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Applied Software Project Management

Applied Software Project


Management
Software Project Planning

Andrew Stellman & Jennifer Greene


Applied Software Project Management

Who needs software?


Most software is built in organizations for
people with specific needs.
A stakeholder is a anyone who has an interest (or
stake) in the software being completed
A user is someone who will need to use the
software to perform tasks.
Sometimes stakeholders will be users; but often
the stakeholder will not use the software.
For example, a senior manager (like a CEO or CTO in a
company) will usually have a stake in the software that is
built (since it affects the bottom line), even if she wont
ever use it.

Andrew Stellman & Jennifer Greene


Applied Software Project Management

Who builds software?


Software is typically built by a team of
software engineers, which includes:
Business analysts or requirements analysts who
talk to users and stakeholders, plan the behavior
of software and write software requirements
Designers and architects who plan the technical
solution
Programmers who write the code
Testers who verify that the software meets its
requirements and behaves as expected

Andrew Stellman & Jennifer Greene


Applied Software Project Management

Project Management
The project manager plans and guides the
software project
The project manager is responsible for identifying
the users and stakeholders and determining their
needs
The project manager coordinates the team,
ensuring that each task has an appropriate
software engineer assigned and that each
engineer has sufficient knowledge to perform it
To do this well, the project manager must be
familiar with every aspect of software engineering

Andrew Stellman & Jennifer Greene


Applied Software Project Management

Identifying Needs
The project manager drives the scope
of the project.
The project manager should identify and
talk to the main stakeholder
The effective way to show stakeholders
that their needs are understood and that
those specific needs will be addressed is
with a vision and scope document

Andrew Stellman & Jennifer Greene


Applied Software Project Management

Vision and Scope Document


A typical vision and scope document follows an
outline like this one:
1. Problem Statement
a) Project background
b) Stakeholders
c) Users
d) Risks
e) Assumptions
2. Vision of the Solution
a) Vision statement
b) List of features
c) Scope of phased release (optional)
d) Features that will not be developed

Andrew Stellman & Jennifer Greene


Applied Software Project Management

Project Plan
The project plan defines the work that will be done on
the project and who will do it. It consists of:
A statement of work (SOW) that describes all work products
that will be produced and a list of people who will perform
that work
A resource list that contains a list of all resources that will be
needed for the product and their availability
A work breakdown structure and a set of estimates
A project schedule
A risk plan that identifies any risks that might be encountered
and indicates how those risks would be handled should they
occur

Andrew Stellman & Jennifer Greene


Applied Software Project Management

Statement of Work
The statement of work (SOW) is a detailed
description of all of the work products which
will be created over the course of the project.
It includes:
A list of features that will be developed
A description of each intermediate deliverable or
work product that will be built.
The estimated effort involved for each work
product to be delivered

Andrew Stellman & Jennifer Greene


Applied Software Project Management

Resource List
The project plan should contain a list of all
resources that will be used on the project.
A resource is a person, hardware, room or
anything else that is necessary for the project but
limited in its availability
The resource list should give each resource a
name, a brief one-line description, and list the
availability and cost (if applicable) of the resource

Andrew Stellman & Jennifer Greene


Applied Software Project Management

Estimates and Project Schedule


The project plan should also include estimates and a
project schedule:
A work breakdown structure (WBS) is defined. This is a list
of tasks which, if performed, will generate all of the work
products needed to build the software.
An estimate of the effort required for each task in the WBS is
generated.
A project schedule is created by assigning resources and
determining the calendar time required for each task.

Estimates and project schedules will be discussed in


detail in later slides.

Andrew Stellman & Jennifer Greene


Applied Software Project Management

Risk Plan
A risk plan is a list of all risks that threaten the
project, along with a plan to mitigate some or
all of those risks.
The project manager selects team members to
participate in a risk planning session:
The team members brainstorm potential risks
The probability and impact of each risk is estimated
A risk plan is constructed

Andrew Stellman & Jennifer Greene


Applied Software Project Management

Risk Plan Example

Andrew Stellman & Jennifer Greene