Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 66

CHAPTER-2

PLC TERMINAL TYPE PL-9500


(VER.01)
PLC TERMINAL TYPE PL-9500
(VER.01) Back View
2.1 General

This PLC terminal is suitable for transmission of


speech, data and protection signal.
It employs Amplitude Modulation Single Side
Band suppressed carrier transmission.
It is fully field programmable and can be tuned
to any frequency in steps of 1kHz in the range of
32 to 508 kHz.
It has a supervisory unit which facilitates easy
maintenance of the PLC terminal.
The system can be verified for proper working
through user-friendly LCD screen and key board.
2.2 Modules
2.2.1 VF Interface Unit:

It provides interface between carrier communication


equipment and speech equipment like PABX, EFGS, 2 wire
HOT LINE, REMOTE SUBSCRIBER TELEPHONE and Service
Telephone etc.
The service telephone is used for maintenance purpose.
It has a CALL SW (Push button switch) which is used to
initiate a service call and a built-in buzzer to indicate
reception of service call.
It provides various speech interfaces of 2W HOT LINE, 2-W
E&M, Direct Remote Subscriber, 4W E&M, Exchange mode
etc.
For each option there are different switch settings and
header settings (as per annexure 1 and 2).
It has break plugs for 2W,4W IN/OUT and
LEDs on the front panel. The detail of LEDs is
given below:-

Designation Colour Indicates Normal Remarks


status
a) 4-wire Yellow 4-W ON OFF status
operation indicates 2-
Wire
operation.
b) BUZ Red Call OFF ON status
Buzzer indicates
Status reception of
call.
c) JACK TEL Green Jack OFF ON status
Telephone indicates
status insertion of
jack tel.
plug in its
socket for
call
initiation.
V F IN T E R F A C E - P C L 9 5 0 0 (0 .1 )

V F I/F

4W M e a s u re
K B - 1 Ia ,1 b o n U P /U P o f V F X M T
C h. M odem
Feed 800H z S = -2 6 d B
-1 3 .5 d B /6 0 0 8 0 0 H z /6 0 0
4 W IN
H 3 - H 15

2W

VR 7
4W O U T K B -1 4 a ,4 b
VVVVVVV
Feed 800H z
-1 0 d B /6 0 0
BU Z B u z z e r O N /O F F
M e a s u re 8 0 0 H z A d ju s t m e n t
-1 7 d B /6 0 0
F ro m
C h. M odem
C ALL SW S = -1 0 d B
8 0 0 H z /6 0 0
JA C K TE L H 1 7 -H 2 6

K B - 1 2 a ,2 b

M e a s u re 8 0 0 H z
-1 3 .5 d B /6 0 0

JA C K TE L
2.2.2 Channel Modem

It translates VF to IF and IF to HF using Amplitude Modulation


single side band suppressed carrier technique.
Pilot signal (a continuous tone of 3.923 kHz) is generated in it
and is used for link supervision and AGC.
Signaling frequency of 3.825 kHz is also generated in this
Module and it is interrupted during dialing.
VF signal from VF Interface is passed through circuit consisting
of gain control, level adjustment, high pass filter (300 Hz),
compressor, low pass filter ( which can be either 2.0 kHz,
2.4 kHz or 3.4 kHz & accordingly DIU has also to be
either with BPF of 2160-3720 or 2640-3720 Hz), limiter
and summer Amplifier.
The summer amplifier mixes superimposed data, speech,
signaling and pilot tone and the output of it is fed to first
modulator; the IF carrier frequency of which is 4896 kHz.
The band pass filter of 4896-4900 kHz is used to pass upper
side band. This band is fed to the second transmit modulator.

