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Passenger Car

Indian Export to Africa


Continent

By Jayesh Goswami WMG 24 R No 242005


FORE School of Management
Content..

Global Automobile Industry Passenger Car at a Glance


Global - Passenger Car Production , Market size, Growth
Automobile Exports Trends India
Global Value Chain Passenger Car
Classification of Passenger Car
Major Indian Car Manufacturing Company
India- Passenger Car Export 2016 2017 by OEMs and Model wise.
Africa Automotive Prospects
Snapshot Africa Continent
Factors Influence Business and Manufacturing growth
Unlocking New Potential in Africa

India Export Automobiles- Passenger Car


Africa - Product: 870321 - <=1.000 cm
Africa - Product: 870322 - <=1.500 cm
Africa - Product: 870323 - <=3.000 cm

Automobile packaging service


CKD, MKD AND SKD SHIPMENTS
Automobile Shipment
Export Documents process
Facilities to Indian Exporters
Incoterm - 2010
Global Automobile Industry At a Glance
Passenger Car Production , Market size, Growth

Passenger Car Production - $ 1394 Billion Market Size- Global

CAGR
India 2.77%
World 3.40%
India's
Contribution -0.60%

Indian Contribution Expected to increase by 8 %


in 2020.

http://www.oica.net/category/production-statistics/
Automobile Exports Trends India

In last 5-6 Years, India is increasing its export contribution significantly in


Automobile.

http://www.siamindia.com/statistics.aspx?
Global Value Chain

Raw Materials Component & Assembly Repair &


Dealers
Sub-Assembly Maintenance

Supply Chain And Logistic


Vehicle Parts Heavy Duty truck Authorized
Artificial Filaments New Auto Dealers
Manufacturing Service Dealers
Plastics

Paints Tires Light truck Used Auto

Customer
Free Lancers
Manufacturing Dealers
Control Panels
Glass Light Bulbs Truck and Trailer Parts Dealers
Manufacturing
Rubber & Break Systems,
Transmission, Engine ,
Synthetic Battery Manufacturing
Materials Passenger Car
Vehicle Body Manufacturing
Manufacturing

Electrical Manufacturing
Automobiles
Supporting Manufacturing
Institutions

Education and Training Government Policies & Regulation


Passenger Car Classification

Type Mini Compact C1 Super C2 Mid-Size D- Executive E - Premium F-Primumu


Compact

Length mm <3600 3601-4000 4001-4250 4251-4500 4501-4700 4701-5000 5000 >

Engine displacement < 1000 cm < 1400 cm < 1600 cm < 1600 cm < 2000 cm < 3000 cm 3000 cm

Body Style Hatchback Sedan/Estate Sedan/Estate Sedan/Estate Sedan/Estate Sedan/Estate Sedan/Estate


/Hatch/Notch /Hatch/Notch Back /Hatch/Notch Back /Notchback
Back

Seats Upto 5 Upto 5 Upto 5 Upto 5 Upto 5 Upto 5 Upto 5

Example Tata Nano AltoK10, WagaR Aspire, Dzire, Amaze Corrola, Cruz, Camary, Audi, jaguar
City

NMIMS JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS AND PUBLIC POLICY


Volume II Issue 1 April 2017/
India- Passenger Car Export 2016, 2017 by OEMs and Model wise.

17 Apr 2017 -Autocar Professional Print View


India- Passenger Car Export 2016, 2017 by OEMs and Model wise.

Indian OEMs - Exports its vehicles to 87 countries worldwide. Latin America : Mexico, Chile , Peru,
Panama, Africa & Middle East: South Africa, Algeria, Tunisia, Asia Pacific: Philippines, Nepal.

India is fast developing as a hub for small car manufacturing, it is also evolving into a major export hub for
small cars wherein Hyundai leads as the largest car exporter from India.

Ford Indias rise in the export rankings comes about mainly due to the handsome demand for the new Figo
in Europe where the hatchback is exported.

17 Apr 2017 -Autocar Professional Print View


Africa Automotive Prospects

Snapshot Public mobility

1.2 Billion population Approx 42 Million registered passenger vehicles operate in


Africa today
Motorization rate of 44 vehicles per 1 000 inhabitants.
Far below global average of 180 vehicles per 1 000 inhabitants,
2 million Cars Projected Sales in 2017. Sales projected to
reach up to 10 million units per annum within the next 15
years based on current trends.

Africa currently produces less than 1% of the world's


manufactured goods.

Sub-Saharan Africa is projected to remain one of the fastest


growing regions in the world.

