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Security Level: INTERNAL

LTE IRAT introduction

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HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential


Content

Why IRAT
Applications of IRAT
Delivery Policies of IRAT
Signaling Procedures of IRAT
Definitions and Observation of IRAT KPIs
IRAT Fault Diagnosis

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 2


Why IRAT 1
Global mobile voice vs data service revenues

Revenues (US$bn)
Source: Informa Telecoms & Media

GSM, UMTS and, LTE will coexist for a long time.


Voice service keeps creating huge revenue for operators.
Main revenue growth will come from data services.

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Why IRAT 2

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Content
Why IRAT
Applications of IRAT
Delivery Policies of IRAT
Signaling Procedures of IRAT
Definitions and Observation of IRAT KPIs
IRAT Fault Diagnosis

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 5


Applications of IRAT
1. An example of LTE & GSM interoperation is TMO of Germany.
2. Examples of LTE & UMTS interoperation are Bell of Canada,
eMobile of Japan, and Genius of Hong Kong.
3. An example of LTE, GSM, and UMTS interoperation is N4M of
Sweden.

Function requirements
a) UEs preferentially receive services from the LTE network for better user
experience.
b) The continuity of the LTE services is guaranteed.
c) The services and load are appropriately shared among the LTE, GSM, and
UMTS.
d) The network upgrade causes minimum impact on the network and users.
Performance requirements
a) The KPIs must be guaranteed, for example, IRAT handover success rate
and IRAT handover delay.
b) Users of high-speed data services receive services from preferably the LTE
for better user experience. Where the LTE is unavailable, the UMTS or
GSM is used.
c) Parameters are correctly set to improve the IRAT handover success rate,
lower the impact of a handover on the service, and prevent ping-pong
handovers.
d) Minimum LTE to UMTS/GSM handover delay is guaranteed. Users are
unaware of the service degradation caused by handovers.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 6


Content
Why IRAT
Applications of IRAT
Delivery Policies of IRAT
Signaling Procedures of IRAT
Definitions and Observation of IRAT KPIs
IRAT Fault Diagnosis

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 7


Delivery Policies of IRAT Overall

Mobility in idle mode

LTE/EP GSM/UMTS
Mobility of PS services
C

Mobility of voice services

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Architecture and functionalities
Need to be R8 ready
Maintaining SGs MSC/VLR for the mobility
association with MME management and
paging procedures
A between EPS and
Gs CS domain.
Iu-cs Maintaining SGs association with
GERAN Gb SGSN C/D
MSC/VLR for EPS/IMSI Attached
UE
Gr Triggering paging to eNodeB (when
HSS/HLR
SGs MSC-S pages the UE)
UTRAN Iu-ps Initiating IMSI Detach at EPS
S3 Detach
S6a
Multi-mode G/U/L S12
CSFB capable
Support of procedures: S4 PCRF
Combined EPS/IMSI MME
Attach, Update, Detach. S11
S7 Rx
S1-MME
S5 Internet / intranet /
SGi
Operators & 3rd
S1-U Party Applications
E-UTRAN S-GW PDN-GW
G/U/L handset
Forwarding paging request for CS
domain to the UE.
Directing the UE to the target CS
capable cell. (PS HO/redirection
with or without SIBs).

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 9


Delivery Policies of IRAT Overall
Idle/PCH Mode Connected Mode

UE moving out of
LTE LTE coverage

UE moving out of
LTE coverage

Cell reselection to
UTRAN/GERAN Cell Camping priority: PS
LTE > UTRAN > GERAN CS Fallback to handover/Redirection
reselection
Broadcasted in UTRAN/GERAN by PS to UTRAN/GERAN
to LTE
GERAN/UTRAN/LTE handover/redirection

UE moving into UE moving into


LTE coverage LTE coverage

UTRAN/GERA
N

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Delivery Policies of IRAT Idle Mode 1

Target
UEs preferentially reside in LTE except when the LTE cell has poor signal
quality.
UE resides in the LTE cell even when the G/U cell has good signal quality.

