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AC Motors ± Classification:
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„nduction Motor:
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|rotection of induction motor:
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˜ Ñlown out fuse in transformer primary,


˜ Ñlown out fuse in the motor branch circuit,
˜ Loose or poor connection in the switch/starter/contactor.
˜ Ñadly soldered winding connections in the motor.
˜ Open circuit within the winding.

 
 
   


     
   
   
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Abnormal Alternate forms of protection from Remarks
condition which choice is made.
Overloads ë Over load release ë Overload protection given for
ë Thermal overload relays almost all motors
ë Inverse over current relays ë Should not trip during
ë Miniature circuit breaker with starting currents.
built in trip coils
Phase faults and ë HRC fuses ë Differential protection
earth faults ë High set instantaneous over becomes economical for
current relays motors above abut 1000 kw.
ë Differential protection ë Below this high set
instantaneous protection is
preferred.
Under voltage ë Under voltage release ë Under voltage release
ë Under voltage relays incorporated with every
starter
ë Under voltage relay used in
certain applications
Unbalanced ë Negative phase sequence Only in special applications
voltage relays
Reverse phase ë Phase reversal protection ë Generally at supply point
sequence ë Prevents reversal of running.
Single phasing ë Usual thermal overload relays ë Recently developed static
ë Special single phase single phasing devices
preventer becoming popular.
ë Unbalance protection
Stalling ë Thermal relays Instantaneous
ë Instantaneous OC relays Trip
Rotor faults ë Instantaneous Over current ë Only for wound rotor motors
relays
Switching surges ë RC surge suppressor ë 100 ohm, 0.1 micro Farad
connected between phase
and ground.
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