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Idle Mode Operation

BSS PAR S10.5


Module 03

BSSPAR-Idle Mode Operation/6-61058/2003/v 2.0 NOKIA


Module Objectives
At the end of the module, the participant will be able
to:
List functions of the MS during idle mode
Explain the parameters used for PLMN and cell
selection
State the purpose of location updates and the
associated parameters

BSSPAR-Idle Mode Operation/6-61058/2003/v 2.0 NOKIA


Idle
Mode
Operation
Contents

1. IDLE Mode tasks overview


2. IDs and ID Codes, Frequencies
3. PLMN selection
4. Cell selection and cell reselection
C1 Cell (Re)-Selection Criterion
C2 Re-Selection Criterion
5. Location Area Management
Location Updates
Timer for Periodic Location Updates
6. IMSI Attach/Detach

BSSPAR-Idle Mode Operation/6-61058/2003/v 2.0 NOKIA


Idle
Mode
Operation Idle Mode Operation

Idle Mode Tasks


When
?
When the MS is switched ON? PLMN selection
Cell selection & re-selection
When there is no dedicated connection? Location updates

Why?
To camp on the best suitable cell
Why to camp on a specific cell?
For MS to receive system info from the NW on DL
For MS to be able to initiate a call whenever needed
For the NW to be able to locate the MS when there is a MT call/SMS

BSSPAR-Idle Mode Operation/6-61058/2003/v 2.0 NOKIA


Idle
Mode
Operation ID's and ID Codes

Parameter Value
LAI (locationAreaId)
MCC (Mobile Country Code) 0 999
MNC (Mobile Network Code) 0 99
LAC (Location Area Code) 0 65535

BSIC (bsIdentityCode)
NCC (Network Colour Code) 07
BCC (BTS Colour Code) 07

CI (cell-ID) 0 65535

TSC (trainingSequenceCode)
07
CGI (Cell Global Identity) MCC + MNC + LAC + CI

BSSPAR-Idle Mode Operation/6-61058/2003/v 2.0 NOKIA


Idle
Mode
Operation Base Station Identity Code (BSIC
BSIC is a combination of NCC and BCC

Reported in Measurement Results to BSC

Can be listed in Hex or Decimal

NCC (0...7) BCC (0...7)


4 2 U 4 2 U
32 16 8 4 2 U Range
0 0 0 x x x 0-7
0 0 1 x x x 8 - 15
0 1 0 x x x 16 - 23
0 1 1 x x x 24 - 31
1 0 0 x x x 32 - 39
1 0 1 x x x 40 - 47
1 1 0 x x x 48 - 55
1 1 1 x x x 56 - 63

BSSPAR-Idle Mode Operation/6-61058/2003/v 2.0 NOKIA


Idle
Mode
Operation
PLMN Selection

Two Modes
Automatic - utilises a list of PLMNs in priority order. Highest
priority (available and allowable) PLMN is selected
Manual - MS indicates to user which PLMNs are available
Three Types of Lists
Preferred
Found
Forbidden
Parameter Value

plmnpermitted 0 ... 7
NOTE This parameter is confusing. Its not used for network selection. Its used AFTER a
network has been selected so that measurements from only one PLMN are reported

BSSPAR-Idle Mode Operation/6-61058/2003/v 2.0 NOKIA


Idle
Mode
Base Station Colour
Operation
Code
f1 bcc = 2

f2
Location Area Code bcc = 1 f1
f3
MCC = Country e.g Finland
MNC = Operator f1
LAC 1 = HelsinkiLAC 2
bcc = 3

LAC 3 LAC 4 BSC


Neighbour list of f3:
BTS BTS BTS f1
1 2 n f2
...

