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First Aid

is an immediate care given to a


person who has been injured or
suddenly taken ill. It includes
self help and home care if
medical assistance is not
available or delayed.
ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE
FIRST AIDER

1. Act as a bridge that fills the gap


between the victim and the physician.
It is not intended to compete with, or
take the place of the services of the
physician.
It ends when the services of a
physician begins.
2. Ensure the personal safety and
that of the patient and bystanders.
3. Gain access to the victim.
4. Determine any threats to the
patients life.
5. Summon more advanced
medical care as needed.
6. Provide needed care for the patient.
7. Assist Emergency Medical
Technician (EMT) and medical
personnel.
8. Record all assessments and
care given to the patient.
OBJECTIVES OF FIRST AID
1. To alleviate suffering.
2. To prevent added / further
injury or danger.
3. To prolong life.
Characteristics of a good First Aider
1. Gentle - should not cause pain.
2. Resourceful - should make the best
use of things at hand.
3. Observant - should notice all signs.
4. Tactful - should not alarm the victim.
5. Empathetic - should be comforting.
6. Respectable - should maintain a
professional and caring attitude.
Hindrances in giving First Aid
1. Unfavorable surroundings

2. The Presence of Crowds

3. Pressure from Victim or


Relatives
TRANSMISSION OF
DISEASES AND THE FIRST AIDERS
1. How Diseases are transmitted.
a. Direct Contact Transmission
b. Indirect Contact Transmission
c. Airborne Transmission
d. Vector Transmission
2. Diseases that causes concern:
1. Herpes
2. Meningitis
3. Tuberculosis
4. Hepatitis
5. HIV infection
3. BODY SUBSTANCE ISOLATION(BSI)
A. Personal hygiene
B. Equipment cleaning and
disinfecting
C. Protective Equipment
FIRST AID EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES

1. Basic Equipment:
-Spine Board
-Set of Splints
-Poles/Blankets
-Short board/ Kendricks
extrication device
2. Suggested First Aid Kit Content (Basic)
Rubbing Alcohol Gloves
Povidone Iodine Scissors
Gauge pads Forceps
Occlusive (dressing) Penlight
Tongue depressor Band aid
Bandage (triangular) Cotton
Plaster
3. Clothe materials commonly
used in First Aid
1. Dressing or Compress any
sterile cloth materials used to
cover the wound.
Other Uses of a Dressing:
Control Bleeding
Protect the wound from infection
Absorbs liquid from the wound
Kinds of Dressing:
Roller gauze
Square or eye pads
Compress or Adhesive
( Occlusive / Butterfly )
2. Bandages any clean cloth materials
sterile or not use to hold the dressing
in place.
Other uses of bandages
- Control bleeding
- Tie splints in place
- Immobilize body parts
- For arm support use as a sling
Kinds of Bandages:

- Triangular - Four Tail


- Muslin Binder- Roller
- Elastic Band
QUESTIONS?
CLARIFICATIONS?