Cell reselection from LTE to GSM/UMTS :


The eNodeB is so configured that the priority of LTE cell
reselection is greater than that of GSM/UMTS cell reselection. If
the signal strength of the serving LTE cell is lower than the inter-
RAT measurement threshold, the GSM/UMTS measurement is
triggered. If the signal strength of the LTE cell is lower than the
serving-frequency low-priority reselection threshold and the signal
strength of the inter-RAT frequency is greater than the inter-RAT
frequency low-priority reselection threshold, the GSM/UMTS cell
reselection is triggered.

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Delivery Policies of IRAT Idle Mode 2

Target
UEs preferentially reside in LTE except when the LTE cell has poor
signal quality.
UEs reside in LTE cell even when the G/U cell has good signal quality.

L to G/U:
Cell reselection from GSM/UMTS to LTE:
eNodeBLTEGSM/UMTS
All LTE frequencies are configured on the BSC/RNC and the
LTEGSM/UMTS
priority of LTE cell reselection is greater than that of GSM/UMTS
cell reselection. After the UE returns to the idle or PCH mode
(LTE)<()()>(
upon completion of a service in the GSM/UMTS network, the UE
)GSM/UMTS
periodically measures the LTE signal strength. If the signal
strength of the LTE cell is greater than the high-priority reselection
threshold configured on the BSC/RNC, the LTE cell reselection is
triggered.

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Delivery Policies of IRAT Connected Status

Events and meaning related to the LTE system


Event Type Meaning

A1 Serving becomes better than threshold

A2 Serving becomes worse than threshold

A3 Neighbor becomes offset better than serving

A4 Neighbor becomes better than threshold


Serving becomes worse than threshold and neighbor becomes better
A5
than threshold2
B1 Inter RAT neighbor becomes better than threshold
Serving becomes worse than threshold and inter RAT neighbor
B2
becomes better than threshold2

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 13


Delivery Policies of IRAT Connected Status

Coverage-based: When a UE moves out of the LTE coverage, the


LTE signal worsens. After the UE reports event A2, the eNodeB
determines whether the UE supports inter-RAT measurement.

If the UE supports inter-RAT measurement, the eNodeB delivers the


inter-RAT measurement control. After the UE reports inter-RAT
measurement event B1, the inter-RAT PS handover or redirection is
triggered. If both the UE and network support PS handover, PS
handover is preferred to obtain shorter service interruption. If the
operator does not want to upgrade the GERAN/UTRAN to support PS
handover or the UE does not support PS handover, redirection is
performed. In this case, the PS handover switch must be turned off.
If the UE does not support inter-RAT measurement, the eNodeB
performs the UMTS blind redirection triggered by event A2.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 14


Delivery Policies of IRAT Voice Service

Before the IMS becomes mature, CSFB is a solution for providing


voice service over the LTE system. When the UE performs a
mobile-originated or mobile-terminated voice service over the
LTE, the CSFB works as follows:

If the UE supports inter-RAT measurement, the eNodeB delivers the


inter-RAT measurement control. After the UE reports inter-RAT
measurement event B1, CSFB based on inter-RAT PS handover or
redirection is triggered. If both the UE and network support PS
handover, PS handover is preferred to obtain shorter service
interruption. If the operator does not want to upgrade the
GERAN/UTRAN to support PS handover or the UE does not support
PS handover, redirection is performed. In this case, the PS handover
switch must be turned off.
If the UE does not support inter-RAT measurement, the CSFB is
based on inter-RAT blind redirection.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 15


Content
Why IRAT
Applications of IRAT
Delivery Policies of IRAT
Signaling Procedures of IRAT
Definitions and Observation of IRAT KPIs
IRAT Fault Diagnosis

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 16


IRAT Signaling Procedure Reselection

Reselection procedure

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IRAT Signaling Procedure Reselection

Signaling procedure of the UE

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IRAT Signaling Procedure - Redirection
UE eNB RNC MME SGSN S/P-GW

