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PRESENTATION

ON
WATER & EFFLUENT
TREATMENT
AT CFCL
Presented by Praveen Suthar
GET
TOPICS COVERED
RAW WATER SYSTEM

WATER PRETREATMENT PLANT

WATER DEMINERALISATION PLANT

EFFLUENT TREATMENT PLANT


RAW WATER SYSTEM
WATER CONSUMPTION CENTERS
Drinking Water

Service Water
Filter Backwash

WATER

Cooling Water
DM Makeup Makeup

Fire Water
WATER CONSUMPTION
PATTERN
WATER CONSUMPTION FOR YEAR 2002-2003

Cooling Tower Make


Up
70% Drinking Water (F&C)
7%

Service Water
4%
Filter Backwash
2%

Fire Hydrants
DM Make Up 7%
10%
RAW WATER SYSTEM
SOURCE OF WATER
The source of raw water for Chambal
Fertilizer and Chemical Ltd is Kalisindh
River.This river is non perennial in
nature.We have installed our pumping
station at a natural build reservoir of the
river which is about 6 km from the
factory.
SCHEMATIC SKETCH SHOWING KALISINDH RIVER AND ITS SURROUNDINGS
KOTA BARAN
ROAD (NH-76)

RIVER
L
ANA

INDH
ARC

KALIS
DAB
CHISA

KHAN KI
TO A
JHOPRI PALAITHA NTA

PROPOSED
I PICKUP WEIR
CAP : 1070 MG

BHATTI PURA
II
CAP : 170 MG
RI

TO
GH

M AD
T

HY
AP
M

RA
DE
AI

III SH
N

HARIPURA
CAP : 991 MG
CA
NA
L
RAW WATER SYSTEM
RAW WATER PUMPING STATION
The pumping station consists of 4 nos of
vertical, turbo, multistage pumps of
capacity 630m/hr and head of 68
MLC.These pumps are installed on the
top of an intake well which is circular
,vertical RCC structure (intake well is
shown in sketch no.1)
RAW WATER SYSTEM
LAYOUT OF PUMPING SATION AT KALISINDH RIVE

PUMP
HOUSE 24 " Supply Header

R.L. 243.75

Shaft Length 32.5 M

INTAKE
WELL

R.L. 207.50 M

R.L. 221.65 M
6 Meters
ROCK

R.L. 206.50 M
TUNNEL
2000 MM

R.L. 203.0 M
R.L. 204.50 M

`
RAW WATER SYSTEM
RAW WATER STORAGE FACILITY
The raw water is pumped from Kalisidh
river to the factory through 24 and6
KM CS pipe and stored in two Raw water
reservoirs of capacity 60000m
each.There is also provision of
chlorination of raw water at the entry to
reservoir.

