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CABF PED/SPV

N 05/038

Chinese Legislation system of safety


supervision on special equipment

LI JUN

General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of


the P.R China AQSIQ
Short relevant biography
- AQSIQ (since 2001)
SESA
official, boiler and pressure vessel
aspects

- CSEI (1999-2001)
Engineer, boiler and pressure vessel
in-service inspection and conformity
assessment

- Master of thermal dynamic engineering


in 1999
LI JUN

lijun@aqsiq.gov.cn (China)
jun.li@cec.int.eu (EC)
++86 10 8226 2248 (Beijing)
++32 (0) 22957403 (Brussels)

Legislation system of safety 2


supervision on special equipment
Chinese Legislation system of safety supervision on special equipment

Legal Basis
Framework of Legislation System
Safety Technical Codes ( STCs)

Legislation system of safety 3


supervision on special equipment
Legal Basis

Existing Legal Basis (New Regulations)

- Regulations on Safety Supervision of Special


Equipment , promulgated by Decree No.373 of the State

Council of the P.R. China on March 11, 2003

Old legal Basis

- Regulations on Safety Supervision of Boilers and


Pressure Vessels, promulgated by the State Council of the
P.R. China on February 6, 1982

Legislation system of safety 4


supervision on special equipment
Legal Basis

Either existing or old legal basis establishes the general


and principal requirements/provisions with which all
parties concerned should comply in the scope governed
by the Regulations.

Seven stages are involved


design, manufacture, installation, alternation,
maintenance and repair, in-service, inspection and test

Legislation system of safety 5


supervision on special equipment
Legal Basis-New Regulations

Objective of the New Regulations


- strengthen safety supervision of Special Equipment
- Prevent and reduce accidents
- Safeguard safety of peoples lives and property
- Promote economic development

Scope of the New Regulations


Special equipment refers to boilers, pressure vessels, pressure
pipelines, elevators, lifting appliances, passenger ropeways and
large amusement devices

Legislation system of safety 6


supervision on special equipment
Scope of the New Regulationsboilers

Legislation system of safety 7


supervision on special equipment
Scope of the New Regulationsboilers

- pressure-bearing steam boiler with volume no less than 30


litres

- pressure-bearing hot water boiler with outlet water pressure no


less than 0.1Mpa (gauge pressure) and rated power no less
than 0.1MW

- organic fluid boiler

Legislation system of safety 8


supervision on special equipment
Scope of the New Regulations Pressure Vessels

Legislation system of safety 9


supervision on special equipment
Scope of the New Regulations Pressure Vessels

- Pressure vessel refers to enclosed equipment which is capable of


holding gas or liquid and carrying a certain pressure.

- It ranges from stationary vessel or transportable vessel for


gas or liquefied gas whose maximum working pressure is no less
than 0.1MPa ( gauge pressure) and the P.V is no less than
2.5MPa.L or for liquid whose maximum working temperature is no
less than its standard boiling point,

- Gas cylinder for gas or liquefied gas whose nominal working


pressure is no less than 0.2Mpa and the P.V is no less than
1.0MPa.L or for liquid whose standard boiling point is no more
than 60
- Hyperbaric oxygen chamber

Legislation system of safety 10


supervision on special equipment
Scope of the New Regulations Pressure pipelines

Legislation system of safety 11


supervision on special equipment
Scope of the New Regulations Pressure pipelines

- Pressure pipeline refers to pipe-shaped equipment which is


capable of transmitting gas or liquid under certain pressure
- It is used to transmit gas, liquefied gas, steam medium whose
maximum working pressure is no less than 0.1Mpa (gauge
pressure),

- or liquid media which are flammable, explosive, toxic, corrosive


and whose maximum working temperature is no lower than the
standard boiling point and whose nominal diameter is larger than
25mm

Legislation system of safety 12


supervision on special equipment
Scope of the New Regulations elevators or lifts

Legislation system of safety 13


supervision on special equipment
Scope of the New Regulations lifting appliances

Legislation system of safety 14


supervision on special equipment
Scope of the New Regulations passengers ropeway

Legislation system of safety 15


supervision on special equipment
Scope of the New Regulations Large amusement devices

Legislation system of safety 16


supervision on special equipment
New Regulations

What is Safety Supervision of Special


Equipment
- Totality of governmental activities concerning organization,
measures, control, market surveillance etc in fields of Special
Equipment ,which are carried out by competent governmental
bodies

Instruments:
- Legislations system
- establishment of licensing system
- establishment of regional authorities and inspection bodies
- implementation of supervision and examination

Legislation system of safety 17


supervision on special equipment
New Regulations

inspection personnel
qualification
design

inspection body manufacture


approval

licensing system

operaters install and


certificaion alternation

service gas cylinder


registration filling

Legislation system of safety 18


supervision on special equipment
New Regulations
3.