The transmit carrier frequency can be programmed in the


range of 4392 kHz to 4864 kHz (with SW1 switch) so that HF
frequency can be programmed in the range of 32-508 kHz.
The upper side band is attenuated by using a low pass filter
before applying the HF signal to the HF amplifier.
The receiver section takes the input from the programmable
HF RX filter and the signal is applied to the receive HF
amplifier. After this the signal is demodulated from HF to IF.
The receive HF carrier frequency can be selected by switch
SW2.
Band pass filter rejects all other frequencies except the
desired band of 4896-4900 kHz.
This output goes to the IF amplifier which has built in AGC
circuitry. The second demodulator uses the 4896 kHz
carrier frequency to produce 0-4 kHz band.
A low pass filter (2.0 or 2.4 kHz) is used to prevent
superimposed data; pilot and signaling tones from
appearing at the VF (speech) receive side.
A notch filter of 3923 Hz (+/- 15 Hz) is used to separate
pilot from the combined VF receive signal.
A notch filter of 3825 Hz (+/-15Hz) filters out the signaling
tone. Rectification of this tone gives the dc level
corresponding to presence or absence of signaling tone.
This dc level is used to operate / release a relay (relay
contact) to give output on E-lead.
On the front plate, test points are provided for VF
transmit / receive, SID TX/RCV, PC IN/OUT and
Transmit/Receive pilot. The details of the LEDs and other
components are given on next slide
Sr. Designation Colour Indicates Normal Remarks
No. status

a) M Lead Yellow Tx ON OFF status indicates Tx


signaling signaling tone absent
status condition. Blinking
status indicates dialing
on the channel.
b) E lead Yellow Rx ON OFF status indicates Rx
signaling signaling tone absent
status condition. Blinking
status of the LED
indicates dialing on the
channel.
c) Loop Green Local OFF ON indicates system in
Loop local loop.
Test
mode.
d) AGC Red AGC loss OFF ON indicates absence of
condition. receive pilot i.e. AGC
loss.
e) S/N Red Signal to OFF ON indicates that S/N is
noise less than specified
ratio. limits.(15 db)
f) Muting Red Status of OFF ON indicates failure of
carrier any carrier generator.
generator.
LO O P
M e a s u r e O /P
M LEAD V R -2 2 /2 .4 k H z
o f V F I/F H e re
XM T ADJ 8 0 0 H z ,-2 6 d B /6 0 0
VF
Feed 800H z XM T
VF XM T -2 6 d B /6 0 0 XM T ADJ
S W - 1 T x C a r r ie r
To P o w e r
S ID T X V R -3 V R -4 A m p lifie r

VF XM T F ro m D IU
S ID
Tx
P C IN V R -6
S g 3825 H z
P 3923H z
T X P ilo t
V R -8
G N D

AG C T o V F I/F V R -1 5
S /N VF F ro m
VVVVVVV
M e a s u re 8 0 0 H z RC V HF RCV
M U T IN G
-1 0 d B /6 0 0 RC V ADJ F ilt e r
E LEAD
S W - 2 R x C a r rie r
RC V ADJ
T o D IU V R -11
S ID
VF R C V RC V VVVVVVV

S ID R C V

VF RC V
V F T r a n s m is s io n M o d e : H 6 ,H 1 0 (1 -2 )
H 23 (1 -2 ) K B 1 /5 A C om pander out
PC O U T
H 26 (2 -3 ) K B I/ 5 A - - N o E a r th C o m p a n d e r in
R C V P i lo t H -4 4 (1 -2 )= C o m p a n d e r o u t
C H M O D E M -P C L 9 5 0 0 (0 .1 ) H - 4 4 ( 2 - 3 ) = C o m p a n d e r in
2.2.3 Data Interface Unit:

It provides the interface for three VF data channels.


It comprises of superimposed Data multiplexer and
Demultiplexer and Transit Band-Pass filter.
After the data is combined, it enters the channel modem as SID-
TX (Trans Superimposed Data).
SID-RCV (Superimposed Receive Data) from channel modem is
passed through a low pass filter of 3720 Hz. This signal is then
fed to the HPF, which is dependent upon the upper cut-off
frequency option (2.0 kHz or 2.4 kHz) in channel modem. These
two filters form the TBF(2160-3720 or 2640-3720 Hz).
If the frequency of data signal falls in speech band then the TBF
has to be by- passed.
To achieve the desired data levels in transmit and receive path,
adjust the attenuator pads for respective data channel in the
DIU as per header positions given in the literature.
UUUU UU
UUUU
Tx 1