1. Measurement Report

2.Handover decision

3. RRC CONNECTION
RELEASE

4. UE reselect the target UTRAN cell and launch RAU procedure

The eNodeB sends RRC CONNECTION RELEASE to UE with IE:


RedirectedCarrierInfo including UMTS or GERAN carrier frequency.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 19


IRAT Signaling Procedure Redirection

Measurement control

Measurement report

Redirect command

Redirected frequency

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IRAT Signaling Procedure PS Handover

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IRAT Signaling Procedure PS Handover

A1/A2 measurement control

A2 measurement report

B1 measurement control

B1 measurement report

Handover command, instructing the UE


to hand over to the inter-RAT

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 22


IRAT Signaling Procedure Redirection-
based CSFB

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IRAT Signaling Procedure CSFB
Based on PS Handover

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CSFB: SMS

UE is EPS/IMSI attached and the CS


access domain is chosen by the UE
UE MME MSC HLR SMSC and/or the home PLMN for delivering
short messages.
1.EPS/IMSI attach

2.UE triggered Service Request


SMS support is based on the
connectionless SGs reference point
3. Uplink NAS between the MME and the MSC
Transport
Server and use of NAS signalling
4.Uplink Unitdata between the UE and the MME.
5.Forward Short Message The MO SMS and MT SMS are
4a.Downlink Unitdata signalled over SGs and do not cause
any CS Fallback to GERAN/UTRAN
4a.Downlink NAS Transport RATs, and consequently does not
6.Delivery report require any overlapped
GERAN/UTRAN coverage.

No CS Fallback is performed for SMS

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 25


CSFB Algorithm at eNB
Triggering phase
The eNodeB receives a CS Fallback Indicator from the
MME. If the eNodeB supports blind handovers to an
inter-RAT system, it performs a blind handover without
delivering the measurement configuration to the UE.
Otherwise, the eNodeB delivers the measurement
configuration to the UE. Compared with measurement-
based handovers, blind handovers can reduce the
access delay. Therefore, blind handovers take
precedence over measurement-based handovers.
Blind handovers, however, have an impact on the
handover success rate.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential


eRA
R8 CSFB N2.0
/2.1
Blind Scenario
A list of candidate cells is generated on the basis of the blind handover priorities,
which are determined by both the RAT-specific priorities and the cell-specific
priorities.
The RAT-specific priorities used in blind handovers for CSFB are defined through
the InterRatHighestPri, InterRatSecondPri, and InterRatLowestPri parameters.

Measure Scenario
eNB sends the UE the measurement configuration, according to which the UE
performs measurements on the specified system. The measurement configuration
sent to the UE contains the configuration information for only the RATs and
frequencies that are supported by the UE.
eNB selects the best cell from UEs measurement report.
B1
entering
condition:

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eRA
Flash CSFB ( R9 redirection with SIBs N2.2
GSM/UMTS RIM : LTE Core
RAN
Core information Key Point:
exchanging
1. eNB request system information from BSC/RNC
SGSN MME when establish Inter-RAT neighbor relation;

RAN information
information

Frequency and

request
2. BSC/RNC reply system information. If system
RAN

target cell
BSC/RNC system information updateBSS/RNC notify eNodeB and
information
send the latest information;

3. Core Network doesnt handle the message, only


forward;

4. eNB doesnt translate message from BSC/RNC


2G/3G LTE send to UE directly;
Access Access
5. eNB fill out the target frequency and related neighbor
Flash CSFB: cell information in RRC_Release message.
Saving 1s for UMTS compare with R8
CSFB
Saving 2s for GSM compare with R8
CSFB

