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Reading

Techniqu
es
Scanning & Skimming
two reading skills most
needed when you have to
read, to learn, and to
search for information
from volumes of reading
materials.
Skimming
is used in looking for
general ideas
you skim pages, chapters,
tables of contents, and even
dictionaries
to find out if the reading
material contains the
information needed
refers to the process of
reading only main ideas
within a passage to get
an overall impression of
the content of a reading
selection
Scanning
is done to find specific
information in answer to
specific questions
is a reading technique to be
used when you want to find
specific information quickly
Reading for Comprehension

refers to a covert process wherein


the reader uses his purposes and
experiences as he interacts with
written language to construct
meaning (according to Espiritu)
this mean that you should be able
to understand and grasp the
meaning of what you are reading
REDW
Read
Examine
Decide
Write
Reading for Information

involves not only getting information but


also:
identifying main ideas & stated details
choosing the correct meaning of words
choosing when to perform each step
applying instructions to a situation
encompasses other skills like skimming,
scanning, and comprehension
Context Clues
are hints that the author gives to help
define a difficult or unusual word
clue may appear within the same
sentence or it may be in a preceding or
subsequent sentence
is using words surrounding an unknown
word to determine its meaning
4 common types of context
clues
1.Synonym
2.Antonym
3.Explanation
4.Example
Inferring
means conclusion or
judgment
is a reading skill that is
done by making an
opinion based on given
facts
Inferences are
conclusions drawn
from reading
between the lines in
order to understand,
discern the idea
suggested by the
author
I need to put this on credit, Mr.
David. While I was waiting for the
answer, the farmer raised an
eyebrow, then threw me an
amused, cynical look. But Mr.
Davids face didnt change a bit.
Sure, he said with a firm nod.
He is one of Sotero Garcias
sons, he told the farmer.
Inference: Sotero Garcias name was as good
as cash to the storeowner. Therefore, he
must have been a good debtor in that store.
My husband and I were in the
woods searching for some
hard-to-find wild berries
when I fell over some logs. In
quite a bit of despair, I yelled
for my husband who rushed
right over. With a look of
great concern, he asked, Did
you spill the berries?
When one of the salesmen in our office
arrived two hours late for work, he
sheepishly explained that he and his
wife had been arguing the previous
night. If you cant speak to me nicely,
you shouldnt speak at all, he had
yelled at her. Then he spent the night on
the sofa. The next morning he awoke to
find the sun high up, the house quiet
and his wife long gone to work. A note
on the coffee table beside him said,
Bryan, its time to wakeup.
At the end of the semester, the
instructor handed out course
evaluation forms to his
students. Trying to be funny,
I asked in a loud voice, How
do you spell incompetent?
Im not sure, replied the
professor, but I think it
begins with an F.
Summarizing
and
Paraphrasing
Summarizing
a summary is a brief
restatement of the original
material in your own words.
a summary is a condensed
version of a larger reading
purpose is to give the basic
ideas of the original reading
Remember:
Do not rewrite the original
piece
Keep your summary short
Refer to the central and
main ideas of the original
piece
Read with who, what,
when, where, why and
how questions in mind
Do not put in your opinion
of the issue or topic
discussed in the original
piece
A summary is an
overview of a text
The main idea is given,
but details, examples
and formalities are left
out
aim is to reduce or condense a
text to its most important
ideas
Summarizing is a useful skill
for making notes from
readings and in lectures,
writing an abstract/synopsis
and incorporating material in
assignments
Paraphrasing
a paraphrase is a restatement of the
authors ideas in about the same number
of words as in the original
Paraphrasing is a way of presenting a
text, keeping the same meaning, but
using different words.
A paraphrase may result in a longer,
rather than shorter, version of the
original text
Paraphrasing is also a
useful skill for making
notes from readings,
note-taking in lectures,
and explaining
information in tables,
charts and diagrams
Outlining
is a reading skill used in
taking down notes from a
reading material.
enables one to differentiate
general information from one
which is specific
Types
1.Topic outline
2.Sentence outline
3.Mixed outline
4.Paragraph outline
Formats
Number-Letter

Decimal
Requirements of a Good
Outline
Logical subordination
Parallel structure
Mechanics
first words of the outline are always
capitalized
no end punctuation (for topic outlines)
The title is written
Understanding non-prose
forms
Graphs
Charts

Tables

Maps

Photographs
Exercise
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