMS in an effective
manner.
STRUCTURE OF CFCMS
The carbon fibers are bonded at their contact points creating
an open and permeable structure.
Macroscopic voids in the structure are approximately 50-
250ms,fibre lengths 50-1000ms,diameter 12-16ms.
High micro pore volumes :(0.5-1.0)cm3/gm.
BET surface area:(1000-2000)m2/kg.
PREPARATION OF CFCMS BY SLURRY PROCESS
PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS
A gas flow loop was constructed to
determine and verify the performance
characteristics of CFCMS.
It has a capacity of about 50L/H and can
be operated up to 1000psi.
A side stream is lead from the loop and passes through a
adsorption containing the activated CFCMS.
The ESA sub system of the loop imparts the ability to
stimulate desorption of co2 from CFCMS sample.
ELECTRICAL SWING ADSORPTION(ESA)
The graph consists of three adsorption/desorption cycles.
first cycle-applied voltage and He purge gas.
second cycle-applied voltage and He purge gas.
third cycle-only He purge gas.
Hence the principle of an ESA system based upon the
electrical conductivity of CFCMS.
By passing electrical current attractive, static electrical or
vander waals forces between the carbon and adsorbate are
disrupted or reversed.
In an adsorption-desorption cycle, the CFCMS would be
saturated with co2 during the adsorption phase and
approximately 80% of co2 would be desorbed during
desorption phase.
ADSORPTION AND SEPARATION DATA
A high pressure adsorption
isotherms for CO2 and CH4
are given for two samples of
activated CFCMS as shown
below:
The Input gas switched to a 2:1 mixture of CO2 by CH4 at a
flow rate of 0.33slpm.
In the outlet stream, concentration of CH4 increases rapidly .
The adsorption of CO2 occurs and by the passage of low
voltage electric current ,desorbed gases were driven out by
the purge.
THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY
The thermal conductivity of CFCMS was determined by using
thermal flash technique.
The thermal diffusivity was calculated from thermal transient and
thermal conductivity was then determined
K=Cp
Where ,
=thermal diffusivity at test temperature.
=bulk density.
Cp=specific heat at test temperature.
Thermal conductivity of CFCMS is anisotropic.
CONCLUSIONS
The monolithic material has numerous advantages over
conventional power and granular activated carbons.
The ESA process is extremely fast in comparision to Pressure
Swing Apparatus(PSA) and Temperature Swing
Apparatus(TSA).
A systematic study of CFCMS to maximize its adsorption
capacity for C02 is needed.