-1 4 d b m

UU UU
2 ,4 ,8 ,1 6 d B

UUUU UU
UUUU
S ID T x
TO C H . M O D E M
Tx 2

UU UU
2 ,4 ,8 ,1 6 d B

Tx 1
UUUU UU
UUUU UU UU
2 ,4 ,8 ,1 6 d B

D A TA IN T E R F A C E C A R D P C L 9 5 0 0 ( 0 1 )

m
UUUUUUUU
4
-1
b
d
TA
A
D ER
T
IN EA
C
A
F PC
D
R 00
5
9
L )
(1

m
4
-1
b
d
UUUU UU
UUUU

R x1
-1 4 d b m

UU UU

2 ,4 ,8 ,1 6 d B

HPF LP F
UUUU UU
UUUU

R x2 FRO M
UU UU

C H. M O D EM
2 ,4 ,8 ,1 6 d B 2280/2640Hz 3720Hz
UUUU UU
UUUU

R x3
UU UU

2 ,4 ,8 ,1 6 d B
K E W A L K R IS H A N A E T & C C E L L
2.2.4 Supervisory Unit:

It generates local loop test and remote loop test


command.
Alarms from individual cards are extended to this unit to
be displayed on the LCD. These alarms indicate the
presence/absence of various cards, muting condition, S/N
alarm etc.
It also displays the major and minor alarm in case of
system fault.
Two test generators of 800 Hz and 153 kHz are provided
for testing purposes. 800 Hz tone is used for checking
speech path and 153 kHz for checking the gain of power
amplifier.
The details of LEDs on the front plate of this unit
are given below:-

Sr. Designation Colour Indicates Normal Remarks


No. status

1. Health Green Supervisory Blinking Permanent ON/OFF


health indicates faulty condition.
status.
2. Major Red Major OFF On status indicates Major
Alarm alarm alarm (link failure)
condition
3. Minor Red Minor OFF ON status indicates a
Alarm alarm minor alarm though the
condition link is through.
4. TM Yellow System in OFF ON status indicates
test mode. system in Local Loop or
Remote Loop.
5. ACO Yellow Audio OFF On status indicates audio
alarm cut alarm has been cut off.
off status.
2.2.5 Power Amplifier Unit:

It amplifies the HF output from the channel modem before


it is transmitted to the line. (It has a gain of about 62 dB).
It has a reset switch which is used to reset the unit once
overload alarm disappears.
It has a Test Input in which 153 kHz (-24 dbm at 75 ohm)
from the supervisory unit is fed to check the gain of the
Amplifier.
The O/P MON Lamp should be on. The output of ch-
modem at J6 should be -45dB (pilot). If the lamp is still
not ON adjust H1-H2 in Power Amplifier or adjust VR2.
Gain increases on rotating it in anti clock wise direction.
If overload LED is ON, then output of channel Modem at
J6 has to be checked. If the levels are in excess they have
to be reduced from channel Modem.
There is a relay K3 in Power Amplifier which gets faulty. It
can be by passed to make the Power Amplifier functional.
The LED indications on the front panel of Power Amplifier
are given below:-

Sr. No. Designation Colour Indicates Normal Remarks


status.

1- PWR Green Power supply ON OFF status indicates loss


input of input supply.

2- O/P MON Green Output level ON OFF status indicates


output level in less than
the threshold level. (-51
db)

3- Overload RED Overload OFF ON status indicates power


amplifier overloaded
condition
} 75
2.2.6 Power Supply Unit:

The input 48V DC is connected to pin 8 and


48V DC RET wire to pin 1 of terminal block TB1.
(This terminal block is on the rear bottom side of
the PLC Terminal)
The PSU converts the input of 48V DC to +/-
36V for Power Amplifier and +/- 12V and 5V for
operation of other cards.
On the front panel monitoring points are
provided for input and all output supply voltages.
The details of the LEDs on the front plate of PSU
are as follows:-

Sr. Description Colour Indicates Normal Remarks


No. status

1. Power Green -48V ON OFF status


present indicates absence
status of input 48V.
2. I/P UV/OV Red -48V OFF ON status
Alarm status indicates input
48V is not within
specified range (-
40 to 60V)
3. O/P faulty. Red Output OFF ON status
Voltages indicates at least
Status. one output is
faulty or is out of
specified range.
P O W E R S U P P L Y U N IT

I n d ic a t e s 4 8 V
P W R (O N ) p re s e n t s ta tu s

I/P L /H (O F F ) 4 8 s ta tu s
( 4 0 to 6 0 )
O /P F A IL (O F F )

-4 8 V

-4 8 V R E T

+36V
-3 6 V R e q u ir e d f o r p o w e r A m p .
36V R ET
+12V
-1 2 V F o r o p e r a t io n o f o t h e r
+5V c a rd s o f P L C C

