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Arabic

Pronouns
Part 1
Tables of Contents
1 Definition of Pronouns
2- Verb Forms According to Different Pronouns
3- Types of Pronouns 1 ( Independent Pronouns)
4- Formulas of Using Tasrif in Determining Pronouns &
Verb Forms
5- Types of Pronouns 2 ( Attached Pronouns)
6-The Use of Attached Pronouns with Nouns & Verbs
Definition of
Pronouns

What is pronoun?
1-One category of words which is used for
replacing peoples name, place, and things
such as follows:

THEY I HE

WE
SHE
You ( F) We I
Both of He
you ( F)

You ( F)
Both of
them (M)

14 Arabic Pronouns
You ( M) They (M)

Both of
ShE
you ( M)

Both of
You ( M)
They (F) them (F)

Situation of using pronoun

I am talking to Faiz about Fatin.



Then, the pronouns I use when I am talking to
Faiz is you or equal to (). Meanwhile, the
pronoun I use when I refer to Fatin is she or
equal to ()

:
:
Verb Forms
According to
Different Pronouns

Arabic is one of the language which put
emphasis on changing the verb form to the
pronouns used at the beginning of the
sentences.
It English, this concept has some similarities
with the concept of Subject verb agreement

However, the use of Arabic pronouns is
unique since it consists numerous form or
known as morpheme which differentiate the
gender of the speaker and the number of
speaker. Every type of morpheme has its own
meaning and different functions based on how
it is used within the sentences.

Non Arabic speaker students who use dictionaries to
find the meaning of the verbs may ONLY obtain the
meaning of the verbs but when you want to use it
with the pronouns, several suffix ( )or prefix
( )need to be added to the verb.




Prefix Suffix

For example : To learn/study =

1-However, if you want to say I study Arabic you will
need to add alif ( )at the beginning of the verb:





And you cannot simply say like this :





2-If you want to say We study Arabic you will
need to add nun ( )at the beginning of the verb:



And you cannot say like this :




3-If you want to say He studies Arabic you will
need to add ya ( )at the beginning of the verb:




4-If you want to say She studies Arabic you will
need to add ta ( )at the beginning of the verb:





5-If you want to say They study Arabic you will
need to add ya ( )at the beginning of the verb and
( )at the end of the verb:



If the alphabets ( )are added at the beginning
of the verb, they are called as suffix.
Meanwhile, if the alphabets ( )are added at
the end of the verb, they are called as prefix.

6-If you want to say You study Arabic you will
need to add ta ( )at the beginning of the verb:
)is used for male
* (






7-If you want to say You study Arabic you will
need to add ta ( )at the beginning of the verb and
( )at the end of the verb:
)is used for female
* (





8-If you want to say They study Arabic you will
need to add ya ( )at the beginning of the verb and
( )at the end of the verb:
* ( ) is used for female




9-If you want to say Both of them study Arabic
you will need to add ta ()
at the beginning of the
verb and ( )at the end of the verb:
* ( ) is used for both male &female




10-If you want to say Both of you study Arabic
you will need to add ta ()
at the beginning of the
verb and ( )at the end of the verb:
* ( ) is used for both male &female




11-If you want to say Both of them study Arabic
you will need to add ya ()
at the beginning of the
verb and ( )at the end of the verb:
* ( ) here is used for male




12-If you want to say Both of them study Arabic
you will need to add ta ( )at the beginning of the
verb and ( )at the end of the verb:
* ( ) here is used for female



Types of
Pronouns 1
INDEPENDENT PERSONAL
PRONOUNS

Arabic pronouns can be categorized into 2 types:

Attached
Personal Independent
Pronouns Personal
Pronouns

1- Independent Personal Pronouns
Independent pronouns refer to the pronouns
which can stand and function on its own
without joining other words .This kind of
pronouns serves the function of subject (which
is placed at the beginning of sentences). It is
normally called as ad-dhomaair al-munfasilah
( )

1- Independent Personal Pronouns
1-This kind of pronoun is normally placed at the
beginning of sentences and serve the function of a
subject.
2-This type of pronoun is called as dhomaair
munfasilah cannot be written attaching to the word
that comes after it either verb or noun. For example,
look at the following sentence:

1- Independent Personal Pronouns

Both words that function as subject and


predicate cannot be written attaching to
one another

1- Independent Personal Pronouns
Independent pronouns can be classified into 3
categories:
1- Third personal pronouns ()
2- Second personal pronouns ()
3- First personal pronouns ()

1- ( ) is used for male.