SSCG Market Intelligence Insights & Perspectives:


Africa Automotive Prospects

Factors Influence Business and Manufacturing growth

Rapid globalization throughout Africa, majorly in SA, Nigeria, Tanzania, Kenya


Foreign Direct Investment MNC focus on latent prospects
Immense growth opportunity
100% untapped market- Major Segment
Fast improvement in literacy rate- Quality Education

SSCG Market Intelligence Insights & Perspectives:


Africa Automotive Prospects

Mega Trends Reshaping African Industry

Operating environment Operating hard and soft economic infrastructures

Urbanization, rapid middle class growth and rise in income

Regulation and government policies

Improvement of road infrastructure

Supplier supply chain development, production localization


and collaboration
Capacity development

Global OEMs redefining manufacturing landscape building


wider R&D competence and cost optimization through
outsourcing and modularization

SSCG Market Intelligence Insights & Perspectives:


Africa Automotive Prospects

Unlocking New Potential in Africa

Africas auto market is regarded as the final frontier for the global automotive industry.
Relatively very small however presents huge consumption opportunities.
Consumer buying power is on the rise as the continents middle class increases exponentially

SSCG Market Intelligence Insights & Perspectives:


India Export Automobiles- Passenger Car

Africa - Product: 870321 - <=1.00 cm

Indian Export of automotive constantly increase at a steady pace.

Major export partners are Egypt, Nigeria S. Africa

Export to S.Africa went down in 2015 and 2016.

ITC calculations based on UN COMTRADE statistics.


India Export Automobiles- Passenger Car

Africa - Product: 870322 - <=1.500 cm

Indian Export of automotive constantly increase at a steady pace.

Year 2015, 2016 lower export in Africa of 870322 <=1.500 cm

ITC calculations based on UN COMTRADE statistics.


India Export Automobiles- Passenger Car

Africa - Product: 870323 - <=3.000 cm

Indian Export of automotive went down in Africa Region of 3.000 cm


Engine capacity Passenger car.

ITC calculations based on UN COMTRADE statistics.


Automobile packaging service.

CKD, MKD AND SKD SHIPMENTS


The main purpose of packaging is to protect goods from production through to final use.

CKD (COMPLETE KNOCK DOWN)


Design custom packaging and selecting the right material for the needs of product.
A knock-down kit is a kit containing the parts needed to assemble a product. The parts are
typically manufactured in one country or region, then exported to another country or region for
final assembly. Variant names include knockdown kit, knocked-down kit, or simply knockdown,
and the abbreviated KD or CKD.

MKD (MEDIUM KNOCKED DOWN)


Used to describe a product that is exported in a set of parts that have been partly put together,
and which are then all put together for sale to customers.

SKD (SEMI KNOCKED DOWN)


It consists of dismantling and packaging up certain parts of a vehicle for shipment to other
assembly plants where the parts will then be re-assembled.

https://www.embalex.com/en/ckd_-mkd-and-skd-shipments/our-
services/37.
Automobile Shipment

RoRo and Containers


Automobile shipping, two main options.

Can ship vehicle in a container or ship via Roll On


Roll Off (RORO)

RORO overseas shipping is a very popular way of


transporting cargo to other countries.

https://www.embalex.com/en/ckd_-mkd-and-skd-shipments/our-
services/37.
Export Procedure

Documents

Principal Documents Auxiliary Documents Facilities to Indian Exporters

Commercial Invoice Proforma Invoice Marketing Development Assistance (MDA)


Packing List Intimation for Inspection Market Access Initiative (MAI)
Bill of Lading Shipping Instructions
Free Trade Zones (FTZ)
Export Financing
Certificate of Inspection Insurance Declaration Exim Bank Finance
Certificate of Origin Application for certificate of origin Advance License / Duty Exemption Entitlement
Scheme (DEEC) & Duty Drawback
Bill of Exchange Mates Receipt Manufacture under Bond
Shipment Advice Letter to bank for collection/
negotiation
Insurance Certificate

https://www.embalex.com/en/ckd_-mkd-and-skd-shipments/our-
services/37.
Export Procedure

Incoterm 2010

C Clause: The main transport costs are borne by the Seller, while the Buyer is
responsible for the risks.

D Clause: Arrival clause, the transport costs and risks are borne by the Seller.

E Clause: Collection clause, the transport costs and risks are borne by the Buyer.

F Clause: The main transport costs and risk are borne by the Buyer.

https://www.embalex.com/en/ckd_-mkd-and-skd-shipments/our-
services/37.
Thank You