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Surface Testing

VALVES

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Valves slide 1
Surface Testing

VALVES
Valves or taps are

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devices fitted to piping or
equipment and designed
to control the flow of fluids.
ex: a 3 gate, ball or
butterfly valve, means a 3
ID

Valves slide 2
VALVES Surface Testing
HIGH pressure MEDIUM pressure LOW pressure
(5000 psi and above) (~1500 psi) (~180 psi)

Flowhead Separators Tanks

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Choke manifold, Sand-trap Oil/Gas manifolds
Heater & Steam-exchanger Pumps, Burners
1)GATE valves 1)BALL valves 1)BUTTERFLY
2)NEEDLE valves (~sampling~) 2)PLUG valves 2)GLOBE valves

1)WOM new, (McEvoy, 1)Mapegaz, Gachot


Malbranque, Sereg old) 2)Texseal, Balon
2)Kerotest, Autoclave

Valves slide 3
GATE Surface Testing
valves
Used for shut off, (on/off
function)
High pressure (5, 10, 15,

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20Kpsi)
ex: FH, CM, Steam-exchanger,
Sand-trap
Sealing method:
-metal/metal for WOM valve
-grease sealing compound for
McEvoy valve
Standard sizes= 3 1/16 to 4
1/16 Valves slide 4
GATE Surface Testing
valves

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WOM

Valves slide 5
GATE Surface Testing
valves Gate
Seal assembly with 0-ring

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WOM

Grease Fitting
(for storage
metal seals only)

Valves slide 6
GATE Surface Testing
valves

GATE
WOM

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WOM.exe

metal/metal seal

Valves slide 7
GATE Surface Testing
Surface
valves Testing

McEvoy

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(pressure trapped)

Sealing done Grease fittings for


with the special
Special sealing
grease
compound grease

Grease fitting for


standard grease

VALVE CLOSED
Valves slide 8
reservoir
Surface Testing
Surface
GATE Testing
valves
reservoir
seat

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McEvoy
gates
possibility to
inject grease
under pressure seat

self-
bottom grease
greasing/sealing fitting for normal
under pressure grease only
with valve closed

Valves slide 9
NEEDLE Surface Testing
valves
Used for shut off, (on/off) +
Flow control (bleed off part of

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flow)
High pressure (5, 10, 15,
20Kpsi)
ex: instrumentation on FH,
CM, Steam-exchanger, Sand-
trap (~sizes= , , )

Kerotest (up to 10Kpsi)


Autoclave Engineers (10, 15,
20K) Valves slide 10
BALL / PLUG Surface Testing
valves
Used for shut off, (on/off)
turn

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Medium pressure (~1500
psi)
ex: separator, burners,
pumps, etc.
Sealing method:
-PTFE (Teflon) seal ring
or seat
Standard sizes= 1 to 4
Valves slide 11
BALL valve Surface Testing
(spherical)
Mapegaz

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Sealing= (white teflon
ring)
white
(Spherical)
teflon ring
seal

Cross Section of a Mapegaz valve


Valves slide 12
BALL valve Surface Testing
(spherical)
Gachot

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Medium pressure
Sampling / bleed-
off points
Sealing= white
teflon seal ring
Standard sizes=
, , , 1

Valves slide 13
Surface Testing
top
PLUG valve hexagonal
nut
(cylindrical)
Texseal
O-ring
stem

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Seats (black teflon)
Sealing=
black teflon seat Plug (cylindrical)

Valves slide 14
BUTTERFLY Surface Testing
valve
Weco
Used for shut off, (on/off)

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Low pressure
Tanks
Sealing= rubber seal
Standard sizes= 1, 2 3

Valves slide 15
GLOBE Surface Testing
valves
Used for control of flow and shut
off

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Low pressure
Rig Water / air lines
Sealing= metal/metal
Standard sizes= 1, 2 3

Valves slide 16
Automatic Surface Testing
Control
valves
Fisher

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Used for flow control +
throttle action
Medium pressure
Separator, Surge tank
Sealing (not 100%)=
metal/metal
Standard sizes= 1, 2,
3,4
Valves slide 17
Surface Testing
Swing check Flow through valve

valves
To allow flow in one
direction only

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High/Medium/Low Flow ceases or fails below back pressure
pressure
Separator inlet, pump
outlet
Sealing= metal/metal
Standard sizes= 1, 2,
3,4
CHECK valves Valves slide 18
Surface Testing
RELIEF
Farrisvalves
Spring loaded and set to open
at a given pressure to protect

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systems from over pressure
High/Medium/Low pressure
Separator, flowlines, Steam-
exchanger, Surge-tank
Sealing= metal/metal
Standard sizes= 1, 2, 3,4

Valves slide 19
Surface Testing
RELIEF
valves
Piloted safety relief
valves

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High/Medium/Low
pressure
New Separator and
Surge-tank
Sealing= metal/metal
Anderson
Standard sizes= 3,4, 6 Greenwood

Valves slide 20
Surface Testing
SAFETY
GATE / BALL / PLUG valves:
must not be used for throttling

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(i.e.: must be fully open or fully
closed) because a restricted flow
through it will erode the seal or
gate or seat, and the valve will
not seal correctly / reliably.

Valves slide 21
Surface Testing
SAFETY
GATE valves:
it is common practice to

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count the number of turns
taken to open / close a valve
because the operator can tell
if the valve has become
plugged or is not seating
correctly.

Valves slide 22
Surface Testing
SAFETY
GATE / GLOBE valves:
it is best to close the gate and

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globe valves by turn after they
are fully opened and vice-versa
because over tightening the
valve upon closing may damage
the disk and seat. Leading to
seizure or leakage.

Valves slide 23
Surface Testing
SAFETY
NEEDLE valves:
when used with an instrument,

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the valve should only be opened
enough: - to permit flow and
allow the instrument to register
correctly. - to allow a quick
closure of the valve and to isolate
the dial gauge in case of a
sudden increase of pressure,
above the range of the gauge.
One or two turns is usually
sufficient.
Valves slide 24
Surface Testing

VALVE
S

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The END

Valves slide 25