End
WATER PRE-TREATMENT

DRG
WATER PRE-TREATMENT
STEPS INVOLED IN WATER PRETREATMENT

Chlorination

Clarification

Filtration
WATER PRE-TREATMENT
CHLORINATION
The objective of the chlorination of raw water in this plant is to
ensure that organic matter trapped in flocs can not travel
outside the floc, to minimize the bacterial growth during
storage of sludge
When chlorine gas is injected into water, the following chemical
reaction takes place:
H2O + Cl2 = HCl + HOCl
The HOCL being a strong oxidizing agent, oxidizes the organic
matters in water resulting instantaneous death of living matter
thus disinfecting water
In this plant, raw water is chlorinated in the stilling chamber to
ensure that bacterial content is negligible. Dosing rate is set to
ensure that free chlorine is detectable at flash mixer outlet.
WATER PRE-TREATMENT
CLARIFICATION
Suspended solids responsible for the
turbidity and color are characterized by
small size of particles which varies from
0.001 to 100 microns. These colloidal
particles carries a distinct change on its
surface by which it repels the other colloidal
particles and prevent it from
agglomerating. In clariflocculation the
charge of the colloidal particles are
neutralized /reduced so that these can
agglomerate to bigger size and settle down.
WATER PRE-TREATMENT
STEPS OF CLARIFLOCULATION
COAGULATION --A process by which the charge
of the colloidal particles are neutralized or
minimized and make it ready for flocculation
FLOCULATION-A process in which the
neutralized colloidal are agglomerated to-gather
to a size heavier enough to settle down
SEDIMENTATION---A process of settling down of
heavier particles by gravity
WATER PRE-TREATMENT
PROCESS OF COAGULATION AND FLOCULATION
In our plant we use alum /PAC as coagulant.
The active component of alum is aluminum
sulphate. It dissociates in water as follows:
Al2 (SO4) 3 + 6 H2O = 2 AL (OH) 3 + 3 H2SO4.
In the neutral pH range, disassociation
constant of Al (OH)3 is minimum and flocs are
formed. The fine materials in suspension is
trapped in the large pores of the floc. Since
the flocs are large and become heavy, the
flocs containing foreign matter settle down to
the bottom.
WATER PRE-TREATMENT
PROCESS OF COAGULATION AND
FLOCULATION
The reaction between water and aluminum
hydroxide Al (OH3) also produce charge
species such as Al (OH)2+, and Al (O H)4.-
These species thus formed combines with
charged colloidal particles reducing zeta
potential. This results in agglomeration of
the colloidal particles.
In the flocculation zone, the slow moving
paddles bring the flocs together to
agglomerate the flocs and make them
heavier to settle down.
WATER PRE-TREATMENT
FILTRATION
When liquid containing suspended
matters passes through a packed
column containing fine particles of
material inert to the liquid, the packing
traps the suspended matter effecting
the filtration
In our plant gravity sand and dual media
filters are used for filtration of the water
WATER PRE-TREATMENT
PROCESS DESCRIPTION OF WATER PRETREATMENT PLANT
The water treatment plant consists of two streams
of clarifloculator of 800 m /hr and one nos of tube
settler of 400m/hr.The raw water from raw water
reservoir is pumped by the clarifier feed pumps(P-
902) to the stilling chamber. This reduces the
kinetic energy of water in an open tank ensuring
that pressure and flow oscillations applicable at
the discharge of the pump are dampened to
insignificant level. This dampening ensures that
no external disturbance influences formation,
growth and settling of floc in the clarifloculator.
This is of special significance during change of
plant operating load.
DRG
WATER PRE-TREATMENT
HEMATIC OF WATER PRETREATMENT PLANT
RAW
WATER CLARIFIER A
FROM
RESERVIOUR Capacity 1600 M3 BACKWASH PUMP

FILTER WATER WELL


PAC
A

P-903A/B/C P-5903A/B

FLASH B
MIXER
A CLARIFIER B
S
STILLING FLASH A
CHAMBER MIXER N C
B D

F
I FILTER FILTER FILTER
CHLORINE
L D WATER WATER WATER
PAC TANK A
T TANK B TANK C
E
R
S

PAC DMFI

CHLORINE TO SW II TO CT GP-II
DMFI TO ACT TO UCT TO DMP TO DW TO SW I

FIRE PUMPS 7 NOS


TUBE SETLLER
WATER PRE-TREATMENT
PROCESS DESCRIPTION OF WATER PRETREATMENT PLANT
Chlorine solution, is fed into the stilling chamber.
Primary purpose of chlorination is to improve the
efficiency in the trapping of the bacterial matter in
the flocs and to limit slurry the organic growth in the
slurry pit.

Water from the stilling chamber flows to the flash
mixer by gravity. Chemical solution i.e. Alum/PAC is
fed into flash mixer through pipes from their
respective dosing tanks and pumps. These chemicals
are added as coagulant. The agitator inside the flash
mixer ensures that uniform solution of coagulant is
piped from the flash mixer to the floculator zone of
the clarifier. DRG
WATER PRE-TREATMENT
PROCESS DESCRIPTION OF WATER PRETREATMENT PLANT
In the flocculation zone, rotating paddles suspended
from the flocculating arm ensure mixing with minimum
disturbance. This helps in formation of flocs and
agglomeration of the flocs to larger size. Most of the
flocs settle down at the bottom and water flows radially
out of the clarifier zone. The squeezers hung from the
clarifier bridge push the sludge towards the center.
Suspended solid content in the clarifier zone is relatively
small, the retention time is much higher (155 mts), and
the flow is upward. This zone is considered to be static
and further settling of the flocs takes place without any
hindrance. Squeezers are provided to push the sludge to
the floculator zone. The squeezers are mounted from
the bridge, which revolves once in 25 minutes.