He is a bank officer



He is a soldier

2- (
) is used for female.

She is a housewife

She is a tailor



3- ( ) which can be used by both gender

Both of them are


fruit sellers

Both of them are


artists


4- ( ) which can be used by male

They are teachers


They are doctors



5- ( ) which can be used by female

They are stewardess



They are chefs




) is used for male.
6- (

You are an expert pilot





You are a hunter






) is used for female.
7- (

You are a nurse


You are a farmer




8- ( ) is used for both male & female.

Both of you are


engineers


Both of you are clerks









9- ( ) is used for male

You (all) are tourists




You (all) are friends




10- ( ) is used for female

You (all) are visitors



You (all) are
journalists




11- ( )is used for both male & female

I am a teacher

I am a florist






12- ( ) is used for both male & female

We are teachers

We are florists


Formulas of
Using Tasrif in
Determining
Pronouns &
Verb Forms
Tasrif Formula In Determining the Correct Form of Past Tense, Present,
Imperative
Types of
Pronouns 2
ATTACHED PERSONAL
PRONOUNS

1- Attached Personal Pronouns
Attached pronouns refers to the pronouns which
cannot stand or function on its own without joining
other words .This kind of pronouns serves the
function saying sense of belongings ( )which is
placed at the end the nouns or verbs) and the
attribution (). It is normally called as ad-
dhomaair al-muttasilah ( ).

1- Attached Personal Pronouns
This kind of pronouns requires nouns or verbs to
serve the function. It is the reason why it is called
muttosil (attach to another thing).
- This kind of pronouns ( )is also
known in English as possessive adjectives.

1- Attached Personal Pronouns
This kind of pronouns serves either these 2
functions of saying sense of belongings ( )and
the ascription & attribution ().

The Use of Attached


Personal Pronouns




The Use of Attached
Personal Pronouns

What is What is
? ?

What is (
?)
To indicate the belongings of things to a person

My shirt

Our shirt


His shirt

Their shirt

Your shirt

?)
What is (
To indicate the ascription of things/places to people who are
using/staying/checking in/placing or etc.

The flight that I use



The hotel that I stay
The airport we checked in

The hospital I was warded

Malaysia which I was
born in

?How to identify the types of Arabic pronouns
)( Subject pronouns )( Letters


6
?How to identify the types of Arabic pronouns
)( Subject pronouns )( Letters

6
?How to identify the types of Arabic pronouns

)( Subject pronouns )( Letters



2
Examples of Using Attached Personal Pronouns


Singular Dual Plural

)M) His book Their book Their book


(F) Her book Their book Their book
Examples of Using Attached Personal Pronouns


Singular Dual Plural


)M) Your book Your book Your book


(F) Your book Your book Your book
Examples of Using Attached Personal Pronouns


Singular Dual Plural

)M) My book Our book Our book

(F) My book Our book Our book
The Use of
Attached
Pronouns with
Nouns & Verbs

Can attached pronouns be added to verbs?
Attached pronouns can also be added to the certain verbs
and it will become the objects of the verbs. Unlike nouns,
when this kind of pronoun is added to the verbs, the
meaning does not longer means the belongings of things,
the dhomir or pronoun will be the object of the sentence.
(The attached pronouns will be regarded as the object).

)
1- By using second personal pronouns such as (

He hit you
+


He praised you
+

He taught you

+

He liked you
+

He punished you

+


He fed you

+

2- By using first personal pronouns such as ( )

He hit me
+


He praised me
+

He taught me

+

He liked me
+
He punished me

+


He fed me

+

3- By using third personal pronouns such as (
)

He hit her

+


He praised her

+

He taught her


+

He liked her


+

He punished her



+
He fed her
+