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SUSTAINABILITY ANALYSIS OF

RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS

Ashok Kumar
Abhilash Vijayan
Department of Civil Engineering
INTRODUCTION
Industrial Revolution
Increased
increased resource Consumption

consumption
Growing population
increases demands for Increasing
Population
resource
Increasing Increasing
Increase in the Pollution Demand

consumption and results in


pollution

Buildings are a major consumer of the resources, and one of the


biggest producers of pollution
INTRODUCTION - FACTS
Buildings in the United States account for:
36% of total energy use and 65% of electricity
consumption
30% of raw materials use
30% of waste output which is 136 million tons
annually
12% of potable water consumption
49% of sulfur dioxide emissions
25% of nitrous oxide emissions
10% of the particulate emissions
35 % of the carbon dioxide emissions
Sustainability
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Development that meets the needs of the present


without compromising the ability of future
generations to meet their own needs
(The Brundtland Commission,1987)

SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS

A Cradle-to-Cradle Approach
SUSTAINABILITY IN
BUILDINGS
Sustainable development measures success in
terms of economic, environmental, and social
benefits.
The ever-increasing need for new construction
and renovation juxtaposed with the resource
and environmental crisis forced the building
industry to expand on this concept, and apply
it to the built environment.
Effect of Sustainability
Working Principles
Application of Sustainability

Pre-Design On-Site Design Construction O&M

Material Selection
Site Analysis Environmentally
Building Program Maintenance Plans
& Assessment Conscious
Project Budget Indoor Quality
Site Development Construction
Team Selection Energy Efficiency
& Layout Preservation of
Partnering Passive Solar Resource Efficiency
Watershed Features &
Project Schedule Design Renovation
Management & Vegetation
Laws, Codes Materials & Housekeeping &
Conservation Waste Mgmt
& Standards Specification Custodial Practices
Site Material IAQ Issues
Research Indoor Air
& Equipment Source Control
Site Selection Quality
Practices
Advanced Features of a
Sustainable Building
Best Building Form
Solar & Energy Efficient Design
Improved Indoor Air Quality
Usage of Green Materials
Proper Mechanical Systems
Efficient Lighting
Proper Testing & Maintenance
Lighting
Daylighting &
Skylighting- Incorporated
lots of natural light to
reduce the need for
electric lighting and the
associated increase in the
air conditioning load
Energy efficient
fluorescent T5s installed in
classrooms
Natural Ventilation

Operable windows pull


fresh air into one side of
the classroom, while
ventilation stacks pull the
air out on the opposite
side of the classroom
At extreme temperatures,
automatic backup
mechanical ventilation
systems can be used
Green Materials
Materials as well as their production, use and
disposal must be safe for the planet. Most of the
materials have specific range of conditions in which
they best work
Sustainable building materials have the following
features:
Durable and easily maintained
Less processing required
Low odor
Low emitting
Cost-effective
Aesthetic
Economics of Green Buildings
Reduction in lighting energy requirements by at least 50 percent
Cut heating and cooling energy consumption by 60 percent
Reduced water consumption by up to 30 percent or more
Lower building operating expenses through reduced utility and
waste disposal costs
Lower on-going building maintenance costs, ranging from
salaries to supplies
Increase worker productivity by six to 16 percent
Higher property values and potentially lower lenders credit risk
Higher building net income
New economic development opportunities
Benefits of Sustainable
Construction
Sustainable construction makes wise use of all the natural
resources and up to 50% reduction in energy use

Improves occupant health, comfort, productivity, reduces


pollution and landfill waste that are not easily quantified

A sustainable building may cost more up front, but saves


through lower operating costs over the life of the building

Building is designed as one system rather than a collection


of stand-alone systems with the help of the integrated system
approach
Building Sustainability
Analysis Tool
Simple user-friendly tool that helps analyze and
assess a building from a sustainability and comfort
standpoint
Sustainable Building Score (SBS) to quantify
building sustainability and performance
Provides options and solutions to increase the
environmental performance of the buildings and
create sustainable buildings
METHODOLOGY

QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS

QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS

Energy Water Building Envelope Pollution Prevention

Lights Appliances Fixtures Window Insulation


LIGHTS
Type of Bulb
Number of Bulbs
Wattage
Usage

Number of Bulbs Wattage Usage per day Days used


Annual Energy Consumptio n
1000

Recommendations
Based on Illumination provided (in lumens) by the
users selection
LIGHTING -
RECOMMENDATION
FIXTURES

SHOWERHEAD FLUSH
FAUCET

Flow rate
Usage

Annual Water Usa ge Gallons per minute Number of people Usage / day
Duration of Use Days of Use

Recommendations
Set by DOE to reduce flow rate
ANNUAL EXPENDITURE
INTERPRETATION OF
RESULTS
The tool calculates the sustainability of a
building in terms of Sustainable Building (SB)
Score
SUSTAINABLE BUILDING
SCORE
Thank you!

More information at
http://p2tools.utoledo.edu/