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2017/12/11 Security Level:

PRACH Planning
2012-02-02

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HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential


Background of PRACH Planning
Random Access
Random access is generally performed when :
UE turns on from sleep mode
RRC reconnection
Performs handoff from one cell to another
Downlink loss time synchronization
UE loses uplink timing
Two types
Based on compete Random Access
Based on Non-compete Random Access
Purpose
Acquiring uplink timing synchronization
Acquiring uplink resource allocation information
Physical Channel
PRACH

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Background of PRACH Planning
PRACH
Physical Random Access Channel
Bandwidth: 1.08M
Equivalent as 6RBs
6*12*15k=1.08 MHz

64 types of PRACH configuration


which restrict PRACH to certain time resource

Physical resource blocks in the frequency domain


Next to PUCCH

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Background of PRACH Planning
Random Access Preamble
Carried by Physical random access channel
Random access preamble format
PRACH Burst

CP Preamble Sequence GP

TCP TSEQ
Consists of a cyclic prefix of length TCP , a sequence part of length TSEQ and
Guard Period
Preamble format(FDD)
Preamble TCP TSEQ TGP Maximum multipath Maximum
Format delay extension TMD Cell Radius
0 103.1us 800us 96.9us 6.2us 14.5km

1 684.4us 800us 515.6us 168.8us 77.3km

2 203.1us 1600us 196.9us 6.2us 29.5km

3 684.4us 1600us 715.6us 15.4us 100km

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Purpose of PRACH Planning(1)
To choose a proper preamble format
Impact the random access radius(Cell radius)
Impact the supported maximum multipath delay

To configure proper time resource for PRACH


Impact access capacity
Reduce interference between neighboring cells

To configure different Root Sequence Index for neighboring cells


Reduce interference between neighboring cells
Guarantee success rate of RA

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Purpose of PRACH Planning(2)
Preamble Format & time resource

PRACH Configuration Planning


Same time resource for neighboring cells

Cell C Cell A Cell B


With CFG 7 with CFG 6 with CFG 6

PUCCH PUCCH PUCCH

PUSCH PUSCH
PUSCH interference1
interference0
PRACH PRACH

PUCCH PUCCH PUCCH

Under same conditions, Interference1>>Interference0

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Principle of PRACH Planning(1)
Root Sequence Index Planning
High priority for High Speed Cell
On high speed condition, sequence from different sub-group have different
supported cell radius.

High priority for wide radio coverage cell


High performance sequences are required for wide radio coverage cell.

Reuse Root Sequence in accordance with certain fundamentals

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Principle of PRACH Planning(2)
Root Sequence
Sequence Quantity
838 , from 0 to 837
Classification
2 Groups
Low CM group(CM<=1.2db) , Assign to high speed & wide coverage cell.
High CM group(CM>1.2db), Assign to low speed cell.
(Cell radius, Transmission power, electromagnetic wave distort , PAPR )
Huawei suggestion is 24-455 assign to High speed cell, Low speed cell use 0-815.
32 Sub-group
Basis: the supported maximum cyclic shifts (cell radius) for high speed cell

Logical Root Sequence Index


sequence number for the ordered root sequence

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Method of PRACH Planning(Example)
Preamble Sequence
64 Preamble sequences are required for each cell
Preamble sequence is derived from Root Sequence
NCS : Cyclic shifts for preamble generation
NCS value
NCS configuration
Unrestricted set Restricted set
0 0 15
1 13 18
2 15 22
3 18 26
4 22 32
5 26 38
6 32 46
7 38 55
8 46 68
9 59 82
10 76 100
11 93 128
12 119 158
13 167 202
14 279 237
15 419 -

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Method of PRACH Planning(Example)

Step 1: Calculate the Ncs value of a cell according to the cell radius and maximum
delay spread.
Formula: NCS 1.04875 (6.67r TMD 2)

r :cell radios(km), TMD: Maximum time delay spread(u second), default value=5

TMN LTE network urban scenario, cell radios is 7km. From the formula above we can
know that Ncs=56. Mapping to the most closed standard Ncs value is 59.
Step 2: Use Root Zadoff-Chu sequence number 839 divided 59. the rounded down
number is 14.
Step3: Every cell need to generate 64 preamble sequences. So 64/14=4.57. In round
number is 5.So the root Zadoff-Chu sequence is 0,5,10,15838. Total number is 165.
Step4: According to the reuse principle, allocate proper ZC root sequence indexes to
cells.

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PRACH Planning--Huawei

Tool
Huawei U-Net

Planning Method
Based on the Method stated above

PRACH Reuse strategy based on:


Actual distance
Relative distance
Coverage Prediction
Antenna azimuth
Antenna height

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Appendix: Root sequence index group (1)
CM group Sub group number Max Ncs Logical root sequence number
0 - 023
1 15 2429
2 18 3035
3 22 3641
4 26 4251
5 32 5263
6 38 6475
7 46 7689
LOW CM
8 55 90115
9 68 116135
10 82 136167
11 100 168203
12 128 204263
13 158 264327
14 202 328383
15 237 384455
16 237 456513
17 202 514561
18 158 562629
19 128 630659
20 100 660707
21 82 708729
22 68 730751
23 55 752765
HIGH CM
24 46 766777
25 38 778789
26 32 790795
27 26 796803
28 22 804809
29 18 810815
30 15 816819
31 - 820837

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Appendix: Root sequence index group (2)

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Appendix: PRACH configuration(3)

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Thank you
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