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    ÷

Organizational Change

Organizational
development.

Organizational change is the process by which organizations


move from their present state to desired state to increase
their effectiveness

      
   

Mchanged
 ghange is vital so as to avoid stagnation.
 ghange is a process not an event
 ghange is normal & constant
 ghange is fast & likely to increase further in the present
competitive business
 ghange is both directive as well as participative
~ 6o • organizations must  their managers &
work force to
with new demands, new problems and
new challenges
~ change can be either a)  or b)
÷

~ planned change reflects change in goals & operating


philosophy to improve the ability of the organization to
adapt to the changes in the
environment.

~ Involves new policy implementation to change


employee behavior.
 À     •
ghanges in Job assignments
Relocation
Internal Mobility
Job Re-designing, Job-structuring
Skill/gompetency Development
ghanges in behavior, attitudes
 ×roup Level Changes:
¦  

  



 
 

 
  


 
      
  
 

 Organizational Level Changes:
Structure
Process
Systems
Policy level changes
Organization Development
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competition

Nature of work
Force.

Technology

Economic
factors
3ources to resistance to change.

Individual resistance

Organizational resistance
ºabit-comfort
zone

INDIVIDUAL

Undisclosed. security
Reasons

RE3I3TANCE

Fear of the
unknown
3tructural
&
Threat process
To inertia
Established
resource
Allocation organizational

Limited
focus
for change.

Threat
To
Established
power Resistance
Relations
Threat
To
Expertise
 Resistance
 
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Tactics to overcome resistance to change
ÿ ducation and communication of logic.

ÿ participation & involvement of all in the


implementation of change.

ÿFacilitation & support.

ÿNegotiation & agreement

ÿManipulation & co-optation : when other methods fail.


  

 
 

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