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PARTS

OF MUSIC
NOTATION
Music notation

is any system used to visually


represent aurally perceived music
played with instruments or sung by
the human voice through the use
of written, printed,or otherwise-
produced symbols.
Guido d'Arezzo.
9901050
father of musical notation

Italian Benedictine monk,


known for his contributions
to musical notation
and theory.
10TH CENTURY
14TH CENTURY
15TH CENTURY
18th century
20th century
The Basic Symbols of
Music
Bar Line
a vertical line that
divides the staff into
measures.
Double Bar Line
signifies an end of a
musical section or piece of
music.
Musical Score
- a written form of a musical
composition; parts for different
instruments appear on separate
staves on large pages.
Scale
- is a succession of tones
arrange in a regular order,
either ascending or
descending.
Musical Interval

- the difference in pitch


between two notes.
Staff
it consist of 5 lines and 4
spaces.
Space
-one of the areas between or
below or above the lines of a
musical staff; the space are the
notes F-A-C-E
Ledger Line
- short lines place below or
above the staff to show the
pitch of notes that cannot be
contained in the staff are called
ledger lines.
Clef
- a musical notation written on a
staff indicating the pitch of the notes
following it.
Key Signature
The sharps or flats that follow the
clef and indicating the pitch of the
notes following it.
Tonality

Any 24 major or minor diatonic scales that


provide the tonal framework for a piece of music.
The sum of relations, melodic and harmonic,
existing between the tones of scale or musical
system.
Atonality

The absence of key; alternative to the diatonic


system.
Time Signature

A musical notation
indicating the number
of beats to a measure
and kind of note that
take the beats
Time signature

Tells you how the music is to be counted.


Written at the beginning of the staff after the clef
and key signature
Consist of two numbers written like a fraction
Bar/Measure

Musical notation for a repeating pattern of


musical beats
Are used to divide and organize music.
The thick double bar mark the beginning and end
of a piece of music.
Rest

Is an interval of silence in a piece of music,


marked by a symbol indicating the length of the
pause.
Each rest symbol and name corresponding with a
particular note value for length, indicating long
the silence should last.
Notes

Different pitches are named by letters.


The musical alphabet is , in ascending order by
pitch, A, B,C,D,E,F and G, the cycle repeats going
back to A.
SLUR a curved line spanning notes
that are played to be legato.
Legato means tied together
Sharp a musical indicating one note
step higher than note named.
Flat a musical notation indicating one
note lower than the note named.

Natural a notation cancelling a


previous sharp or flat.
Natural tones C-D-E-F-G-A-B-C
musical alphabet
Accidental a musical notation that
make a note sharp, flat or natural although
that is not part of the key signature.
Fermata - a musical notation (over a
note or chord or rest) that indicates it
is to be prolonged by an unspecified
amount.
Solmisation, solmization
-a system of naming the notes of a
musical scale by syllables instead of
letters
Segno - a notation written at the
beginning or end of a passage that is
to be repeated

Sforzando a notation written above


a note and indicating that it is to be
played with a strong initial attack
Music - an artistic form of auditory
communication incorporating
instrumental or vocal tones in a
structured and continues manner.
QUIZ
Assignment :
Define the following Elements of Music.
( To be written in a 1 whole sheet of paper)

Rhythm
Melody
Harmony
Form
Tonality
Texture
Dynamics