DRG
WATER PRE-TREATMENT
PROCESS DESCRIPTION OF WATER PRETREATMENT PLANT
The clarified water from the outer zone of the clarifier
flows to the outer launder of the clarifloculator. Water
from the launder flows to the filters through 22 dia pipe.
A circular baffle plate, projecting 75 mm above the water
levels prevents carry over of scum in to the launder. The
scum retained by the baffle plat is led into a collector and
diverted to a drain.
A skimmer is suspended from the clarifier arm and
transfers the scum to near the baffle plat ereducing the
scope for mixing the scum with the clarified water.
The clear water from the clarifier is filtered by the gravity
sand filters and is stored in the filtered water storage
tank from which it is pumped to different load centers.

DRG
WATER PRE-TREATMENT
PROCESS DESCRIPTION OF WATER PRETREATMENT PLANT
Four nos of concrete filters each having two
beds have been provided for the filtration of
water. The filtered water at the outlet of the
filter is led to the underground covered RCC
tank. The filtered water from this well is
transferred to the three fire cum filter water
storage tanks having 18000 M each. Lower 8 m
of the tank serves as fire water tank and the
region above acts as filter water tank.

Pumps draws the water from the filter water
tanks and supplies to different load centers.
DRG
WATER PRE-TREATMENT
PROCESS DESCRIPTION OF WATER PRETREATMENT PLANT
TUBE SETTLER
The raw water is first received in the stilling
chamber where coagulant is mixed. The thoroughly
mixed water from stilling chamber passes into
flocculators to facilitate flocculation.
The water then enters the tube zone from the
bottom and rises up through the inclined tubes. The
flocs due to density difference will start settling
down. The clarified water will rise upwards and get
collected in uniformly spaced troughs. Clear water
flows to the dual media filter where filtration takes
place. Filter water then flows to filter water well
from which its pumped filter water tanks. The
separated sludge will slide down the tube and will
be drained off by hydrostatic head.
DRG
WATER PRE-TREATMENT
DESIGN WATER QUALITY OF WATER PRETREATMENT PLANT
FILTERED WATER
IN FLOW TO
S.No. CONSTITUENTS UNIT FROM SAND
CLARIFIER
FILTER
1 Total Hardness as C aC o 3 PPM 150.0 150.0

2 Ca++ as C aC o 3 PPM 70.0 70.0

3 Mg++ as C aC o 3 PPM 80.0 80.0

4 Na++ as C aC o 3 PPM 120.0 120.0

5 K+ as C aC o 3 PPM 5.0 5.0

6 Total Cation as C aC o 3 PPM 275.0 275.0


-
7 HCO3 as C aC o 3 PPM 190.0 176.5
-
8 CO3 as C aC o 3 PPM 10.0 10.0
-
9 CL PPM 35.0 35.0
-
10 SO 4 PPM 35.0 48.5
-
11 NO3 PPM 3.0 2.0
WATER PRE-TREATMENT
DESIGN WATER QUALITY OF WATER PRETREATMENT PLANT
FILTERED WATER
IN FLOW TO
S.No. CONSTITUENTS UNIT FROM SAND
CLARIFIER
FILTER
-
12 F PPM 2.0 2.0
13 Total Anion PPM 275.0 275.0
14 M-Alk PPM 200.0 186.5
15 P-Alk PPM 10.0 10.0
16 Silica as Sio2 PPM 14.0 14.0
17 Iron as Fe PPM 0.3 0.3
18 Turbidity NTU 250.0 <2
19 pH 7.5~8.5 7.5~8.5
20 Suspended Solid PPM 500.0 -
21 Temperature C 40.0 40.0
22 Capacity M/ Hr 1600.0 1200.0
23 TD S PPM 370.0 370.0
WATER PRE-TREATMENT
BASINS / TANKS / PITS OF WATER PRETREATMENT PLANT
S.No. Basins / Tanks / Pits Service Capacity

1 Stilling Chamber To remove turbulence in the incoming raw 80 M Nom.


water and enable feed of backwash water,
chlorine solution and, as appropriate,
acid/alkali, recycled slurry.

