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NORANIZA BINTI SABTU D20162075573


NOOR ADIBAH BINTI AZHAR D20161075552
NURUL AQILAH BINTI MOHAMAD D20162075574
YUSOFF

SIMULATION
DEFINITION OF SIMULATION
Simulation is the process of designing a model of a
real system and conducting experiments with this
model for the purpose of either understanding the
behaviour of the system or evaluating various
strategies for the operation of the system.
APPLICATION OF
SIMULATION
New product development

Airline reservation

Design and operation of manufacturing systems

Design and operation of distributing systems

Financial risk analysis

Health care applications


ADVANTAGES AND
DISADVANTAGES
ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES

1. New policies, operation procedures, 1. Model building requires special


information flows. training.
2. New hardware designs, physical 2. Vendors of simulation software have
layouts, transportation system. been actively developing packages that
contain models that only need input
3. Time can be compressed or (templates).
expanded 3. Simulation results can be difficult to
4. Insight can be obtained about interpret.
interaction of variables and important 4. Simulation modelling and analysis
variables to the performance. can be time consuming and expensive.
5. Bottleneck analysis can be performed 5. Simulation software have output
analysis.
6. A simulation study can help in
understanding how the system
operates.
STEP IN SIMULATION
Step 1: Problem Definition
Step 2: Design the study
Step 3: Design the conceptual model
Step 4: Formulate inputs, assumptions and process definition
Step 5: Build, Verify and validate the simulation model
Step 6: Conduct the Design of Experiments (DOE)
Step 7: Document and present the model
Step 8: Define the model life cycle
EXAMPLE OF SIMULATION : STELLA
SIMULATOR
Stella is a flexible computer modelling package with an easy,
intuitive interface that allows users to construct dynamic models
that realistically simulate systems.

The Results
Obtain By Using
Stella Simulator

Experiment: To
observe the
value of the palm
during and after
it reap with the
population of owl
(Burung Hantu)
and rat.
THE RESULT OBTAINED WHEN THE NUMBER OF RAT INCREASED. (24000,
10)
THE RESULT OBTAINED WHEN THE NUMBER OF RAT INCREASED. (9000, 10)
THE END, THANK YOU !