BSSPAR-Idle Mode Operation/6-61058/2003/v 2.0 NOKIA


Idle
Mode
Operation Frequencies

Parameter Value

alFrequency 1..124 & 975..1023, 0; 512..885 GSM900;1800 (FREQ

bCCHAllocation-ID 1 ... 255


bCCHAllocationList 1 ... 124 in GSM (max. 32 freq. for all bands)

eStateBCCHAllocation 0 (BCCH list is taken from the adjacent cell)


1 ... 255 (number of the BCCH list used)

easurementBCCHAllocation ADJ (BCCH frequency list taken from adj. ce


IDLE (active MS uses same list as MS in IDLE mode)

BSSPAR-Idle Mode Operation/6-61058/2003/v 2.0 NOKIA


Use of Cell Barring for Test
Measurements
Cell Barred
GPS-satelite

Existing Layer
Barred, No

New Microcell Layer


Barred, Yes

NMS/X 5.24

Easy to test new Microcells with NMS/X 5.24 with Nokia 2110
Mobile

BSSPAR-Idle Mode Operation/6-61058/2003/v 2.0 NOKIA


Idle
Mode
Operation Cell Selection in Idle Mode

Two methods for selecting a cell:

Normal cell selection (a) - MS has no prior knowledge of which RF


channels are BCCH
Stored list cell selection - optional (b) - MS uses list of BCCH carriers
used by PLMN

If no suitable cell is found using method (b) then (a) is tried.

What constitutes a 'suitable' cell:


Cell is in the selected PLMN
Cell is not barred
It is not in a forbidden location area for national roaming
C1 >0 (range -99..0..+99)
If there is no normal priority cell then low priority cell

BSSPAR-Idle Mode Operation/6-61058/2003/v 2.0 NOKIA


Idle
Mode
Cell (Re-)Selection in Idle
Operation
Mode
Using C1 Criterion
Radio Criteria
C1 = (A - Max(B,0)) Averaging 3-5 s.
Decision 5s.
A = Received Level Average - p1
B = p2 - Maximum RF Output Power of the Mobile Station
p1 = rxLevelAccessMin (Min. received level at the MS required for
access to the system)
(RXP BTS -110..-105 -47 dBm)
p2 = msTxPowerMaxCCH (Max. Tx power level an MS may use when
accessing the system)
(TXP BTS GSM900 5..33..43/2 33;
GSM1800 0..30/2 30 dBm)
Parameter Value

rxLevelAccessMin -110 ... -47 dBm 'RXP' (BTS)

msTxPowerMaxCCH 0 30 dBm GSM1800 (5 43 dBm


GSM900)
'TXP'
(BTS)BSSPAR-Idle Mode Operation/6-61058/2003/v 2.0 NOKIA
Cell Re-selection (C1)
Idle
Mode
Operation

MS Moving
LA1 LA2
A = 4 dB
1
B = 6 dB
A BC
C = 8 dB 1 2
A B C 2

Parameter Value

cellReselectHysteresis 0 14 dB (HYS) (BTS) 2dB steps


MML def 4dB

BSSPAR-Idle Mode Operation/6-61058/2003/v 2.0 NOKIA


Idle
Mode
Cell Re-selection in Idle
Operation
Mode
Using C2 Re-Selection Criterion (PH 2 MS)

MS will calculate the C1 and C2 for the serving cell, every 5 s


MS will calculate the C1 and C2 for the six best neighbour cells,
every 5 s

Cell re-selection is needed if


Path Loss criterion C1 < 0 for cell camped on ,for more than 5 seconds.
There is DL signalling failure
The cell camped on has become barred.
There is a better cell in terms of C2 criterion
A random access attempt is still unsuccessful after
maxNumberRetransmission
repetitions.

