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Material Requirements Planning (MRP)

Forecast Consumption
March 2014
Objectives

At the end of this unit, you will be able to:

Define a forecast consumption method

Explain the MRP results when using the forecast consumption


functionality

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Forecast Concept

Item: Hard Disk Start Date: 01.03 End Date: 31.3. View: weekly

Sales
1100pcs. 1000 pcs. 1100 pcs. 1200 pcs. Weeks
Forecast:

11 12 13 14

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Forecast Consumption Concept

Item: Hard Disk Start Date: 01.03 End Date: 31.3. View: weekly

200 pcs left


Demand forecast
quantity left after 100 pcs left 100 pcs left
consumption
Total
demand
Sales Orders
added for each
1100pcs.
1000 pcs. 1000 1100 pcs.
1000 pcs. 1200
1000 pcs.
week for 1000 pcs 1000 pcs.
pcs. pcs.

Weeks
11 12 13 14

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Consume Forecast
Definitions

General Settings Inventory Planning


Consumption rules set
at the company level
Default for new sales
orders

Can also be changed


per sales order

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Consume Forecast
Scenarios

Forecast periods = weekly


Total demand displayed by weekly intervals

Week 14 Week 15 Week 16


Monday, April 7 Friday, April 11 Monday, April 14
Sales Order:
200 900 300

Forecast:
1000 1000

Total Demand:

? ?

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Consume Forecast
Backward-Forward Scenario (1/4)

Forecast periods = weekly Days backwards and days forward = 6 days


Total demand displayed by weekly intervals Backward-Forward Method

Week 14 Week 15 Week 16


Monday, April 7 Friday, April 11 Monday, April 14
Sales Order:
200 900 300

Forecast:
1000 Assigned to Monday 1000

Total Demand:

? ?

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Consume Forecast
Backward-Forward Scenario (2/4)

Forecast periods = weekly Days backwards and days forward = 6 days


Total demand displayed by weekly intervals Backward-Forward Method

Week 14 Week 15 Week 16


Monday, April 7 Friday, April 11 Monday, April 14
Sales Order:
200 900 300

Forecast:
1000 1000
(800)
Total Demand:
? ?

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Consume Forecast
Backward-Forward Scenario (3/4)

Forecast periods = weekly Days backwards and days forward = 6 days


Total demand displayed by weekly intervals Backward-Forward Method

Week 14 Week 15 Week 16


Monday, April 7 Friday, April 11 Monday, April 14
Sales Order:
200 900 300
1st choice 2nd choice
Forecast:
1000 1000
(0) (800) (900)
Total Demand:
? ?

Consumption is not necessarily taken from the same week (or period)

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Consume Forecast
Backward-Forward Scenario (4/4)

Forecast periods = weekly Days backwards and days forward = 6 days


Total demand displayed by weekly intervals Backward-Forward Method

Week 14 Week 15 Week 16


Monday, April 7 Friday, April 11 Monday, April 14
Sales Order:
200 900 300

Forecast:
1000 1000
(0) (800) (900) (600)
Total Demand:
200+900 1100 300+600 900

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Demo: Consume Forecast Backward-Forward Method

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Consume Forecast
Forward-Backward Scenario (1/2)

Forecast periods = weekly Days backwards and days forward = 6 days


Total demand displayed by weekly intervals Forward-Backward Method

Week 14 Week 15 Week 16


Monday, April 7 Friday, April 11 Monday, April 14
Sales Order:
1 200 2 900 3 300

Forecast:
1000 1000
(800) (100)
Total Demand:
? ?

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Consume Forecast
Forward-Backward Scenario (2/2)

Forecast periods = weekly Days backwards and days forward = 6 days


Total demand displayed by weekly intervals Forward-Backward Method

Week 14 Week 15 Week 16


Monday, April 7 Friday, April 11 Monday, April 14
Sales Order:
1 200 2 900 3 300

Forecast:
1000 1000
(800) (100)
Total Demand:
200+900+800 1900 300

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Consume Forecast
Forward-Backward Vs. Backward-Forward method

Backward-Forward Forward-Backward
Leaves less inventory on hand Leaves more inventory
on hand
Higher risk of fulfilling demand
on time Lower risk of fulfilling demand
on time

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Consume Forecast
Blanket Agreement

Double Click

Sales blanket agreements can


consume forecasts much like
sales orders.

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Analysis of the MRP Report
Consume forecast Scenario

Scenario details for Hard Disk item

Weekly Forecast for 1000 Lead Time (days): 10 Todays date: 10.3.14
weeks 12, 13,14 (pcs):
Order Multiple (pcs): 50

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Analysis of the MRP Report
Consume Forecast Scenario - Lead Time Calculation

Scenario details for Hard Disk item

Weekly Forecast for 1000 Lead Time (days): 10 Todays date: 10.3.14
weeks 12, 13,14 (pcs):
Order Multiple (pcs): 50

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Summary

Key points:

SAP Business One allows consumption of sales orders and blanket


agreements from the forecast.

The MRP report shows the net recommended quantity of the forecast.

We can define a consumption method: Backward-Forward or Forward-


Backward.

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