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Working at heights, fire protection and

prevention & confined space

Technical Training
Document no.: 0059-9190 V00 Restricted 1
Working at heights, fire protection and prevention
Two person team & confined space

Two person teams

GWO

Working at heights

Anchor points for PFPE

Max Number of persons in Nacelle

Fire protection and prevention

Confined space

Document no.: 0059-9190 V00 Restricted 2


Two person teams
Two person team
6.5 Two-Person Teams
Normally any work task is assigned to a team of at least two competent persons.
Team members should adhere to the following:

Prevent the isolation of any team member.

If team members work in isolation from each other and do not have visual
contact during the work, there must be a clear procedure about communication
among them.

Team members must be in possession of two-way communication equipment


which, at a minimum, has battery capacity for the duration of the work.

A team member must never leave the work area without informing the other
team members.

If a team member leaves the turbine for a short time to pick up tools in the
service van, etc., any hazardous operation must be put on hold until the team
member has returned and both team members are present for the operation.

Work in the hub requires that at least one person stay in the nacelle until the
person working in the hub has finished and returned to the nacelle.
Document no.: 0059-9190 V00 Restricted 3
Working at heights, fire protection and prevention
GWO & confined space

Two person teams

GWO

Working at heights

Anchor points for PFPE

Max Number of persons in Nacelle

Fire protection and prevention

Confined space

Document no.: 0059-9190 V00 Restricted 4


GWO training
GWO

Global Wind Organisation


Basic Safety Training (BST)

Document no.: 0059-9190 V00 Restricted 5


Working at heights, fire protection and prevention
Working at heights & confined space

Two person teams

GWO

Working at heights

Anchor points for PFPE

Max Number of persons in Nacelle

Fire protection and prevention

Confined space

Document no.: 0059-9190 V00 Restricted 6


Harness
Working at heights

Chapter 9.4
The following are requirements for use of the full-body harness when working
at height:
The full-body harness must fit each person correctly.

The full-body harness must be worn when working at height higher


than 2 metres.

The full-body harness must be worn when a person enters the tower
and needs to climb the ladder.

The full-body harness must be worn when personnel use the tower
lift.

The full-body harness must be compatible with the climb assist


system ensuring that the performance of the fall arrest system is not
compromised.

Document no.: 0059-9190 V00 Restricted 7


Climbing the ladder
Working at heights

9.6 Climbing the Wind Turbine Ladder


Personnel climbing the wind turbine ladder must comply with the
following:

Climb the ladder at each persons own pace.

Wire system: Allow only one person at a time to climb the


tower ladder.

Rail system: Allow only one person at a time to climb the


tower ladder between platforms, provided that the platform
hatches are closed.

Do not carry loose parts or tools in hands or open pockets.

Document no.: 0059-9190 V00 Restricted 8


Working at heights, fire protection and prevention
Anchor points for PFPE & confined space

Two person teams

GWO

Working at heights

Anchor points for PFPE

Max Number of persons in Nacelle

Fire protection and prevention

Confined space

Document no.: 0059-9190 V00 Restricted 9


PFPE
Anchor points for PFPE

9.9 Anchor Points for (PFPE)


Anchor points for PFPE are placed in several different areas in
the tower, in the nacelle and on the outside of the nacelle and
the hub. Anchor points for PFPE are normally marked or
painted yellow. The following are requirements for use of
anchor points when working at height:

The hook on the lanyard with energy absorber must be


hooked into a reliable anchor point if there is a danger of
falling.

Only reliable anchor points must be used for the fall arrest
equipment

Anchor points must be checked for damage before use.

Anchor points for fall arrest equipment must never be used


as lifting points.

Document no.: 0059-9190 V00 Restricted 10


Examples
Anchor points for PFPE

Document no.: 0059-9190 V00 Restricted 11


Examples
Anchor points for PFPE

Document no.: 0059-9190 V00 Restricted 12


Examples
Anchor points for PFPE

Document no.: 0059-9190 V00 Restricted 13


Working at heights, fire protection and prevention
Max No. of persons in nacelle & confined space

Two person teams

GWO

Working at heights

Anchor points for PFPE

Max Number of persons in Nacelle

Fire protection and prevention

Confined space

Document no.: 0059-9190 V00 Restricted 14


Emergency descent from Nacelle
Max No. of persons in Nacelle

3.8 Emergency Descent from Nacelle


In the event that the escape route from the nacelle via the
tower is cut off by fire or other unforeseen events use the
rescue and descent device, brought by the technicians or
the rescue and descent device located in the nacelle.

Document no.: 0059-9190 V00 Restricted 15


How many is allowed in the Nacelle
Max No. of persons in Nacelle

Document no.: 0059-9190 V00 Restricted 16


Working at heights, fire protection and prevention
Fire protection and prevention & confined space

Two person teams

GWO

Working at heights

Anchor points for PFPE

Max Number of persons in Nacelle

Fire protection and prevention

Confined space

Document no.: 0059-9190 V00 Restricted 17


Preventing fire
Fire protection and prevention

Fire occurrence on the site must be prevented. What can be done in


order to minimise/limit the risk of fire ?

Comply with the site-specific smoking rules.


Place combustion engine powered equipment (e.g., portable generators) in such a way
that the motor exhaust is not entering an occupied space.
Exhaust gases should be directed away from any flammable materials.
No equipment will be fuelled while the engine is running.
Minimise the use of flammable liquids.
Separate any combustible compressed gas cylinders and oxidisers.
Comply with good housekeeping principles for combustible materials i.e. rags, paper
towels etc.
Store oily rags in waste containers suitable for the purpose and labelled (preferably
metal container with a lid).
Never discard oily rags in ordinary rubbish/trash bins or buckets.

Document no.: 0059-9190 V00 Restricted 18


HOT WORK
Fire protection and prevention

5.4
Always follow state and local requirements before starting any hot work.
Any hot work carried out in the wind turbine must have prior authorisation.
Only competent personnel are allowed to carry out hot work.

Explanation of HOT WORK

Welding, metal cutting or


burning operations performed by
qualified personnel.

Document no.: 0059-9190 V00 Restricted 19


Working at heights, fire protection and prevention
Confined space & confined space

Two person teams

GWO

Working at heights

Anchor points for PFPE

Max Number of persons in Nacelle

Fire protection and prevention

Confined space

Document no.: 0059-9190 V00 Restricted 20


Explanation
Confined space

Enclosed or partially enclosed; and


A confined space
is one that is: Is not intended for continuous human occupancy; and
Has limited means for entry and exit that may complicate
the provision of first aid, evacuation, rescue or emergency
response; and
Is large enough that a worker can enter and perform work.

Document no.: 0059-9190 V00 Restricted 21


Working at heights, Hot work & confined space

The End

Document no.: 0059-9190 V00 Restricted 22