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential


eRA
CSFB to UTRAN/GERAN with LAI N3.0

LTE Step1: eNB receives Registered LAI from MME


Core MME sends Registered LAI to eNB via Initial
TA1/LA1 Context Setup Request or UE Context
Modification Request message.
MME
GUL
Step2: eNB selects target network with LAI
TAI/L CSFB to
consideration
AI LA1 1> Blind case: following the priority below.
1>Neighboring cell with the same LAI with
Registered LAI;
Select same LA to
CSFB 2>Neighboring cell with the same PLMN with
registered LAI;
GUL GUL 3>Neighboring cell with the same PLMN with
TA3/LA1 TA2/LA2
the UE current serving PLMN.
2>Measurement case:
LAI Based CSFB: 1>if any of the neighboring frequencys cell
PLMN is the same with Registered LAI, or if any
1. Priority to select target GU cells with same of the neighboring frequencys cell PLMN is the
LAC as UE registered in GU NW during same with the UE current serving PLMN, and the
UE supports the RAT and the frequency, eNB will
CSFB to avoid LAU (0.5s~3s). send these frequency to UE for measuring.
2>eNB will choose the same LAI from the
2. Support National Roaming Ue to select measurement reports.

suitable fallback RAT/Cell bases on LAI


Indicator among multi-PLMNs.
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential
Content

Why IRAT
Applications of IRAT
Delivery Policies of IRAT
Signaling Procedures of IRAT
Definitions and Observation of IRAT KPIs
IRAT Fault Diagnosis

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 30


Definitions and Observation of IRAT KPIs

KPI Meaning

L2U redirection control- From reception of RRC CONN REL on the LTE to transmission of
plane delay RRC CONN REQ on the UMTS
L2G redirection control- From reception of RRC CONN REL on the LTE to transmission of
plane delay Channel Request on the GERAN.
From reception of Handover Command to reply of Handover
PSHO control-plane delay
Complete
CSFB voice service setup From transmission of Extend Service Request to reception or
delay transmission of the Alerting message on the UMTS/GERAN
Average E2E IP-layer interruption delay. Observed on the FTP server.
User-plane interruption
From reception of the last data packet on the LTE to reception of the
delay (uplink)
first data packet on the UMTS/GERAN
Average E2E IP-layer interruption delay. Observed on the UE. From
User-plane interruption
reception of the last data packet on the LTE to reception of the first
delay (downlink)
data packet on the UMTS/GERAN

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Discover a Problem
Understand the scenario of the problem.
Check each signaling procedure to determine where the problem occurs.

eRAN 2.1 provides performance statistics for only L2U, L2G, and L2C outgoing
handovers for calculating the handover success rate. eRAN3.0 provides additional
performance statistics for redirection and CSFB. For details, see the performance
indexes of eRAN3.0.

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Definitions and Observation of IRAT KPIs - Probe
The CSFB KPIs, including CS setup delay and success rate, can
be observed on the Probe/Assistant.

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Content
Why IRAT
Applications of IRAT
Delivery Policies of IRAT
Signaling Procedures of IRAT
Definitions and Observation of IRAT KPIs
IRAT Fault Diagnosis

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 34


Common Problems of LTE IRAT

Type Common Problem


IRAT not supported by UE
Capability Support IRAT not supported by GSM or UMTS BTS version
IRAT not supported by core network version
eNodeB IRAT switch not turned on
Parameter
Inter-RAT neighboring cell not configured or incorrectly configured
Configuration
Core network interface not configured or incorrectly configured
Interference Large interference
Coverage Poor quality of the Uu interface
Known bugs of earlier eNodeB versions
Known Problem Known bugs of the core network
Known bugs of the UE

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 35


IRAT Troubleshooting Flowchart
Discover a problem

IRAT supported by Algorithm switch Neighboring cell Known problem?


UE? turned on? correctly configured?
No No No Yes
Yes Yes Yes No

Core network correctly Interference or weak


configured? coverage?
No No

Collect & submit logs

Yes Yes

End

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 36


IRAT Troubleshooting Flowchart
Discover a problem

IRAT supported by Algorithm switch Neighboring cell Known problem?