G N D
2.2.7 Tx HF Filter Module:

It receives the output from power Amplifier at HF IN and


gives out filtered signal at HF OUT which is fed to HF
HYBRID.
It is a BPF (Band Pass Filter) of 4 kHz bandwidth, the
frequency selection for which can be done as required.
There are two different modules, one for frequency band
(32-100 kHz) and other for 100-508 kHz.
The filter is designed for programmability at site. It is
made of two identical plates consisting of a coil and set of
capacitors. Coarse selection of frequency band is done by
selection of capacitors as per literature and fine
adjustment is done by coil.
H F T R A N S F IL T E R - - P C L 9 5 0 0 (0 1 )

H F T R A N S F IL T E R H F T R A N S F IL T E R

FR O M H F IN H F O UT
PO W ER TO
A M P L IF IE R H F H Y B R ID

S = +34dB S = +31dB
75 P = +17dB 75
P = +20dB
L1 L2 Sg = +20dB Sg = +17dB

H F IN HF O UT

1 ) H F F ilt e r h a s 2 id e n tic a l p la t e s c o n s is t in g o f a c o il a n d s e t o f c a p a c ito r s .


2 ) T h e s e p la t e s n a m e d L & R a r e o f d iffe r e n t ty p e , o n e s e t fo r f r e q u e n c y b a n d ( 3 2 - 1 0 0 k H z ) a n d o th e r f o r ( 1 0 0 - 5 0 8 k H z )
3 ) C o a r s e s e le c t io n o f f r e q u e n c y b a n d is d o n e b y s e le c t io n o f c a p c ito r s a s p e r lit e r a t u r e a n d f in e t u n n in g is d o n e b y
t h e c o ils .
2.2.8 HF Hybrid Unit:

The output of HF Filter is connected to the input of the


Hybrid through cable.
It provides isolation between transmit and receive
sections.
Its output is connected to the line.
Receive output from the hybrid is filtered by HF RCV
filter after proper level attenuation which is field
selectable.
It has a switch LINE/LOAD which switches the system to
Line or Dummy load.
It has MON measuring points where transmit level on
dummy load can be measured keeping SLM on high
impedance.
It has LEDs on the front plate, the details of
which are given below :-

S. Designation Colour Indicates Normally Remarks


No.

1. Line Green Output ON OFF status


connected indicates
to line. output of
system is not
connected to
line.
2. Load Red Output OFF ON status
connected indicates
to load output of the
system is
connected to
dummy load.
M O N
To L in e

P = F L + 3 .9 2 3 = + 1 7 d B
LO A D S g = F L + 3 .8 2 5 = + 1 7 d B
S p = F L + 0 .8 = + 3 1 d B
H 1 -H 1 0 D = F L + D a ta = + 1 3 d B
L IN E

To H F R C V F ilt e r

J -2

TO C h a n n e l M o d e m
2.2.9 HF Receive Filter:

The receive output from HF Hybrid passes through


this filter before entering the channel modem.
It is made of single card fitted in a box just below
the HF Hybrid
It is designed for programmability on site.
It can be programmed for any frequency band
within 32-508 kHz.
For the required frequency band, set the headers
on the card as per the table given in service
manual and tune the coils L1 and L2 for the fine
tuning.
H F T x F IT E R
L1 L2
UU U U U UU U U U H F Tx
UU UU
UU

UU UU
UU
P O W E R A M P.

75 10 10 75
UU UU

UU UU
T1
FRO M

UU U U U
L IN E
H F L IN E
AR 1 150

LO A D

T2
0 d B = 0 d Bm a t 6 0 0
0 d B = 6 d Bm a t 1 5 0 TO C H . M O D M
0 d B = 9 d Bm a t 7 5 HF RC V

75

15dB 16dB 2 ,4 ,8 ,1 6 d B 5 0 8 kH z HF RC V
H Y B R ID LPF F IL TE R
H F H Y B R ID LO S S (P ro g ra m m a b le )
BPF
2.2.10 Monitoring and Test Unit
(MTU):