AQSIQ

SESA CSEI Provincial


authority

Local Local
authority inspection
body

Institutional structure for governmental bodies and inspection bodies

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supervision on special equipment
Legislation system

Framework of Legislation system


- 4 levels

- higher level is supported and complemented by the level


very under it

- 1st level is the ultimate basis for other levels

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supervision on special equipment
Legislation system

What are the four levels


- 1st level the New Regulations 1

- 2nd level the supervisory regulations


or rules 2
- 3rd level the Safety Technical
Codes( STCs)
3

- 4th level the supportive standards


4

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supervision on special equipment
Legislation system

Features of each level


- 1st level is the New Regulations, which is the ultimate base of
the legislation system and promulgated by the State Council

- 2nd level represents the specific regulations and rules which


establish purely supervisory requirements in the field of special
equipment, which are drafted and adopted and
promulgated ,generally, in form of decree by AQSIQ

e.g.: Supervision Administration Regulation for Manufacture of


Boiler and Pressure Vessel

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supervision on special equipment
Legislation system

- 3rd level represents the STCs, which are specific


regulations or rules, even procedures
e.g. Safety Technical Supervision Regulations on steam boilers

- 4th level represents the relevant standards, which


support STCs in mandatory or voluntary manner
depending on the forms of their reference made in STCs.
Direct/ Indirect reference : mandatory/voluntary
e.g. GB150, GB151, JB4730

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supervision on special equipment
Safety Technical Codes

Legal Status
Article 10 and 44 of the New Regulations gives STCs legal
status
What is STCs
STCs are specific regulations or rules, which provided for the essential
requirements in detail concerning the phases of design, production,
inspection, installation, alternation etc. All manufacturers and
installers or end users are obliged to meet the essential requirements
set by STCs in question.

In principle, the STCs are prepared for each kind of special equipment.

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supervision on special equipment
Safety Technical Codes

Role of STCs
- elaboration of the requirements provided in the New
Regulations

- establishment of the concrete and essential requirements for


which manufacturers and installers as well as other partied
involved must fulfill

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supervision on special equipment
Safety Technical Codes
Development of STCs
- STCs are not prepared by AQSIQ, actually, it is CSEI, Centre of Special
Equipment Inspection and Research, an independent organization
specialized in the area of conformity assessment, special equipment
inspection and relevant research, who prepares the STCs.

- AQSIQ entrusts CSEI with the preparation of STCs by issuing a mandate

- The Special Equipment Safety Technical Board (STB) comprising


competent experts in different sectors is responsible for the adoption of
STCs

- AQSIQ approves and issues the STCs after the adoption by the STB above

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supervision on special equipment
Safety Technical Codes

Procedure of the Development of the STCs

1. A mandate is drawn up by AQSIQ, following consultation with


relevant parties.
2. The mandate is transmitted to CSEI.
3. CSEI accepts the mandate and organizes a working group to draft.
4. A working group organizes by CSEI elaborates the STCs.
5. CSEI and the working group organize a public enquiry.
6. The working group considers comments.
7. CSEI transmits STCs to STB for adoption.
8. AQSIQ approvals and issues the STCs.

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supervision on special equipment
Safety Technical Codes

List of Safety Technical Codes for boiler sector

1. Supervision Administration Regulation for Manufacture of Boiler and Pressure


Vessel
2. Requirements for Boiler and Pressure Vessel Manufacture Licensing
3. Technical Safety Supervision Regulation for Steam Boilers
4. Technical Safety Supervision Regulation for hot water Boilers
5. Technical Safety Supervision Regulation for Organic Fluid Heaters
6. Technical Safety Supervision Regulation for Small and Atmospheric hot water
boilers ( in revision)
7. Rules for Supervision Inspection on Boiler and Pressure Vessel
8. Rules for periodical inspection on in-service Boiler
9. Rules for boiler design documents appraisal
10. Administration Regulation for registration of Boiler and Pressure vessel for
putting into service
11. Rules on examination of the qualification of welder of welding operators for
boiler and pressure vessel and pressure pipelines

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supervision on special equipment
Safety Technical Codes

Safety Technical Codes for Pressure Pipelines sector

1. Safety Supervision Regulation for Pressure Pipelines in


developing
2. Regulation for manufacture licensing for Components of
Pressure pipelines in revision
3. Regulation for design licensing for Pressure pipelines in
revision
4. Rules for the Supervision Inspection for Pressure pipelines
installation
5. Rules for the periodical inspection for in-service industry
pipelines
6. Administration Regulation for registration of Pressure pipelines for
putting into service

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supervision on special equipment