UE? turned on? correctly configured?
No No No Yes
Yes Yes Yes No

Core network correctly Interference or weak


configured? coverage?
No No

Collect & submit logs

Yes Yes

End

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 37


Determining the UE Capability

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IRAT Troubleshooting Flowchart
Discover a problem

IRAT supported by Algorithm switch Neighboring cell Known problem?


UE? turned on? correctly configured?
No No No Yes
Yes Yes Yes No

Core network correctly Interference or weak


configured? coverage?
No No

Collect & submit logs

Yes Yes

End

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 39


IRAT Parameter Configuration Reselection
The following command configures the LTE cell reselection priority and parameters:
MOD CELLRESEL: LocalCellId=0, SNonIntraSearchCfgInd=CFG,
SNonIntraSearch=8, ThrshServLow=7, CellReselPriority=6;
where CellReselPriority indicates the LTE cell reselection priority and SnonInterSearch
indicates the threshold that the UE starts the inter-RAT measurement. CellReselPriority
ranges from 0 to 7. To let the UE preferentially reside in the LTE system, this parameter
is set to a high value.

Configure the cell reselection threshold by running the following command.


MOD CELLRESEL: LocalCellId=0, SNonIntraSearchCfgInd=CFG, SNonIntraSearch=10,
ThrshServLow=8, QRxLevMin=-64;

The following command configures the UMTS frequency and reselection priority:
ADD UTRANNFREQ: LocalCellId=0, UtranDlArfcn=2825,
UtranFddTddType=UTRAN_FDD, UtranUlArfcnCfgInd=NOT_CFG,
CellReselPriorityCfgInd=CFG, CellReselPriority=3, ThreshXLow=6;
where UTRANDLARFCN indicates the UMTS downlink frequency and
CELLRESELPRIORITY indicates the UMTS cell reselection priority ranging from 0 to 7.
If the LTE signal quality is less than ThrshServLow and the UMTS signal quality is
greater than ThreshXLow, the UE reselects the UMTS.

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IRAT Parameter Configuration Reselection
Configure the UTRAN external
ADD UTRANEXTERNALCELL: Mcc="460", Mnc="150", UtranCellId=11,
UtranFddTddType=UTRAN_FDD, UtranDlArfcn=10800, UtranUlArfcnCfgInd=NOT_CFG,
RncId=210, RacCfgInd=NOT_CFG, PScrambCode=10, Lac=1;

Configure the Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN) of the UTRAN external cell. (Optional.
This parameter is configured only for inter-PLMN cell reselection. If this parameter is
configured, corresponding PLMN adjustment is required for the UTRAN neighboring cell
configuration.
ADD UTRANEXTERNALCELLPLMN: UtranCellId=11, Mcc="460", Mnc="150",
ShareMcc="460", ShareMnc="20";

Configure the UTRAN neighboring cell.


ADD UTRANNCELL: LocalCellId=0, Mcc="460", Mnc="150", UtranCellId=11;

The following command adds the UMTS cell reselection information:


ADD CELLRESELUTRAN: LocalCellId=0, SpeedStateSfCfgInd=NOT_CFG;
After this command is configured, the SIB6 can be delivered.

ADD CELLRESELGERAN: LocalCellId=0, SpeedStateSfCfgInd=NOT_CFG;


For GSM, After this command is configured, the SIB7 can be delivered

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IRAT Parameter Configuration Reselection

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IRAT Parameter Configuration
Redirection and Handover
The following command adds the UMTS frequency:
ADD
UTRANNFREQ:LOCALCELLID=0,UTRANDLARFCN=2825,UTRANFDDTDDTYPE=UTRAN_FDD,UTRANULARFC
NCFGIND=NOT_CFG,CELLRESELPRIORITYCFGIND=CFG,CELLRESELPRIORITY=3;
where UTRANDLARFCN indicates the UMTS downlink frequency.

