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NATIONALITY informal membership in or identification with a particular nation (which is not a synonym for country or state) . CITIZENSHIP membership in a political community such as a city or state with full and civil and political privilege and allegiance of all members of a political community.


and [4] Those who are naturalized in accordance with law. ARTICLE IV SECTION 1 Section 1. [2] Those whose fathers or mothers are citizens of the Philippines. [3] Those born before January 17. who elect Philippine citizenship upon reaching the age of majority. . 1973. of Filipino mothers. The following are citizens of the Philippines: [1] Those who are citizens of the Philippines at the time of the adoption of this Constitution.

JUS SANGUINIS (Latin: right of blood) Citizenship by virtue of blood relationship. JUS SOLI (Latin: right of the soil) Citizenship by virtue of place of birth regardless the citizenship of the parents . Children follow the citizenship of parents .

QUALIFICATIONS FOR NATURALIZATION 1. 10 years continuous residency in the Philippines 3. good moral character .NATURALIZATION The legal act of adopting a foreigner and clothing him with the privileges of a natural born citizen. 21 years old and above 2.

000 or lucrative trades. profession or lawful occupation 5. must be able to speak or write English or Spanish or any one of the principal languages6. real estate of more than P5. children enrolled in a government recognized public school . QUALIFICATIONS FOR NATURALIZATION 4.

Citizens at the time of the adoption of this constitution. ARTICLE IV SECTION 2 Section 2. KINDS OF CITIZENS UNDER THE CONSTITUTION: 1. Those who are naturalized in accordance with the law. Those who elect Philippine citizenship in accordance with paragraph (3). Section 1 hereof shall be deemed natural-born citizens. Those who elect citizenship upon the age of reason. . Natural-born citizens 2. 3. Natural-born citizens are those who are citizens of the Philippines from birth without having to perform any act to acquire or perfect their Philippine citizenship. and 4.

ARTICLE IV SECTION 3 Section 3. Philippine citizenship may be lost or reacquired in the manner provided by law. . By subscribing to an oath of allegiance to support the Constitution and law of a foreign country. Grounds for Losing Philippine Citizenship: 1. By Naturalization in a foreign country 2. By Expatriation 3.

5.By cancellation of his certificate of naturalization by the court. Grounds for Reacquiring Philippine Citizenship 1. By direct act of Congress . By Repatriation 3. By rendering service to or accepting commission in the armed forces of a foreign country. and 6.By having been declared by competent authority a desertes of the Philippine Armed Forces in time of war. By Naturalization 2. Grounds for Losing Philippine Citizenship 4.

ARTICLE IV SECTION 4 Section 4. to have renounced it. under the law. ARTICLE IV SECTION 5 Section 5. Citizens of the Philippines who marry aliens shall retain their citizenship. Allegiance. Dual allegiance of citizens is inimical to the national interest and shall be dealt with by law. they are deemed. unless by their act or omission.loyalty owed by a person to his government .