Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 15

Volleyball is a team sport in which two teams of six

players are separated by a net. Each team tries to score


points by grounding a ball on the other team's court
under organized rules.
Origin of volleyball
On February 9, 1895, in Massachusetts (USA), William G.
Morgan, a physical education director, created a new
game called Mintonette as a pastime to be played indoors
and by any number of players. The game took some of its
characteristics from tennis and handball.
When an observer Alfred Halstead saw the game
being played at the first exhibition match in 1896, he
noticed the volleying action used to get the ball over
the net, so he decided to change the name to
volleyball.
Volleyball around the world
The first country outside the United States to adopt
volleyball was Canada in 1900.
An international federation (FIVB), was founded in 1947,
and the first World Championships were held in 1949 for
men and 1952 for women.
Later, this sport became popular in Brazil, in Europe
(especially Italy, the Netherlands and countries from
Eastern Europe), in Russia and in other countries including
China and the rest of Asia.
Volleyball was officially included in the program for the
Summer Olympics in 1964.
Rules of the game
A volleyball court is 18 m long and 9 m wide. The top of
the net is 2.43 m for men's competition and 2.24 m for
women's competition.
Each team consists of six players.
A player cant hit the ball twice.
The game is played in sets of 25 points and the winners
must be ahead by 2 points. Each game consists of 3-5 sets.
The fifth set is played to 15 points.
Skills
Team members master six basic skills:
serve
pass
set
attack
block
dig
Serve
Serve is the action of putting the ball into play.
Serve may be underhand or overhand.
The server is not allowed to step on or over the end line
when serving.
Types of serves:
1. Underhand
2. Float
3. Jump float
4. Jump serve
Pass
The pass is the attempt by a team to properly handle the
opponent's serve.
Its also called reception.
Set
Setting is the action of putting the ball in the air in such a
way that it can be spiked into the opponent's court.
The set is usually the second contact that a team makes
with the ball.
Attack
Attack is the offensive action of hitting the ball.
Its also known as the spike and its usually the third contact
a team makes with the ball. Its a basic strategy for scoring
points.
Block
Block is a defensive play to prevent the ball from
crossing the net.
Dig
Digging is the ability to prevent the ball from touching the
court after a spike or attack, particularly a ball that is
nearly touching the ground.
Positions
There are 5 positions in every volleyball team:
setter - organizes the offense of the team
libero - defensive player who is responsible for receiving
the attack or serve, and must wear a contrasting jersey
color from teammates
middle blocker - specialized in blocking and performs
very fast attacks that usually take place near the setter
outside hitters/left side hitters - attack from near the left
antenna
opposite hitters/right side hitters - player who often scores
the most points in the team by spiking
Serbian national volleyball teams
THE END.