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Putu Eka Putri Darmiasih 1613071016
Riadhil Janna 1613071022
Ni Luh Putu Wiwik Wulandari 1613071032
Anil Yusuf 1613071021

Component Preparation

Pure Substances Mixture

Compused Of Compused Of

Compound Element Heterogen Homogen

Based on Phase Based on the Change

Solid Liquid Gas Fysical Chemical

Description of matter
Matter or substance is defined as everything having
mass and occupying as space. Thus, all objects
created by God in this nature are matters. Water, air,
rock, charcoal, salt, iron, and other object, including
our bodies are matter or substances.
Matter cannot always be seen, for example air. The
air is mass and occupying as space. The air
physically cannot be seen, but its existence can be
sensed. Thus, matter consists of solid, liquid, and gas
Pure Substance
Pure substances always has a definite and constant
composition and regardless of source,always has the
same properties under certain set conditions.
Compounds : Two or more elwments chemically
combined in fixed proportions
Elements :Not separable into simpler substance by
ordinary chemical means.
Mixture Subtance
Mixture are combinations of two or mor pure
substance in whicheach substance retains its own
Heterogeneus mixture are uniform in apprearance,the
separate ingredients in the mixture cannot be seen .
Homogeneus mixture uniform troughout
.Proportions of components can be varied
States Of Matter

1. Solid : Object such as ice cubes,pebles,books and most

household object we can think of occupy a fixe volume and
retain their shape no matter where they are located.
2. Liquids have a fixed volume but not fixed shape.The structural
particles of liquids are held together less tightlty than those
solids and liquids have considerabel freedom of motion
3. Gases maintain neither volume nor shape .The forces holding
their structural particles together are relatively weak and the
particles movefreely and completely fill whatever vessel
containst them

Physical change is a change in the material

that is not accompanied by the occurrence of a
new substance, do not change the substance of
its origin, only changes exist, changes shape
or size changes.
Chemical change
Chemical changes is a change that causes the
above-mentioned substance on a matter and
will form a new substance.

Elements:grouping ofa substancebased

on itsnutritionalproperties.
The symbol ofthe elementin
the formofa variety
oftoolsor objects

Symbol of the element

John Dalton

An example of the symbol of the element

according to Berzelius:
Symbol of the element the Carbon Element is symbolised C
Jons Jacob Berzelius Calsium Element symbolised Ca
Clorin Element symbolised Cl
Elements of Cobalt symbolised Co.
the element Nitrogen is symbolised N
the element Sodium symbolised Na
the element Neon symbolized Ne
Name of element taken from a place of
discovery ,and the name of the finder.
Example :
magnesium- PrefekturMagnesiadi
Nobelium Alfred Nobel
Roentgenium (Rg ) Wilhelm Roentgen
Rutherfordium (Rf) Ernest Rutherford
The wayof writings symbol element
The wayof writingofthese elementswith
the provisionstaken outthe first letter of
the name ofthe elementand is
writtenwith a capital letter.If there
aretwoelementsin the sameletterthe
front, thenthe otherelementsother
thanthe firstletter of thewearof
yesteryearthatare writtenwith a capital
letterfollowedone of thelower case
letterscontainedin the nameof element
Chemical Formula

The chemical formula is a concise way

that can provide information on the
comparison of the atoms that
constitute a particular chemical
compound. Chemical formulas made
up of molecular formula and the
formula structure.
Molecular Formula
The molecular formula is divided into 7 formula, namely:
Chemical formula for a molecule of Monatomic
Chemical formula for a molecule of Diatomic
Chemical formula for a Polyatomic Molecule elements
Chemical formula for a molecule Ionic compounds
Chemical formula for the binary compounds of Non-
metals and Non-metal
Chemical formula for organic compounds
Chemical Formula Of Anhydrous Compounds
Formula Structure

Structure of the formula is the formula

that describes the layout of the
bonding elements in a compound
Mass and Weight

mass is the amount of substance in an

object. the mass does not depend on
where the object is located.
While the weight is not constant, it
really depends where the object.
Separation and purification
Of Mixtures
1. Filtration
Separation by means of filtration aims to separate the solids
from the liquid substances in a mixture based on a comparison
of his form. The basic separation in this method is the difference
between particle size of dissolved substances and solvents
2. Distillation
The distillation or refining is a way the separation of a mixture
based on the difference in boiling points resolved into
components. So, distillation is used to separate a mixture of two
or more liquids having different boiling points.
3. Chromatography
Separation of mixture by means of chromatography based on
the difference in speed climbing between the particles of a
substance are mixed in a certain medium. Chromatography
separation example is water seepage on the walls that produce
lines with a certain distance.
4. Sublimation
Separation of mixture by means of sublimation is
done when the substance sublimes can, for example,
camphor, mixed with other substances that sublimes
cannot, such as charcoal.
5. Decantation
component separation mixture settles with which do
not precipitate. This separation is done by pouring
into a container of other components of the mixture
do not precipitate.
6. Extraction
the process of separation of components of a mixture
based on the difference in solubility of substances
dissolved in two kinds of solvents that are not
mutually dissolve.