2 Flash Mixer Basin To add coagulants (Alum & 8.712 M each


Polyelectrolyte) to raw water and assure
through mixing.

3 Clariflocculator To trap suspended matter in flocs of 800 M/Hr (Each)


coagulant, settle the flocs and remove it at
bottom as sludge, and deliver clarified
water to the outlet launder assuring
freedom from scum.

4 Gravity Filters To trap suspended solids present in 400 M/Hr (Each)


clarified water and reduce suspended solids
content to 2 mg/litre or less.
WATER PRE-TREATMENT
BASINS / TANKS / PITS OF WATER PRETREATMENT PLANT
5 Filter Water Well Receive filter water from A-0901 A-D 1600 M
and transfer the water to T-0912 A,B
through P-0903 A,B,C.

6 Backwash Storage Pit Receive backwash waste from A-0901 A,


D; transfer further through P-0911 A,B.

7 Sludge Well To store clarifier bottom (slurry)

8 Alum Tank To store Alum solution 20 M


WATER PRE-TREATMENT
PUMPS IN WATER PREATMENT PLANT
S.No. Pumps Tag No./MAKE Quantity Capacity Discharge
Pressure

1 Filtered Water Well P-0903 A,B,C / 3 Nos. 825/800 3.2 Kg/Cmg


Pumps BEACON WEIR M/Hr

2 Slurry Effluent Pump P-0902 A,B / 2 Nos. 42 MHr 2.1 Kg/Cmg


BEACON WEIR

3 CT-I Make up Pump P-0905 A,B/ 2 Nos. 535/520 2.7 ~ 3.7 Cmg
BEACON WEIR M/Hr

4 CT-II Make up Pump P-0906 A,B/ 2 Nos. 310/300 2.7 ~ 3.7 Cmg
BEACON WEIR M/Hr

5 Dewater Pump P-0907 / SU 1 No. 2 M / Hr 1.5 Kg/Cmg


MOTOR
WATER PRE-TREATMENT
PUMPS IN WATER PREATMENT PLANT
6 B/W Water Return P-011 A,B / 2 Nos. 65/60 M/Hr 2.5 Kg/Cmg
Pump BEACON WEIR

7 Filtered Water Pump P-012 A,B,C / 3 Nos. 205/180 7 ~ 8 Kg/Cmg


BEACON WEIR M/Hr

8 B/W Water Pump P-013 A,B / 2 Nos. 1020/1000 2 ~ 3 Kg/Cmg


BEACON WEIR M/Hr

9 Service Water Pump P-014 A,B / 2 Nos. 60/50 M/Hr 9 ~ 10 Kg/Cmg


BEACON WEIR

10 Drinking Water Pump P-015 A,B / 2 Nos. 60/50 M/Hr 9-10 Kg/Cmg
BEACON WEIR

11 Alum dosing Pumps P-011 A,B,C / 3 Nos. 0.5 M/Hr 1.1 Kg/Cmg
SHAPOOTOOLS
WATER PRE-TREATMENT
Blowers
S.No. Blowers Tag No. Quantity Capacity Discharge
Pressure

1 Backwash Blowers K-0902 A,B / 2 Nos. 1440 Nm/Hr 0.4 Kg/Cmg


SWAM
PENUMATICS

End
WATER DEMINERALISATION PLANT
WATER DEMINERALISATION PLANT

PURPOSE
DM Plant is designed to produce polished water
suitable for boiler feed.

