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AIR CONDITIONING

TEKNIK KENDARAAN RINGAN


TINGKAT XII SEMESTER 6
KOMPETENSI KEJURUAN
SK-KD 19TH
DIAGRAM ALUR PENCAPAIAN KOMPETENSI
OUTLINE OF CAR AIR
CONDITIONER
MAIN PARTS IN ENGINE
COMPARTMENT
MAIN PARTS IN PASSENGER
COMPARTMENT

SD0008
CONTROL PANEL
TYPES OF CAR AIR CONDITIONER
FRONT AIR CONDITIONER
REAR AIR CONDITIONER (COOLER)
Overhead Dual Air Conditioner
CLASSIFICATION ACCORDING TO
CONTROL SYSTEMS

A. Manual Air
Conditioner

B. Automatic Air
Conditioner
PRINCIPLE OF COOLING

Menguap
EVAPORATION AND ABSURPTION OF
HEAT
THE CHANGE OF SHAPE
PRINCIPLE OF AIR CONDITIONING
EQUIPMENT
PRINCIPLE OF AIR CONDITIONING
EQUIPMENT
A/C MOBIL PRINCIPLE
EKSPANSI & PENGEMBUNAN
PENGUAPAN REFRIGERANT
50 oC 15
kg/cm2
0 oC 2,1 80 oC 15
kg/cm2 kg/cm2

Comp.
Expansion
Valve Panas
50 oC 15
0oC 2,1 kg/cm2
kg/cm2

Panas
Compressor Condenser

Receiver
BAGAIMANA MENGEMBUNKAN GAS R 134a MENJADI
CAIRAN
REFRIGERATION CYCLE
AC CYCLE

High-Temperature/High-Pressure
Gas

High-Temperature/High-
Pressure
Vapor

Low-Temperature/Low-Pressure
Liquid

Low-Temperature/Low-Pressure
Gas
REFRIGERANT CHARACTERISTICS
FUNDAMENTAL OF HEATING
FUNDAMENTAL OF HEATING
FUNDAMENTAL OF HEATING
CAR AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEMS
OUTLET AIRFLOW CONTROL
FRESH/RECIRCULATED AIR INTAKE
CONTROL
FRESH/RECIRCULATED AIR INTAKE
CONTROL
PURIFICATION
HUMIDITY CONTROL
OUTLET AIR TEMPERATURE
CONTROL
Air Mix
System
OUTLET AIR TEMPERATURE
CONTROL
Reheat
System
AIR OUTLET CONTROL
DAMPER TYPES
DAMPER TYPES
COMPRESSOR

Responsible for pumping refrigerant through the air


conditioning system and increasing the pressure of incoming
refrigerant gases. Located under the hood. Belt driven.
Problems with inadequate lubrication inside the compressor
are the cause of excessive wear, contamination and the
spread of particles throughout the A/C system.
COMPRESSOR
CRANKSHAFT TYPE COMPRESSOR
CRANKSHAFT TYPE COMPRESSOR
SWASH PLATE TYPE COMPRESSOR
VARIABLE CAPACITY
COMPRESSOR
WOBBLE TYPE COMPRESSOR
WOBLE PLATE TYPE COMPRESSOR
SCROLL TYPE
COMPRESSOR
SCROLL TYPE
COMPRESSOR
Operation
Principle
THROUGH VANE TYPE COMPRESSOR
THROUGH VANE TYPE COMPRESSOR
SLIDING VANE TYPE COMPRESSOR
SLIDING VANE TYPE COMPRESSOR
THROUGH VANE TYPE COMPRESSOR
THROUGH VANE TYPE COMPRESSOR