The operation of this PLC terminal is configurable and


monitorable from a user friendly LCD display and
keypad provided on the front panel of the MTU.
Through this the user interacts with PL-9500 for the
following functions.
a. To display the status of the various alarms of the system.
b. To display as well as change the status of various loop backs
on the system.
the display unit displays the version of the PLCC
equipment in idle or in healthy condition of the system
and link.
On first keystroke, main menu will appear which has
Alarms, Status and Test Mode.
In Alarms Mode the status of various alarms or NO
ALARM condition, depending on whether the alarms are
present or not, are displayed.
In Status Mode, the software version and configuration of
the system (i.e. single channel/twin channel) is indicated
and the slots can also be monitored, Power Supply
Voltages, AGC level and PAMP output can also be
monitored.
In Test Mode, Local and Remote Loop Backs on channel-1
and channel-2 (for twin channel) for test purpose can be
achieved.
P O W E R A N D H F C A B L IN G - - P C L 9 5 0 0 (0 1 )

PO W ER

BLAC K

M C B
RED

H F BR EAK PLU G
O /P D C
O /P PO W ER I/P
F IL T E R

EARTH

H F E Q U P .S ID E

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
48V RTN -4 8 V H F L IN E S ID E

EARTH
H F L IN E
EARTH 48V RTN -4 8 V
FR O M
P IT
2.3 TEST REPORT

Station_________________________Opposite
Station______________________________
Transmit Frequency____________kHz
Receive Frequency____________ kHz.
Superimposed data________________Speech limit 2/2.4 kHz

Sr. Measurement of / Specified Observed Adjustment


No. at
1- D.C. Power
Supplies
i) Input Voltage -48V(-40 to 60) OK/NOT
OK
ii) Output Voltage a)+36V(+34.2 to OK/NOT
+37.8) OK
b)-36V(-34.2 to - OK/NOT
37.8) OK
c)+12V(11.4 to 12.6) OK/NOT
OK
d)-12V(-11.4 to OK/NOT
12.6) OK
e)+5V(4.75 to 5.25) OK/NOT
OK
2- Oscillator frequency

Measure the frequency a) 800Hz (800+/-2Hz) OK/NOT OK


and level at 2W and (-10+/-0.5dB at 2W)
4W sockets on
supervisor module.

b) 800Hz (800+/-2Hz) OK/NOT OK


(-13.5+/-0.5dB at 4W)
3- Transmit speech
level
measurement.

2W

Feed 800Hz ,-10dB, -26+-0.5 dB H3-H15


600 Ohm tone from (VF-
supervisory unit at Interface)
2W socket
(down/down) on VF
Interface and
measure at VF
XMT (UP/UP) of
channel modem.

4W

Feed 800 Hz, -13.5 -26+-0.5dB H3-


dB, 600 Ohm tone H15(VF-
from supervisory Interface)
card at 4W IN
socket
(down/down) on VF
Interface and
measure level at
VFXMT (UP/UP)
of channel modem.
4- HF output level of
channel modem.

i) Pilot (fL+3.923 -45 dB VR6 (ch.


kHz) Modem)
ii) Signalling (fL -45 dB VR8 (Ch.
+3.825 kHz) Modem)
iii) Speech (fL +0.8 -41 dB VR2/XMT
kHz)feed speech as /VR3 Adj
per (3) (Ch.
Modem)
iv) Data (fL+ -49 dB/-45 dB H2-H9
3.0kHz){Feed 3000 See note. (DIU)
Hz,-14dB, 600 ohm
data tone at TXI
socket
(down/down) on
DIU}
v) Data (fL +3.0 -49 dB/-45 dB H10-H17
kHz)feed as per 4 See note. (DIU)
(iv) at TX2
vi) Data (fL +3.0 kHz) -49 dB/-45 dB H18 -25
feed as per 4 (iv) at See note. (DIU)
TX3.
Note:-
The levels at Sr. No.4 (iv), (v) & (vi) are applicable in case of single data tone. If
there are two data tones, then the levels are reduced by 1 dB or 2 dB each. In case
there are all the three data tone,s the levels are further reduced by 1 dB or 2 dB each.

5- HF output levels on
dummy load.

