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HOW DOES THE

VAPOUR ABSORPTION

WORK
Basic Funda
LiBr
Hygroscopic Nature
Properties
Water
Properties
WHAT IS A DUHRING
DIAGRAM ?
A Duhring Diagram shows the relationship
between the vapour pressure and LiBr
solution with respect to
pressure,temperature and concentration of
LiBr,at equilibrium
C
PRESSURE ( mm OF HG) DUHRING DIAGRAM FOR S.E M/C

REFRIGERANT CYCLE

ABSORBENT CYCLE

i Condenser (d-i) c Gen (c -d)


58 d
c

%
%

.5
.5

63
58
)
-c

)
-a
(b

(d
E
H

E
H
LT

LT

Evaporator
j a
6
b a
Absorber (a-b)
Absorber (j-b)

4.5 3840 55 68 95

TEMPERATURE ( DEG C)
Single Effect Steam Driven
ProChill Series Flow Cycle STEAM CONTROL VALVE
GENERATOR
CONDENSER

REFR BLOW
DOWN VALVE

REFRI GERANT PUMP


ABSORBENT PUMP LOW TEMP HEAT EXCHANGER
PURGE OVER FLOW PI PE
PUMP
C
DUHRING DIAGRAM FOR D.E M/C

PRESSURE PROFILES h
High Temp generator (d-e)

d e
707
d
DOUBLE
REFRIGERANT EFFECT
PRESSURE ( mm OF HG)

CYCLE Low Temp generator (e-h)

ABSORBENT CYCLE
LOWER SHELL - 6 mm Hg
HIGH TEMPERATURE GENERATOR - 707 mm
Hg i
Condensor (g-i)
c f
58.3
f g Low Temp gen ( f - g)
LOW TEMPERATURE GENERATOR /
CONDENSER - 58 mm Hg
SINGLE
Evaporator
j
EFFECT
a
6.1
LOWER SHELL b a - 6 mm Hg
Absorber (a-b)
UPPER SHELL - 70 mm Hg
Absorber (j-b)

4 37 41 93 98 158
TEMPERATURE ( DEG C)
PRESSURE PROFILES
DOUBLE EFFECT
LOWER SHELL - 6 mm Hg
HIGH TEMPERATURE GENERATOR - 707 mm
Hg
LOW TEMPERATURE GENERATOR /
CONDENSER - 70 mm Hg
SINGLE EFFECT
LOWER SHELL - 6 mm Hg
UPPER SHELL - 58 mm Hg
HOW DOES THE

VAPOUR ABSORPTION

CREATE AND MAINTAIN

VACUUM
COEFFICIENT OF
PERFORMANCE
Coefficient of Performance(COP) is the
measure of efficiency in a heat pump or
refrigerating machine.
COP = Refrigeration effect/Heat input
COP for different types of Heat Pumps are as
follows :-
Double effect type = 1.2
Single effect type = 0.6