Variable
Operation
VARIABLE CAPACITY COMPRESSOR
EXTERNAL VARIABLE CAPACITY CONTROL
MAGNETIC CLUTCH

Tertarik Electromagnet
Gaya tarik

Switch
Besi
(I) Besi
(II)
Battery

Pressure plate Pulley Stator


Clutch rotor
Stator coil

Clutch stator

Clutch pulley
CLUTCH TIPE P
MANIFOLD

Connects the suction and discharge lines to the


compressor.
Metal particles adhering to the internal walls are
evidence of system-wide contamination.
CONDENSER

Heat exchanger responsible for changing refrigerant from a


high-pressure gas state to a high-pressure liquid state through
principles of condensation. Located in front of radiator. The
small passages inside the condenser are very susceptible to
clogging from the particles that enter under high pressure.
CONDENSER
CONDENSER TYPE
CONDENSER TYPE
SUB-COOL CONDENSER
SUB-COOL CONDENSER
SUB-COOL CONDENSER
SUB-COOL CONDENSER
CONDENSER COOLING
LIQUID LINE

Moves the high-pressure liquid through the system.


Particles frequently cling to the interior walls and
catch other particles as they flow through.
ORIFICE TUBE

Responsible for regulating refrigerant flow to the


evaporator and changing refrigerant pressure from high
to low. Located under the hood.
ACCUMULATOR

Responsible for storing excess refrigerant not utilized by


evaporator, filtering contaminants out of refrigerant and
removing any moisture that is in system. Located under
the hood. Due to the concentrations of particles that are
trapped here, the accumulator frequently requires
replacement.
RECEIVER / DRYER

UNTUK HFC 134a UNTUK CFC 12

In Sight Glass
Receiver
Tube Out

Desiccant
dirubah
Zeolite Silicagel Dryer

Desiccant
Melt Bolt
(dihilangkan) Bolt Filter

Melt Metal (Timah spesial)


SIGHT GLASS
EXPANSION VALVE
EXPANSION VALVE (TIPE ZFC)

TIPE INTERNAL EQUALIZING TIPE EXTERNAL EQUALIZING

Diaphragm Capilary tube


Diaphragm Capilary tube

Equalizer pipe
Tekanan Equalizer circuit
Spring
Tekanan
Spring

Valve

Refrigerant inlet Refrigerant inlet

Pipa evaporator Pipa evaporator

Daerah uap jenuh

Daerah uap jenuh Daerah panas lanjut (L)


Daerah uap jenuh Daerah panas lanjut (L)

Pf = Tekanan gas didalam sensing bulb. Cairan


Ps = Gaya spring Gas
Pe = Tekanan didalam evaporator

CA41-25
REFRIGERANT VOLUME ADJUSTING
BOX TYPE EXPANSION VALVE
EXPANSION VALVE
EVAPORATOR

http://www.azmobileair.com/

Responsible for changing state of refrigerant from


low-pressure liquid to low-pressure gas through
principles of evaporation. Located in the passenger
compartment. In all but the most serious instances of
system contamination, the evaporator is the one major
component that does not need replacement. Any
particles that reach the evaporator tend to flow
through.
EVAPORATOR
EVAPORATOR
PIPING
BLOWER

CA41-38
BLOWER CONTROL
EVAPORATOR SENSOR
EVAPORATOR SENSOR
EVAPORATOR PRESSURE REGULATOR
( EPR )
EVAPORATOR PRESSURE REGULATOR (EPR)
(UNTUK CFC 12)

CA41-28
EVAPORATOR PRESSURE REGULATOR
( EPR )
PRESSURE SWITCH
PRESSURE SWITCH
DUAL PRESSURE SWITCH

Expansion valve

ON

Evaporator Receiver Condenser

2.0 kg/cm2 32 kg/cm2


ON
Compressor
OFF
Pressure 2.3 26
Diaphragma

OFF OFF
Kontak point
Terminal
Terminal

Spring

CA41-30
TRIPLE PRESSURE SWITCH
Bibliography:

www.azmobileair.com
Denso Motor
Thanks very much to God and
DENSO

Presented by Nanang Nurdiyanto


SMK Negeri 1 Magelang