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3G

Different Service, Different Technology

Analog Digital IMT-2000

AMPS GSM
GSM
UMTS
UMTS
CDMA
CDMA WCDMA
WCDMA
TACS Technologies IS-95
IS-95 Demands
drive drive CDMA
CDMA
NMT TDMA
TDMA 2000
2000
IS-136
IS-136
TD-
TD-
Others
PDC
PDC SCDMA
SCDMA
3G is developed to achieve:

Universal frequency band for standard and


seamless global coverage
High spectral efficiency
High quality of service with complete security
and reliability
Easy and smoothly transition from 2G to 3G,
compatible with 2G
Provide multimedia services, with the rates:
Vehicle environment: 144kbps
Walking environment: 384kbps
Indoor environment: 2Mbps
Frequency band
Main bands
1920 ~ 1980MHz / 2110 ~ 2170MHz
Supplementary bands: different country maybe different
1850 ~ 1910 MHz / 1930 MHz ~ 1990 MHz (USA)
1710 ~ 1785MHz / 1805 ~ 1880MHz (Japan)
890 ~ 915MHz / 935 ~ 960MHz (Australia)

Frequency channel number central frequency5, for main
band:
UL frequency channel number 9612 - 9888
DL frequency channel number : 10562 - 10838
UMTS
ARCHITECTURE
2.5G
GERAN CORE Network

Gn Gp/Gi
to ISP
Gb

SGSN Gr GGSN
Abis BSC
PCU
Um PS Domain

Asub
Ue TRAU D HLR
A

to GMSC,
PSTN or
MSC/VLR other PLMN
CS Domain
3G
UTRAN CORE Network

IU ps Gn Gp/Gi
Serving to ISP or
IU b
Uu RNC other
NodeB SGSN Gr GGSN SGSN
Uu from
IU r
IU cs PS Domain Other
PLMN
Uu NodeBIU b HLR

Drift-
IU b RNC
to PSTN or
NodeB other PLMN
3G MSC / UMSC
CS Domain
Core Network

Iu

RNS RNS
Iur
Serving-RNC Drift-RNC

Iub Iub Iub Iub

Node B Node B Node B Node B

Uu

UE
RNS = Radio Network Subsystem
RNC = Radio Network Controller
UE = User Equipment
Channelization code is used to distinguish different physical
channels of one transmitter
For downlink, channelization code ( OVSF code ) is used to
separate different physical channels of one cell.
Example:
1. For voice service (AMR), downlink SF is 128, it means there
are 128 voice services maximum can be supported in one
WCDMA carrier
2. For Video Phone (64k packet data) service, WCDMA
downlink SF is 32, it means there are 32 voice services
maximum can be supported in one WCDMA carrier

Scrambling code is used to distinguish different transmitters

For downlink, scrambling code is used to separate different


cells in one carrier
Channelization code (Uplink): is used to separate different
physical channels of one UE

Scrambling Code (Uplink) : is used to separate different UEs in


one carrier
NodeB
INSTALLATION

Scenario 1
Launch 3G services on the basis of a 2G site
Outdoor
Outdoor macro
macro NodeB
NodeB

RRU
RRU

BBU
BBU
Application scenario 2
Launch a new 3G outdoor site without an equipment
room
Application scenario 3
Launching a new 3G outdoor site, the operator has no
equipment room or fiber resources.
NodeB parts
1. BBU ( Base Band Unit )

2. RRU ( Ramote Resource Unit ) /


RF Unit
WMPT (WCDMA Main Processing and
Transmission Unit)
- The control and transmission board that processes the
signals and manages the resources

WBBP (WCDMA Baseband Process Unit)


- Processes the baseband signals

UPEU (Universal Power and Power Interface Unit)


- in-charge of the power

UBFA (Universal BBU Fan unit Type A)


- Controls the fan speed and detects the temperature
NodeB Capacity
1. Power (Cell Level)
2. CE License (NodeB Level)
3. OVSF Code (Cell Level)