The following command adds the UMTS external cell:


ADD
UTRANEXTERNALCELL:MCC="460",MNC="00",UTRANCELLID=18,UTRANDLARFCN=2825,UTRANULARF
CNCFGIND=NOT_CFG,RNCID=20,RACCFGIND=CFG,RAC=5,PSCRAMBCODE=18,LAC=3;
where RACCFGIND and RAC are mandatory for PS handovers.

The following command adds the UMTS neighboring relationship:


ADD
UTRANNCELL:LOCALCELLID=0,MCC="460",MNC="00",UTRANCELLID=18,BLINDHOPRIORITY=5;
where BLINDHOPRIORITY indicates the priority of the blind handover and blind redirection and has 32
values. The value has a positive correlation with the priority. Value 0 indicates that blind handover is
prohibited. A non-zero value must not be duplicate with the value of existing neighboring cell of the same type
in the local cell.

The following command configures the handover and redirection switches:


ADD MOD ENODEBALGOSWITCH: HoModeSwitch=UtranPsHoSwitch-1&UtranRedirectSwitch-1;
If both the UtranPsHoSwitch and UtranRedirectSwitch are turned on, the former has a higher priority.

The following commands configure the handover and redirection thresholds:


MOD
INTERRATHOCOMMGROUP:LOCALCELLID=0,INTERRATHOCOMMGROUPID=0,INTERRATHOA1THDRSRP=-
111,INTERRATHOA2THDRSRP=-115;
MOD INTERRATHOUTRANGROUP: LocalCellId=0, InterRatHoUtranGroupId=0,
InterRatHoUtranB1ThdRscp=-103;
where the INTERRATHOCOMMGROUPID and InterRatHoUtranGroupId of a QCI are queried by running
the LST CELLSTANDARDQCI. These two parameters are used to set the coverage-based inter-RAT A1, A2,
and UTRAN B1 thresholds.
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IRAT Parameter Configuration
Redirection and Handover

UMTS frequency information carried in the release message

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IRAT Parameter Configuration
Redirection and Handover
Sending a handover command

Observation points on the E-UTRAN S1 interface:

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IRAT Parameter Configuration CSFB
For the command to add UMTS neighboring cells for CSFB, see the ADD
UTRANNFREQ, ADD UTRANEXTERNALCELL, and ADD UTRANNCELL commands
described in the previous page.

The following command configures the CSFB switch:


MOD ENODEBALGOSWITCH: HoAlgoSwitch=UtranCsfbSwitch-1;
This command configures UtranCsfbSwitch for CSFB to UMTS.
CSFB can be PSHO-based or redirection-based, if UtranPsHoSwitch or
UtranRedirectSwitch is turned on, respectively. These two parameter are configured by the
ADD MOD ENODEBALGOSWITCH command, as described in the previous page.

The following command configures the blind handover switch for CSFB:
MOD ENODEBALGOSWITCH: HoModeSwitch=BlindHoSwitch-1;

The following command configures the RAT priority for blind CSFB:
MOD
CSFALLBACKBLINDHOCFG:CNOPERATORID=0,INTERRATHIGHESTPRI=UTRAN,INTERRAT
SECONDPRI=GERAN;
During a blind CSFB, the RAT of highest priority is selected, and then the highest-priority cell
of the highest-priority RAT is selected for blind handover or redirection.

The following command configures the CSFB threshold:


MOD CSFALLBACKHO:LOCALCELLID=0,CSFBHOUTRANB1THDRSCP=-103;
This command configures the B1 threshold for CSFB.

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IRAT Parameter Configuration CSFB
The UE combined attaches to the E-UTRAN cell.

The Extended Service Request message is displayed in the tracing result on the MME

The tracing result on the S1 interface of the eNodeB shows that the CS fallback
indicator is "cs fallback required".

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 47


IRAT Parameter Configuration R9-
based Redirection
R9-based redirection is to perform redirection based on the 3GPP R9 protocols.
Compared with R8-based redirection, the R9-based redirection sends the system
information of the target system to the UE through the RRC Release message. In this
way, the UE does not need to obtain the system information of the target system,
shortening the access delay on the target system and improving the system
performance.