REQUIREMENT OF BOILER WATER QUALITY


It should not form scale in boiler

It should not corrode the boiler

It should not cause priming and foaming in the


boiler
It should not cause embrittlement in boiler

To get this type of water dissolved salts


responsible for scale formation, corrosion, priming
and foaming are removed
WATER DEMINERALISATION PLANT

PRINCIPLE EMPLOYED FOR


DEMINERALISATION IN D.M.PLANT
ION EXCHANGE
Ion exchange is a process in which cation and
anions are exchanged with cation and anions of
a solid sorbent called ion exchanger Separation
of cations and anions by this process involves an
ionic exchange reaction between the mineral
ions in the water, with hydrogen and hydroxyl
ions on the ion exchange resin.
WATER DEMINERALISATION PLANT

CATION EXCHANGE REACTION


The Cation exchanger contains strongly
acidic cation exchanger resin in H form.
When filtered water is passed through it
the cation like Calcium, Magnesium and
sodium are retained and by the resin and
equal number of hydrogen ions are given
to water
R H + Ca++ - R Ca + H+
R H + Mg++ - R Mg + H+
R H + Na+ - R Na + H+
WATER DEMINERALISATION PLANT

ANION EXCHANGE REACTION


The anion exchanger contains anion
exchange resin in hydroxyle form. In anion
exchanger, anions like chlorides,
Sulphates, bicarbonates, are removed by
the resin and equal number of hydroxyl
ions are given to the water

R OH + Cl - R Cl + OH-
R OH + SO4 - R SO4 + OH-
R OH + HCO3 - R HCO3 + OH-
WATER DEMINERALISATION PLANT

CATION EXCHANGER
REGENERATION PROCESS
When the resin is exhausted, is regenerated
by using hydrochloric acid or Sulphuric acid

R Ca + HCl - R-H + CaCl2
R Mg + HCl - R-H + MgCl2

R Na + HCl - R-H + NaCl


WATER DEMINERALISATION PLANT

ANION EXCHANGER REGENERATION


PROCESS
When the resin is exhausted, is regenerated
by using dilute solution of sodium hydroxide.
R Cl + NaOH - R OH + NaCl
R SO4 + NaOH - R OH + Na2SO4
R HCO3 + NaOH - R OH + NaHCO3
WATER DEMINERALISATION PLANT

D.M.PLANT AT CFCL Gadepan


D.M.UNIT
STONG ACID CATION EXCHANGER
DEGASSIFIER TOWER
WEAK BASE ANION EXCHANGER
STRONG BASE ANION EXCHANGER
CONDENSATE POLISHING UNIT
STRONG ACID CATION EXCHANGER
DEGASSIFIER TOWER
MIXED BED UNITS
MICRON CARTRIDGE FILTERS
DRG
WATER DEMINERALISATION PLANT

PROCESS DESCRIPTION OF D.M. UNIT


Filtered water is supplied from filter water
storage tank and is passed through
activated carbon filter to remove free
chlorine, traces of suspended solids.
The filtered water then passes through
strong acid cation unit. The Cation
exchanger contains strongly acidic cation
exchanger resin in H form. When filtered
water is passed through it the cation like
Calcium, Magnesium and sodium are
retained and by the resin and converts
equivalent mineral acidity into free mineral
acidity. DRG
WATER DEMINERALISATION PLANT

PROCESS DESCRIPTION OF D.M. UNIT


The decationised water is passed through
atmospheric racing ring packed degasser
tower from the top. Air is introduced from
the bottom of the tower and passes
through the racing ring in the upward
direction. The carbonic acid in decationised
water being very unstable breaks to
carbon dioxide + water degasified water
from storage tank is pumped through
Weak base Anion Exchanger

DRG
WATER DEMINERALISATION PLANT

PROCESS DESCRIPTION OF D.M. UNIT


Weak Base Anion exchanger contains
Weak base anion resin which have high
capacity to remove acidity compared to
Strong Base resin. All the acid of
decationised water is removed in WBA
except weak acid like carbonic and silicic
acid Water from WBA outlet passes
through Strong Base Anion exchanger
which contains strong base anion resin.
Here, left out acidity like silicic and
carbonic acid is removed. DRG
WATER DEMINERALISATION PLANT
SCHEMATIC OF DM PLANT
DEGASS ER
3 NOS

