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PIPELINE STRESS ANALYSIS WITH

CAESAR II

by

Andrey Puruhita
PIPELINE STRESS ANALYSIS
WITH CAESAR II
What the different with piping stress ?
Pipeline burried modeling
Anchor block restrain
Load case combination & result
The difference of piping & pipeline
stress analysis
Piping modeling Pipeline modeling

Code requirement shall use Code requirement use


ASME B31.3 ASME B31.4 for liquid &
B31.8 for gas transmission
Usually Underground
Aboveground
Shall use anchor block as a
Many support or restrain restrain from aboveground-
needed underground conversely
Burried Pipe

Buried pipe deforms laterally in areas


immediately adjacent to changes in directions
In areas far removed from bends and tees the
deformation is primarily axial
PIPELINE BURRIED MODELING
The Buried Pipe Modeler is started by selecting an existing
job, and then choosing menu option Input-Underground from
the CAESAR II Main Menu
Enter the soil data using Buried Pipe - Soil Models
Describe the sections of the piping system that are buried,
and define any required fine mesh areas using the buried
element data spreadsheet
Convert the original model into the buried model by the
activation of option Buried Pipe - Convert Input
Input soil models
The buried element description spreadsheet serves
several functions

It allows the user to define which part of the piping system is


buried.
It allows the user to define mesh spacing at specific element
ends.
It allows the input of user defined soil stiffnesses
Burried pipe example
Anchor Block Restrain
Pipeline with a long distance needs block
valve, there were a change direction from
underground to aboveground
In this situation pipeline must be installed
with anchor block before and after
aboveground pipe
Why we need anchor block ?

To prevent stress failed on block valve due to


axial deformation of a long pipeline
Example of block valve modeling

Anchor block

Anchor block
Load Case Combination

To check stress analysis on pipeline shall use


several load case combination as folow :
Sustain Load ( W + P)
Thermal Load (T)
Combination Load ( W + T + P)
Caesar Stress Result
CAESAR II STRESS REPORT FILE:FOR TUTORIAL
CASE 3 (OPE) W+T2+P1 DATE:OCT 1,2009
--Stress(lb./sq.in.)--- --(lb./sq.in.)--
ELEMENT BENDING TORSION SIF'S ALLOWABLE
NODES STRESS STRESS IN/OUT PLANE STRESS STRESS %

HIGHEST STRESSES: (lb./sq.in.)


OPE STRESS %: 21.06 @NODE 90
STRESS: 12636.4 ALLOWABLE: 60000.0
BENDING STRESS: 3254.8 @NODE 90
TORSIONAL STRESS: 0.0 @NODE 49
AXIAL STRESS: 9455.2 @NODE 130
3D MAX INTENSITY: 30120.4 @NODE 20

60 1357. 0. 1.000 / 1.000 10739. 60000. 18.


70 919. 0. 1.000 / 1.000 10300. 60000. 17.

80 1461. 0. 1.000 / 1.000 10842. 60000. 18.


90 3255. 0. 1.000 / 1.000 12636. 60000. 21.

90 3255. 0. 1.000 / 1.000 12636. 60000. 21.


95 2703. 0. 1.000 / 1.000 12085. 60000. 20.
THANK YOU