RIM Signaling

eNodeB S1 MME

E-UTRAN Relaying RIM


Signaling S3/Gn

GERAN

Gb/Iu
BSS SGSN

RIM Signaling

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IRAT Parameter Configuration R9-
based Redirection
Modify the S1 interface of the eNodeB to support the 3GPP R9 protocols.
MOD S1INTERFACE: S1InterfaceId=0, MmeRelease=Release_R9;

Turn on the E-UTRAN-to-GERAN flash redirection switch and RIM switch.


MOD ENODEBALGOSWITCH: RedirectSwitch=GeranFlashRedirectSwitch-1,
RimSwitch=GERAN_RIM_SWITCH-1;

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 49


IRAT Troubleshooting Flowchart
Discover a problem

IRAT supported by Algorithm switch Neighboring cell Known problem?


UE? turned on? correctly configured?
No No No Yes
Yes Yes Yes No

Core network correctly Interference or weak


configured? coverage?
No No

Collect & submit logs

Yes Yes

End

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 50


IRAT Troubleshooting Flowchart
Discover a problem

IRAT supported by Algorithm switch Neighboring cell Known problem?


UE? turned on? correctly configured?
No No No Yes
Yes Yes Yes No

Core network correctly Interference or weak


configured? coverage?
No No

Collect & submit logs

Yes Yes

End

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential Page 51


Collecting Log

Uu interface trace, S1 interface trace


One-click log of the main control board
GSM and UMTS user trace
UE log (QXDM and Probe)
Core network log

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Case Study 1
In a test, the eNodeB does not deliver the L2G redirect command. However,
the L2U redirect test is normal.

Diagnosis
The UE capability is queried. The result shows that the UE does not support
GERAN. According to 3GPP TS 36.331, the eNodeB does not deliver the L2G
redirect command. Our recommendation is that the testing engineer should
obtain the UE that supports the GSM band to test the L2G redirect command
again.

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Case Study 2
During a test of the LTE PS service, after the CSFB is
initiated, the PS service does not fall back to the UMTS but is
interrupted.

Diagnosis
The trace result shows that the LTE eNodeB processes the
redirection-based CSFB normally. After delivering the redirect
command, the eNodeB releases the UE. The UE initiates the RAU
procedure in the UMTS network, but the RAU procedure is rejected
with the cause value "MS identity can not be derived by the network".
The SGSN engineer explains that this problem is most likely caused
by the DNS configuration error. After the testing engineer modifies
the DNS configuration on the SGSN, the problem is solved.

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Case Study 3
In a test, the HTC UE is used to perform the L2U CSFB. The core network
delivers the CSFB indication but the eNodeB does not respond. The CSFB
fails.

Diagnosis
The standard interface trace result shows that the eNodeB does not process
the CSFB indication received from the core network. The UE capability and
inter-RAT configuration on the eNodeB are queried and the results show no
problem. The one-click logs returned by the testing engineers show that on
December 20, an operation to delete the UTRAN neighboring cell was
performed and on December 23, an operation to add the UTRAN neighboring
cell was performed. The problem occurred on December 21, when the
UTRAN neighboring cell was missing. Therefore, the eNodeB does not
process the L2U CSFB indication.

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Case Study 4
In a test of coverage-based L2G blind redirection, the Samsung UE cannot perform the
redirection.

Diagnosis
The UE capability and eNodeB configuration are queried and the result shows no
problem. The logs show no problem. The DTS database is queried and the result shows
that the problem is similar to the following problem described in the DTS database:
DTS2011110702473 [LTE_eRAN2.1_Inter-RAT redirection] The UE does not support
GSM and UMTS measurement. If the GERAN redirection switch is turned on and the
local cell ID is non-zero, the blind redirection to GERAN fails.
The eNodeB configuration is queried and the result shows that the local cell ID is 1. After
the local cell ID is changed to 0, the L2G redirection succeeds. This problem is solved in
SPC430.

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