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Republic Act

No. 8550
The Philippine Fisheries
Code of 1998
to achieve food security
to limit access to the fishery and aquatic resources
to ensure the rational and sustainable development, of
the fishery and aquatic resources
to protect the rights of fisherfolk, especially of the local
communities with priority to municipal fisherfolk
to provide support to the fishery sector

State Policy
Conservation, protection and sustained management of
the country's fishery and aquatic resources;
Poverty alleviation and the provision of supplementary
livelihood among municipal fisherfolk;
Improvement of productivity of aquaculture within
ecological limits;
Optimal utilization of offshore and deep-sea resources;
Upgrading of post-harvest technology.

Objectives of the fishery sector

Appropriate Fishing Technology-
adaptable technology, both in fishing
and ancillary industries, that is
ecologically sound, locally source-based
and labor intensive.

Some Definitions
Catch Ceilings - refer to the annual catch
limits allowed xxx to prevent overfishing
and harmful depletion of breeding
stocks of aquatic organisms.

Some Definitions
Electrofishing - the use of electricity
generated by batteries, electric
generator and other source of electric
power to kill, stupefy, disable or render
unconscious fishery species, whether or
not the same are subsequently

Some Definitions
Active fishing gear - is a fishing device characterized
by gear movements, and/or the pursuit of the target
species by towing, lifting, and pushing the gears,
surrounding, covering, dredging, pumping and seating
the target species to impoundments; such as, but not
limited to, trawl, purse seines, Danish seines, bagnets,
paaling, drift gill net and tuna longline

Passive fishing gear - is characterized by the absence

of gear movements and/or the pursuit of the target
species; such as, but not limited to, hook and line,
fishpots, traps and gill nets across the path of the fish.

Some Definitions
utilization, management,
development, conservation
of fisheries and aquatic
use and exploitation of the fishery and
aquatic resources in Philippine waters shall
be reserved exclusively to Filipinos
licenses and permits are necessary for the
conduct of fishery activities subject to the
limits of the MSY or TAC
Catch Ceiling Limitations or quota on
the total quantity of fish captured
Establishment of Closed Season:
for conservation and ecological purposes
conservation and rehabilitation
measures for rare, threatened and
endangered species
Municipal Fisheries
shall have jurisdiction over municipal
may enact appropriate fishery ordinance
LGUs shall also enforce all fishery laws,
rules and regulations and ordinances

Municipal/City Governments
municipal fisherfolk and their
given priority to exploit municipal and
demarcated fishery areas

Registry of Municipal Fisherfolk

determines fishing priorities
limits entry into the municipal waters
monitors fishing activities

Municipal Fisheries
License is required to operate:
commercial fishing vessel with their
fishing gears
pearl fishing vessel
fishing vessel for scientific
research or educational purposes
fishery activity
fishworker or pearl diver

Commercial Fishing
When license may not required
fishing vessel engaged in scientific,
research or educational purposes
pursuant to an international

Commercial Fishing
Persons Qualified for Commercial
Fishing Vessel License:
citizens of the Philippines
partnerships associations,
cooperatives or corporations
whose capital stock (of at least
60%) is owned by Filipino citizens.

Commercial Fishing
granted to qualified persons and fisherfolk
leased areas not more than 50 hectares for
individuals and 250 hectares for corporations or
fisherfolk organizations;
period of twenty-five (25) years and renewable
for another twenty-live (25) years
lessee shall undertake reforestation for river
banks, bays, streams and seashore fronting his

Fishpond Lease Agreement

Post-harvest Facilities for
Fishing communities
municipal fish landing sites
fish ports
ice plants and cold storage
other fish processing establishments to
serve primarily the needs of municipal
must be registered with and licensed
by LGUs

Fishing Facilities
Bureau of Fisheries
and Aquatic Resources
prepare and implement a Comprehensive National
Fisheries Industry Development Plan;
issue licenses for the operation of commercial
fishing vessels;
issue identification cards to fishworkers engaged in
commercial fishing;
monitor and review joint fishing agreements
between Filipinos and foreigners
enforce all laws governing the conservation and
management of fishery resources (except in
municipal waters)

Reconstitution of BFAR
Fisheries and Aquatic Resources
Management Councils (FARMCs)
National Fisheries and Aquatic Resources
Management Council (NFARMC)
Municipal/City Fisheries and Aquatic
Resources Management Councils
Barangay Fisheries and Aquatic Resources
Management Councils (BFARMCs)
Integrated Fisheries and Aquatic
Resources Management Councils
cultivation of mangroves to strengthen
the habitat and the spawning grounds of
commercial fishing within these areas is
may be established in municipal waters
by LGU in consultation with the FARMCs

Fish Refuge & Sanctuaries

primary research arm of the BFAR
part of the National Research and
Development Network of DOST

Creation of NFRDI
engage in any fishery activity without a license, lease or permit.
operate any fishing vessel in Philippine waters by foreign person,
corporation or entity to fish or
fishing through explosives, noxious or poisonous substance, and/or
Use of Fine Mesh Net
Use of Active Gear in the Municipal Waters and Bays and Other Fishery
Management Areas
Coral Exploitation and Exportation
Muro-Ami, Other Methods and Gear Destructive to Coral Reefs and Other
Marine Habitat

Illegal Use of Superlights
Conversion of Mangroves
Fishing in Fishery Reserves, Refuge and Sanctuaries
Fishing or Taking of Rare, Threatened or Endangered
Importation or Exportation of Fish or Fishery Species
Violation of Catch Ceilingsa
Aquatic Pollution

Professionalization of Fisheries
Fisheries Board of Examiners
upgrade the Fisheries Profession

Upgrading of State Fisheries


General Provisions