Measure the following


HF levels on dummy
load (UP/UP of HF
break plug) (Keep SLM
impedance to 150 Ohm.)
or at MON of HF
Hybrid with its switch on
LOAD side. These
levels are for 20W PLC
Terminals. In 40W PLC
terminals all levels are
increased by 3 dB more.

i) Pilot (fL +3.923 kHz) + 17dB


ii) Signalling (fL +3.823 +17 dB
kHz)
iii) Speech (fL +0.8 kHz) + 21 dB
iv) Data (fL +D kHz) +13 dB (can be upto +17
D=data frequency dB depending upon line
section/line condition)
6- HF output levels on
line.
Measure the following
HF levels on line
(SLM on High
impedance)
i) Pilot +17 dB The levels at
ii) Signalling +17 dB (5) and (6)
iii) Speech +21 dB will be same
iv) Data +13 dB / +17dB if impedance
offered by
HF cable
and outdoor
equipment is
150 ohm
otherwise
the levels at
(6) will be
different
from the
levels at (5).
7- HF Receive level on Should be normally
line. more than 10dB.
8- HF receive level
measurement.

Measure the
following levels on
HF RCV on HF
Hybrid.
Pilot -49 +/-1dB Attenuator
(H1-H10)
in HF
Hybrid.
9- Measure the HF Pilot -52+/- 1dB HF Rx filter
signal at J2 (output of loss is
HF RX filter) normally 4/5
dB. If loss is
more then
retuning of
filter is
required.
10- Receive Speech
Measurement.

i) Measure the O/P speech -10 dB VR15/ RCV


level at 600 Ohm at VF Adjust
RCV socket (down/down) (Channel
on Channel Modem card. Modem)
(Speech fed from 800Hz Tx speech at
oscillator in supervisory opposite
card of opposite station). station is to be
adjusted
before this
measurement
ii) Measure the O/P speech -13.5 dB H 17-H28
level at 600 Ohm at 4W (VF interface)
out socket (down/down)
on VF I/F card (If terminal
is in for 4W speech
mode).
iii) Measure the O/P speech -17 dB H17-H28 (VF
level at 600 Ohm at 2W Interface)
socket (down / down)on
VF I/F card (If terminal is
in 2W speech mode).
11- Automatic Gain Variation in VF VF Pilot Rx level
Control. should be within +/- RCV PILOT on
1dB for change in Channel Modem
pilot level from 38to should be within +/-
78 dB at HF RCV dB of -20 dB.
on HF HYB Module.
12- Receive data
measurement.

i) Measure the O/P data -14 dB H28-H35 (DIU)


at 600 Ohm at RXI
socket (down/down) on
DIU {data tone of 3000
Hz, -14dB fed at
TX1(down/down) of
DIU at opposite
station}.
ii) Data receive at RX2 -14dB H36-H43 (DIU)
socket (feed at TX2 of
oppsite end).
iii) Data receive at RX3 -14dB H44-H51 (DIU)
socket. (feed at TX3
of opposite end )
2.4 Local Loop Test:

Switch HF hybrid card to load.


By- pass the HF RX filter (if required).
Ensure that the switch provided on the
Supervisory Unit is towards CHL 1.
Press the Local Loop Switch provided on the
Supervisory Unit for 10 seconds. This switches
the receive frequency equal to the transmit
frequency. A part of output power is tapped and
fed to receiver. This causes local loop.
Press CALL SW on VF interface. Buzzer should
come ON.
Feed in a test tone of 800 Hz, -13.5 dB at 600
Ohm. in 4W IN socket (down / down) in VF
Interface module from Supervisory Unit. Check
the Receive Level at 4W OUT Socket
(down/down) on VF Interface. It should be 13.5
dB.
Feed in data signal of (say 3000 Hz.) -14dB at
600 Ohm in TX1 socket (down/down) of DIU and
measure at RX1 socket of DIU (down/down). It
should be 14dB.
During this test, all VF interfaces are
disconnected including E and M wires.
2.5 Service Telephone Test:

Insert jack telephone in 5 pin socket at VF


interface. Green LED marked "Jack Telephone"
will glow.
Press Call-SW, the buzzer at other end operates
and RED LED (BUZ) will glow. A ring back tone
is heard at the calling end.
When the called party answers by inserting jack
phone in corresponding socket, RBT is stopped
and conversation can proceed. The operation of
buzzer can be adjusted by VR7 in VF Interface.
2.6 Remote Loop Test:

The system can be looped back from far end on


VF side by initiating commands at near end.
Both systems are disconnected from interfacing
units like exchange or telephones during this
test.
During Remote loop test, at remote end RXI gets
connected to TXI in data interface unit in
addition to 4W-OUT looping to 4W-IN.
2.7 Important points :-

In case of a single data tone, the data level is


normally 4 dB less than the pilot level on line i.e.
P=17 dB, D=+13 dB.
If there are 2 data tones, then D1=+12/+11 dB,
D2=+12/+11dB.
If there are 3 data tones then D1=+10 dB,
D2=+10 dB, D3 = +10 dB against P= +17dB
on line. However, the setting of data tone level
with reference to the pilot tone level is a matter
to be decided depending upon the link
requirements.
DIU module should not be blindly changed
because of the presence of band pass filter of
different bands (2280-3720, 2640-3720).
For exclusive data (no speech) KB2 is used. In this case
H6, H10 (2-3 short) and on H23, H26(2-3 short) has to
be ensured in Channel Modem. DIU is redundant in this
case.
In DIU Band Pass Filter TBF has to be by-passed by
putting short J3 (14)-H27 (1) in DIU if the data tone is
out of the TBF band.
For exclusive Datas PLC terminals signaling tone can be
stopped (by putting earth at M 3b-KB1) so that Power
Amplifier is not loaded.
Compander can be switched out of circuit by earthing 5a
at KB1 (compander control).
If KB1-5a is not earthed, then compander can be
switched out of circuit by H44 (1-2) and switched in the
circuit by H44(3-4) in Channel Modem. In headers,
point-1 is indicated by a dot.
2.8 If the output of channel modem at J6 is as
specified but the levels are low at dummy load,
then pilot level should be measured at the output of
power amplifier.For this:

Switch off the PLC terminal and remove the cable


connecting power amplifier to HF filter.
Switch ON the PSU and check the output of power
amplifier at BNC connector provided on the front plate of
Power Amplifier (levels have to be measured keeping level
meter impedance at 75 Ohm). Pilot level should be +20dB.
Switch OFF PSU and connect the cable removed in step (a)
above. Now remove the cable connecting HF filter output
to the input of HF Hybrid unit.
Connect SLM (impedance at 75 Ohm) at BNC of HF filter-
OUT.
Measure the pilot level. It should be +17dB (as nominal
loss of filter is around 3dB).
Switch OFF PSU, connect HF filter to HF Hybrid. Take out
HF break plug. Set the level meter at 150 Ohm
impedance and connect at UP/UP of HF break plug.
The pilot level at HF break plug at dummy should be +17
dB (as loss of HF Hybrid is 0.5 dB). Alternatively, measure
at MON of HF Hybrid with switch on LOAD side.
Switch off the PSU connect HF break plug to connect the
system to the HF line.
Measure the level on line. The level on line will be same
as level on dummy load if proper impedance matching
between PLC Terminal and HF cable/outdoor equipment.
Otherwise the level will be slightly lower than the level at
dummy load (say by 2 to 3 dB).
If level on line is higher than the dummy load level by 5-6
dB, then the HF cable is not connected to either PLC
terminal or the outdoor equipment.
Annexure-1
VF Interface Unit (Header (Settings)

S. Description Designation Status


No.
1. 2W Hot Line Mode H29, 30, 34, 38, 1-2
H42, 43(SMD) Short
H35, 36, 37, 39, 40, 41 2-3

2. 4W E&M Mode H1, 2, 36, 38 1-2


H34 2-3

3. 4W Exp. Mode H38 1-2


H1, 2 2-3

4. Direct Remote Subscriber Mode H29, 30, 37, 38, 39, 40 1-2
H35, 36 2-3

5. Exchange Mode H35, 39, 40 1-2


H29, 30, 34, 37, 38 2-3

6. 2W E&M H35, 36, 41 1-2


H29, 30, 34, 38 2-3
H44 (1-2) Compander in.
H44 (2-3) Compander out.
Annexure-2

SWITCH SETTINGS
VF Interface Unit for various signaling modes :-

a) 2W Hot Line / Subscriber

Switch Position Status


SW2 1 ON
2 ON
3 OFF
4 OFF
SW3 1 OFF
2 ON
3 OFF
4 ON
SW4 1 ON
2 ON
3 ON
4 ON
SW5 1 ON
2 OFF
3 OFF
4 OFF
b) 2W/4W E&M
All positions on switches SW2, SW3, SW4 and SW5 to be kept OFF
c) 4W Express

Header Position
H1 2-3
H2 2-3
All other positions on switches SW2, SW3, SW4 & SW5 to be kept OFF
except SW2 (3-6).
d) Direct Remote Subscriber (Exchange end).