DM STORAGE
SBA TANK 1
SAC WBA
DEGASS ED UNIT
ACF UNIT UNIT MIXED
WATER 3 NOS
UNIT 3 NOS 3 NOS BED UNIT
STORAGE
3 NOS 4 NOS
TANK
GP 1
3 NOS

DEGASS ER
TOWER TC

MCF
UNIT
APC PROCESS
SAC 3 NOS
GP - 1

CONDENSATE DEGASSED
STORAGE UNIT
UPC ACF WATER
TANK 2 NOS DM STORAGE MIXED
UNIT S TORAGE
TANK 2 BED UNIT
SC 2 NOS TANK
4 NOS
3 NOS
GP 2

DEGASSER
TOWER
G P -2

APC
PROCESS SAC
DEGAS SED
UPC CONDENSATE UNIT
ACF WATER
STORAGE 2 NOS
UNIT S TORAGE
PW STORAGE
TANK 2 NOS TANK
TANK 1 GP-I
3 NOS

SC

TC
MCF MCF
PW STORAGE
UNITS UNIT
TANK 2 GP-II
3 MOS 3
NOS
WATER DEMINERALISATION PLANT

CONDENSATE POLISING UNIT


SOURCE OF CONDENSATE
Ammonia process condensate

Urea process condensate

Stem condensate

DRG
WATER DEMINERALISATION PLANT

The design quality of Ammonia process


condensate (GP I)

Component Unit Design


Value
Ammonia ppm as such 40
Methanol ppm as such 80
Carbon Dioxide ppm as such 40
Flow Rate M/Hr 160
WATER DEMINERALISATION PLANT

The design quality of Urea process


condensate (GP I)
Component Unit Design
Value
Ammonia ppm as such 10
Methanol ppm as such 10
Carbon Dioxide ppm as such 10
Flow Rate M/Hr 84
WATER DEMINERALISATION PLANT

The design quality of Steam Condensate


(GP I)

Component Unit Design


Value
Flow T/H
235
Oil Content PPM Zero
WATER DEMINERALISATION PLANT

PROCESS DESCRIPTION OF CONDENSATE


POLOSING UNIT
Return condensate consists of process
condensate from Ammonia plant, process
condensate from urea plant and steam
condensate. The condensate is polished in CP
unit before recycling.
Ammonia and Urea process condensate is stored
in a common buffer tank and is pumped in to the
Activated Carbon Filter to remove suspended
particles and oil present in condensate. The ACF
contains de-oiling grade of activated carbon

DRG
WATER DEMINERALISATION PLANT
PROCESS DESCRIPTION OF CONDENSATE
POLOSING UNIT
The condensate then flows to Strong Acid Cation
exchanger containing strong base cation. In SAC
Ammonia is exchanged with H+ ions of the resin.
The cation unit is designed to handle 87.23
ppm of ammonia as CaCO3
The condensate treated from SAC unit is fed to a
single Degassifier Tower where the carbon
dioxide in the condensate is vented off. The
degassed water after storage is pumped to DM
water storage tank from where it is further
polished by passing it through mixed bed unit.

DRG
WATER DEMINERALISATION PLANT

PROCESS DESCRIPTION OF CONDENSATE


POLOSING UNIT
The steam condensate is passed through
micron cartridge filters before being fed
to DM water storage tank.

Methanol and Urea, the non-ionic
dissolved impurities in the condensate
remains untreated and pass through all
ion exchanger units).

DRG
WATER DEMINERALISATION PLANT

MIXED BED UNITS


For final polishing of boiler make up water
comprising of demineralised water produced
from DM Unit, and various condensate
returns , mixed beds are provided. The
mixed bed contains mixed resin of SAC and
SBA resin. Water from DM water tank (mixer
of DM water, condensate) is pumped
through the mixed bed where final traces of
cation and anion are removed converting it
to pure water having silica less than .02
ppm and conductivity less than 2 us

DRG
WATER DEMINERALISATION PLANT

TURBINE CONDENSATE FILTRATION UNIT


The turbine condensate returning from
different plant is filtered in micron
cartridge filters and then send to
polished water tank. There are six nos of
MCF filters.