BSSPAR-Idle Mode Operation/6-61058/2003/v 2.0 NOKIA


Idle
Mode
Cell Re-selection with C2
Operation (1/3)
C1,C2 microcell

macrocell C1=C2

C2<PT<C2 time

BCCH

fast moving mobile

BCCH

slow moving mobile

BSSPAR-Idle Mode Operation/6-61058/2003/v 2.0 NOKIA


Idle
Mode
Cell Re-selection with C2
Operation (2/3)
Equation & Parameters

C1 + cellReselectOffset - temporaryOffset*H(penaltyTime-T) <=


penaltyTime < 640
C2 =
C1 - cellReselectOffset .. <=
penaltyTime = 640

1 when T < = penaltyTime


H(x) =
0 when T > penaltyTime

Parameter Value

cellReselectParamInd Y/N

cellReselectOffset 0 ... 126 dB

penaltyTime 20 ... 640 sec

temporaryOffset 0 ... 70 dB
BSSPAR-Idle Mode Operation/6-61058/2003/v 2.0 NOKIA
Idle
Mode
Cell Re-selection with C2
Operation (3/3)
Example
GSM900 GSM1800 GSM900micro
Microcell 900 cellReselectOffset 0 20
C1 "A"=30 0
C1 "B"=25
C1 "C"=5 penaltyTime 0 20 40
C1 "D"=50
temporaryOffset 0 30 30

C2 = C1 + cellReselectOffset -
temporaryOffset*H(penaltyTime-T)
C2 "A"=30 + 0 serving cell H(x) = 0
C2 "B"=25 +20-30 * H(20-T)
Macrocell 1800 C2 "C"=5 + 0 - 0 * H(0-T)
C2 "D"=50+0-30*H(40-T)
Macrocell 900

Time T: between 0 and 19 Time T: between 20 and 39 Time T: greater than 40


seconds seconds seconds
C2 "A"=30 C2 "A"=30 C2 "A"=30
C2 "B"=15 C2 "B"=45 C2 "B"=45
C2 "C"=5 C2 "C"=5 C2 "C"=5
C2 "D"=20 C2 "D"=20 C2 "D"=50
Location Updates

H
L
R

V
L
R
M
(S
o
C
l
d
)
M
o
b
BSSPAR-Idle Mode Operation/6-61058/2003/v 2.0 NOKIA
Location Update Procedure
MS BSS MSC VLR HLR

LOCATION UPDATE REQUEST

REQUEST SUBSCRIBER ID

SEND SUBSCRIBER ID

REQUEST SUBSCRIBER INFO

SEND SUBSCRIBER INFO

AUTHENTICATION

AUTHENTICATION RESPONSE

ALL OK - HLR UPDATE

BSSPAR-Idle Mode Operation/6-61058/2003/v 2.0 NOKIA


Trade-off between Location
Update and Paging Traffic
signalling
traffic

function of user density,


function of cell size, call arrival rate ...
user mobility

Paging
LocUp

optimum number # of cells in Loc. area


of cells in Loc. area

BSSPAR-Idle Mode Operation/6-61058/2003/v 2.0 NOKIA


Location Updates
Idle
Mode
Operation

MS => MSC / VLR


Mobile Station switched ON
IMSI Attach / Detach
Same Location Area => No Location Update
Different Location Area => Location Update
Change of the Location Area
Location Area under the same MSC / VLR
Location Area under another MSC / VLR => HLR will be
updated
Service is rejected (MS unknown in VLR)
Time-Periodic LU (MS -> MSC/VLR)

Parameter Value

timerPeriodicUpdateMS 0.0 ... 25.5 hrs (PER)(BTS) see


note in dictionary!
allowIMSIAttachDetach Yes/No (ATT)(BTS)
BSSPAR-Idle Mode Operation/6-61058/2003/v 2.0 NOKIA
Normal Cell Selection Idle
Mode
Search all the RF channels, take samples during Operation
3-5 s and calculate averages. And put them in
ascending order with respect to signal level.
Then tune to the strongest RF channel.

Search for the frequency correction burst in that Tune to the next highest
carrier in order to verify if it is a BCCH carrier RF channel which is not
tried before

Is it a BCCH No
carrier?
Yes
Try to synchronize to the carrier and read
the BCCH data

Is it a correct No
PLMN ?
Yes
Yes
Is the cell barred?

No
No
Is C1>0

Yes
Camp on the cell

BSSPAR-Idle Mode Operation/6-61058/2003/v 2.0 NOKIA