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INTRODUCTION:

Development of
the Social Teachings of the Church
OBJECT OF
SOCIAL DOCTRINES

Critical reflection on:


The existing social structures
& collective action
http://www.clickexist.com/2013/03/28/the-only-thing-necessary-for-the-triumph-of-evil-is-for-good-men-to-do-nothing-edmund-burke/
DIRECTED
TOWARDS:

Reform and
establishment of
new structures

Humanization of
structures:
justice, freedom,
human rights and
equality
DEVELOPMENT OF THE CHURCHS
UNDERSTANDING
OF HER SOCIAL MISSION
EARLY HISTORICAL
DEVELOPMENT

1.Bible: primary source


of catholic social ethics
O. T. CONCEPT OF
THE INDIVIDUAL:

Belongs to a
community.

Works for justice


within that
community.
Manifested in the concern for the poor: Anawim Widows,
Strangers, & Orphans.
OLD TESTAMENT

"Do not take advantage of a widow or an


orphan." Exodus 22:22

"During the seventh year, let the land lie


unplowed and unused. Then the poor
among your people may get food from it,
and the wild animals may eat what they
leave. Do the same with your vineyard and
your olive grove." Exodus 23:11
"Do not go over your vineyard a second time
or pick up the grapes that have fallen. Leave
them for the poor and the alien. I am the
LORD your God." Leviticus 19:10

"If there is a poor man among your brothers


in any of the towns of the land that the LORD
your God is giving you, do not be hardhearted
or tightfisted toward your poor brother."
Deuteronomy 15:7
"When you are harvesting in your field and
you overlook a sheaf, do not go back to get it.
Leave it for the alien, the fatherless and the
widow, so that the LORD your God may bless
you in all the work of your hands. When you
beat the olives from your trees, do not go over
the branches a second time. Leave what
remains for the alien, the fatherless and the
widow. When you harvest the grapes in your
vineyard, do not go over the vines again.
Leave what remains for the alien, the
fatherless and the widow."
Deuteronomy 24:19-21
"There will always be poor people in the land.
Therefore I command you to be openhanded
toward your brothers and toward the poor
and needy in your land." Deuteronomy 15:11

"Be careful not to harbor this wicked


thought: The seventh year, the year for
canceling debts, is near, so that you do not
show ill will toward your needy brother and
give him nothing. He may then appeal to the
LORD against you, and you will be found
guilty of sin." Deuteronomy 15:9
NEW TESTAMENT

"Jesus answered, If you want to be perfect,


go, sell your possessions and give to the poor,
and you will have treasure in heaven. Then
come, follow me.'" Matthew 19:21

"For I was hungry and you gave me


something to eat, I was thirsty and you gave
me something to drink, I was a stranger and
you invited me in." Matthew 25:35
"The Spirit of the Lord is on me, because He
has anointed me to preach good news to the
poor. He has sent me to proclaim freedom
for the prisoners and recovery of sight for
the blind, to release the oppressed." Luke
4:18

"So he replied to the messengers, Go back


and report to John what you have seen and
heard: The blind receive sight, the lame walk,
those who have leprosy are cured, the deaf
hear, the dead are raised, and the good news
is preached to the poor.'"
Luke 7:22
"If anyone has material possessions and sees
his brother in need but has no pity on him,
how can the love of God be in him? Dear
children, let us not love with words or
tongue but with actions and in truth."
1 John 3:17-18
The BIBLE
is an important source
of social ethics but:
deals with
a specific teaching;
MANS SALVATION.

Hence: not primarily


interested in
methodological and
systematic approach
towards social ethics.
2. First 1 Thousand
Years

movement towards:
systematic and
scientific
understanding of
relationship between:

secular and sacred

state and church


3. Early part of
the 2nd
Millennium:

The origin of
universities.
more systematic
and scientific
knowledge.
Saint Tomas Aquinas:

Provided a lasting
orientation for
catholic social
teaching

through: dialogue
with & incorporation
of

Aristotelian
perspectives
especially the
anthropological basis
for social ethics.
a. MAN AS A PERSON

an individual substance endowed with


knowledge, freedom and voluntariness.
b. MAN IS SOCIAL

Exists in multiple layers of relationships:


family, church, state, and
broader human communities
c. MAN IS
POLITICAL

Hence, the state is:


natural to man
basically good;
towards which
man is called to be
happy and
fulfilled.
The understanding of Justice is
in keeping with mans social nature:

Relationship between:

Individuals
Individuals and State
State and Individuals
4. 18TH AND 19TH
CENTURIES
GROWTH OF
ENLIGHTENMENT

Emphases:
Individual &
Human Freedom

That is totally cut-off


from relationship to God
and Gods law.
Affected Catholic
Social teaching and
Social life

the Catholic Church is


strongly opposed
to Enlightenment:
a. RELIGIOUS LIBERALISM

By extolling conscience and freedom of


individual believerthe individual was
separated from the important
relationship with the Church and
her teachings.
b. PHILOSOPHICAL
LIBERALISM

stressed freedom of
individual
and power of
human reason

divorced from any


relationship
with God.
c. POLITICAL
LIBERALISM

stressed the role


of individual citizens,
decisions made
by majority vote

without consideration
given to Gods law.
5. SECOND HALF OF
19TH CENTURY

Industrial Revolution

Gave rise to
economic questions:

Capitalism &
Exploitation of
Workers
Capitalism:
Economic
Liberalism

Allowed the
entrepreneur to
do whatever
he/she wants in
pursuit of profit
with no concern
for others
involved in the
enterprise.
6. 20TH CENTURY
CATHOLIC
FASCINATION
WITH THE
MIDDLE AGES

The middle ages


epitomized the
Christian ideal:
a. The social person in
an organic society.

b. All Christians were


united under one
true religion.

c. Kings and rulers


recognized their
obligation to God.

d. Social solidarity
marked the
economic
organization of the
society.
7. SOCIALISM

The modern socialist


movement had its
origin largely in the
working class
movement of the
late 19th century.

condemned
Capitalism and
Private Property.
Karl Marx:
Helped establish and
define the modern
socialist movement,

socialism implied the


abolition of:
money, market,
capital and labor as a
commodity.
Property and the
distribution of wealth
are subject to
social control:

DIRECT: exercised
through popular
collectives such as
workers councils.

INDIRECT: exercised on
behalf of the people
by the state.
In socialism,
the community
or worker own the
Means of production.

Means of production:
anything necessary for
labor to produce;
machines, tools, plant
and equipment, land,
raw materials, money,
power generation,
and so on.
Factors that Influenced Catholic response to
Economic and Political questions:

1. Sacred Scripture and Tradition


2. Response to the needs of workers
and poor people.
3. Attitude towards Enlightenment and Socialism
4. Catholic tendency to look
on the middle ages as the ideal life.
5. Revived interest
in the philosophy
and teachings of
Saint Thomas Aquinas
REFERENCES:

Curran, Charles E. Catholic Social Teaching, 1891-Present: A Historical,


Theological and Ethical Analysis (Washington: Georgetown University Press, 2