DRG
WATER DEMINERALISATION PLANT

DESIGN PARAMETER OF D.M. PLANT


Parameter Unit ACF SAC WBA SBA

No. of Unit Nos. 3 3 3 3

Normal flow M/Hr 90 90 90 90

Max. Flow M/Hr 105 105 105 105

OBR M 2160 2160 2160 2160

Resin Type Activated Indion 225 Indion 850 Indion FF


Carbon IP

Regenerant HCL Effluent of NaoH


SBA
WATER DEMINERALISATION PLANT

DESIGN PARAMETER OF D.M. PLANT


PARAM UNIT ACF SAC MB ACF SAC MB
TER GP#1 GP#1 GP#1 GP#2 GP#2 GP#2

No. of Nos. 2 2 4 2 2 4
Unit

Normal M/Hr 136 136 170 165 165 170


Flow

OBR M 3000 3000 28560 3600 3600 29658

Resin Activate Indion Indion Activate T 42 H T 42 H


Type d 225 225 + d +
Carbon Indion Carbon A 23 P
FF IP

Regener HCL HCl + HCl HCL +


ant NaoH NaoH

End
EFFLUENT TREATMENT
PLANT
EFFLUENT TREATMENT PLANT

SOURCE OF EFFLUENT
1. Neutralized effluent from DM Plant
2. ACT#1 / UCT#1 blow down water
3. Side stream filter backwash water from
Ammonia and Urea Cooling Tower
4. Oily water from Ammonia Urea plant
5. Clearate water from Slurry centrifuge
and oily.
EFFLUENT TREATMENT PLANT

ETP AREA CONSIST OF

1. Mixing pond section


2. Oil separator
3. Slurry centrifuge
4. Hazardous drum washing station
EFFLUENT TREATMENT PLANT

MIXING POND SECTION


The mixing pond section consists of
- 6 Nos of mixing chamber
- 1 no. of Stabilisation compartment
- 2 nos. of mixing compartment
- 3 nos. of mixing pond pumps
- 2 nos. of mixing pond blowers

DRG
EFFLUENT TREATMENT PLANT
LAYOUT OF EFFLUENT TREATMENT PLANT

COOLING TOWER BLOW DOWN

Stabilisation Compartment
FLOW METER

Mixing compartments
Mixing Chambers
REGENERATION WASTE FROM DMP

FLOW METER

TO RWR
TO Forest
CLEARATE
PIT TO GB

CLARIFIER BLOWDOWN
CENTRIFUGE
TO HOLDING POND

OILY WATER FROM AMMONIA & UREA


OIL SAPERATOR

FLOW METER
EFFLUENT TREATMENT PLANT

PROCES DESCRITION
The neutralized effluent from DM Plant,
cooling tower blow down water from
cooling tower, filter backwash water from
cooling tower, Clearate water from oil
separator enters for the 1st compartment
of the mixing chamber and flows through
other compartment to the stabilization
compartment. The path of the water flow
through mixing chamber is zigzag to
ensure thorough mixing of the different
effluent to form a homogenous mixer.
DRG
EFFLUENT TREATMENT PLANT

PROCES DESCRITION
The mixed effluents there after flows to the
stabilization compartment where the mixed
effluents are stabilized. These influents the
passes for two nos. of mixing compartment
adhere continuous agitation goes on.
There is provision for diluting of the
effluent if required by raw water.

The final neutralized and treated effluent is
pumped to Holding Pond and part of this is
utilized for irrigation network.

DRG
EFFLUENT TREATMENT PLANT

OIL SEPARTATOR
The oil water from Ammonia and Urea
plant of GP1 / GP2 is treated in the oil
separator of ETP. Emulsified oil removed
and solid removal is carried out by
flocculators by dosing alum and
polyelectrolyte. Oily layer from the top is
skimmed out, collected in drum and sold
as used oil. The clear water is taken to
mixing pond.
The capacity of oil separator is 10 m/hr
DRG
EFFLUENT TREATMENT PLANT

HAZARDOUS DRUM WASHING STATION


In this section the empty drums
containing hazardous chemical are
washed. The effluent generated during
washing is pumped to the mixing pond.