Switch Position Status


SW2 1 OFF
2 OFF
3 OFF
4 ON
SW3 1 ON
2 OFF
3 ON
4 OFF
SW4 1 OFF
2 OFF
3 OFF
4 OFF
SW5 1 OFF
2 ON
3 ON
4 ON
Annexure-3

PARAMETER ADJUSTMENTS
VF Interface Unit:

POT/SWITCH -- PARAMETER TO BE ADJUSTED

VR7 -- Buzzer ON/OFF adjustment.


Channel Modem Unit:

POT/SWITCH -- PARAMETER TO BE ADJUSTED

VR2 -- Fine adjustment of TX speech level.


VR3 -- Combined speech and SID level adjustment.
VR6 -- Adjustment for signaling level. (Tx)
VR8 -- Adjustment for pilot level. (Tx)
VR4 -- Combined speech, SID, signaling and pilot
level adjustment.
VR15 -- Fine adjustment of receive speech level.
VR11 -- Superimposed data RCV level adjustment.
VR12 -- E lead (signaling RCV) cut-off adjustment.
VR7 -- E-lead make-break ratio adjustment.
VR14 -- AGC alarm adjustment.
(Factory setting)
VR16 -- AGC adjustment.(Factory setting)
VR13 -- S/N alarm adjustment.
SW1, SW2 -- Set as per requirement according to the
switch setting chart provided in the manual.
Power Amplifier:

POT/SWITCH -- PARAMETER TO BE ADJUSTED

VR2 -- Gain adjustment.


VR1 -- Gain adjustment.
PUNCOM PLCC LINKS : DAILY MONITORING FORM

ITEM LOCATION HEALTHY ALARM


CONDITION
MAJOR ALARM FRONT PANEL OFF ON
MINOR ALARM FRONT PANEL OFF ON
OVERALL HEALTH SUPERVISORY UNIT BLINKING OFF
O/P MONITOR PA UNIT ON OFF
OVERLOAD LED PA UNIT OFF ON
AGC LED CHANNEL MODEM OFF ON
S/N LED CHANNEL MODEM OFF ON
MTU DISPLAY FROM PANEL CHECK FOR PA O/P, AGC, DIFFERENT DC
VOLTAGE
Powering the link : PCL-9500(01)

Check that input 48V DC is connected to pin 8 of the terminal block


TB1 and 48V DC RET wire to pin 1 of the terminal block TB1
Check that AC is connected
Check that HF break plug is connected.
Check that the safety earth and the signal earth are connected
properly.
Check that all the required units are present
Check that HF RX Filter is connected between HF RCV from HF
Hybrid and the HF RCV of Channel Modem.
Switch on the PSU.
Check that all alarms on all the units are OK.
Verify the alarm status on the LCD
Verify the loop back status
Communicate with the remote end operature over service telephone.
P U N C O M - R S U W IT H P L C C T E R M IN A L (N O N - P U N C O M )
A B B - E TL 4 2 (e x a m p le )
G EN ERAL X-3 0 6

2a
4 W Tx 4 W Tx (IN ) 4 W Tx (IN )
2b

M M M 9a
(+ 1 2 /- 1 2 V )
N o rm a lly - 1 2 V
2W

4W Rx 4 W R x (O U T)

3a
E E 4 W R x (O U T)
3b
-4 8 V
G ND E 10a

R S U (P U N C O M ) P L C - TE R M IN A L
(N O N - P U N C O M ) 8a
9b (F O R 4 W )
N o te : 10b
R S U is n o t re q u ire d f o r P U N C O M P L C C Te rm in a l a s th is t e rm in a l c a n b e m a d e
re m o te s u s c rib e r b y f e w s e ttin g in V F In t e rf a c e m o d u le .
P U N C O M R S U W IT H P U N C O M E P A X

4 W Tx 4W Rx

M E
(- 4 8 V )

2W

4W Rx 4 W Tx

E M
(- 4 8 V )

R S U (P U N C O M ) E P A X (P U N C O M )