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BUILDING MATERIALS

1. PARTICLE BOARD
2. BLOCK BOARD

SUBMITTED TO: SUBMITTED BY:


DR. ANIKET SHARMA ARNAV DASAUR
ROLL NO. : 15631
CONTENTS:
1. PARTICLE BOARD:
- PROPERTIES
- MANUFACTURE
- MANUFACTURERS/SUPPLIERS
- PRODUCT RANGE AND SPECIFICATIONS
- TYPES
- ADVANTAGES
- DISADVANTAGES
- APPLICATIONS
- PRICES

2. BLOCK BOARD:
- PROPERTIES
- MANUFACTURE
- MANUFACTURERS/SUPPLIERS
- PRODUCT RANGE AND SPECIFICATIONS
- TYPES
- ADVANTAGES
- DISADVANTAGES
- APPLICATIONS
- PRICES
PARTICLE BOARD:

o Also known as chipboard.


o An engineered wood product manufactured from wood
chips, sawmill shavings, or even sawdust, and a synthetic resin or
other suitable binder, which is pressed and extruded. Oriented
strand board, also known as flakeboard, waferboard, or
chipboard, is similar but uses machined wood flakes offering more
strength.
o It is a composite material and belongs to the spectrum of
fibreboard products.
o Pressed wood made of shavings, veneer scraps, chips, &
other small pieces of wood and is called particleboard, wafer
board, composite board
o Used on parts of wood that do not show and can be covered
with laminate/plastic covering for durability
PROPERTIES:

o Particle board is cheaper, denser and more uniform than conventional wood and
plywood and is substituted for them when cost is more important than strength and
appearance.
o However, particleboard can be made more attractive by painting or the use of wood
veneers that are glued onto surfaces that will be visible.
o Though it is denser than conventional wood, it is the lightest and weakest type of
fibreboard, except for insulation board. Medium-density fibreboard and hardboard,
also called high-density fibreboard, are stronger and denser than particleboard.
o Different grades of particleboard have different densities, with higher density
connoting greater strength and greater resistance to failure of screw fasteners.
o A major disadvantage of particleboard is that it is very prone to expansion and
discoloration due to moisture, particularly when it is not covered with paint or
another sealer. Therefore, it is rarely used outdoors or in places where there are
high levels of moisture, with the exception of some bathrooms, kitchens and
laundries, where it is commonly used as an underlayment - in its moisture resistant
variant - beneath a continuous sheet of vinyl flooring.

o The advantages of using particleboard over veneer core plywood is it is more


stable, (unless it gets wet), much cheaper to buy, and somewhat more convenient
to use.
MANUFACTURE:

o Waste wood are crushed.


o Then is mixed in chemical called resin.
o Then mixture is heated in by placing it in
mould.
o It is heated at 750 - 800 C.
MANUFACTURERS / SUPPLIERS:

- Action Tesa, New Delhi

- Anika Trading Co., New Delhi

- Vikas Trading Company, New Delhi

- Agarwal Plywood Traders, New Delhi

- Nelobar Plywood, New Delhi

- Federation Of Indian Plywood & Panel Industry, New


Delhi
etc.

~ Source:
https://dir.indiamart.com/impcat/pre-laminated-particle-board.html
PRODUCT RANGE & SPECIFICATIONS:
PRELAMINATED PARTICLE BOARD RANGE (INTERIOR GRADE) OSL, BSL, BSB & OSR :

PRELAMINATED MDF PRODUCT RANGE (EXTERIOR GRADE) OSL, BSL, BSB & OSR:
TYPES:
2. Pre-laminated Particle board
1. Plain particle board
Range Of Pre-laminated Particle Board:

~Source: self (market survey)


~Source: self (market survey)
~Source: self (market survey)
ADVANTAGES:

o Cheaper than solid timber.

o It is available in large flat sheets.

o Solid timber is prone to warping and Splitting with changes in humidity, Whereas
particleboard is not.

o Use of timber veneers on particleboard has decreased the demand for native hardwood
timbers in furniture construction.
DISADVANTAGES:

o It is rarely used outdoor or places that have high level of moisture with the
exception of some bathrooms, kitchens and laundries, where it is commonly used
as an underlayment beneath a continuous sheet of vinyl flooring.

o Cutting are not possible on particle board.

o Design cannot be made on particle board.


APPLICATIONS:
BLOCK BOARD:

By definition, blockboard is an engineered wooden board that consists of a core of softwood


blocks (strips) lined edge to edge and sandwiched between layers of hardwood veneer on
either side. In this article we will take a look at the important properties of blockboards.

Blockboard is made of plained wooden strips jointed together and laminated by a core veneer
in counter grain. It has for main advantage a light weight, a very good stability and good
mechanical properties. Today blockboard is mainly coming from European forest which are all
sustainably managed. Gluing is always interior.

The boards are easy to work with (gluing, screw holding) and are particularly indicated for high
end applications (doors, shelves, etc).
PROPERTIES:

o These boards have good dimensional stability (even when exposed to humidity), and
exhibit high resistance to warping or twisting.

o Also have a better ability to hold nails and screws, compared to other engineered
boards such as particle boards or MDF (medium density fibre boards).

o Another important characteristic of blockboard is that it is light in weight, because the


core blocks that form the bulk of the board are of softwood that has much lesser
density and weight compared to hardwood. Because of having low weight it is easier
to transport.
o Can be finished using paints, varnishes or can be laminated. With proper finishing such as by
glueing laminates on its surfaces, blockboards can be made to appear exactly like their
costlier counterparts viz. plywood.

o Another feature of blockboards is that they can are also easy to work with for carpenters
using their regular wood working tools. In contrast, carpenters find it very difficult to work
with other engineered boards such as MDF or Particle boards as these types do not hold
nails and only screws have to be used.

o These boards are made in MR-Moisture resistant grade, as well as BWP-Boiling water proof
grade, for interior and exterior use respectively. The BWP variety uses superior glue (phenol
formaldehyde), and is stronger with better resistance to water or humidity.
MANUFACTURE:
Infrastructure for production

A Unit may need following machineries in manufacturing the Block Boards:


a) Boiler
b) Resin kettle
c) Peeling machine
d) Hand chopping
e) Paddle chopping
f) Glue Mixer
g) Glue Spreader
h) Aluminium Plate
i) D.D Saw
j) Sanding Machine
k) Generator
l) Seasoning Chamber
m) Preservative treatment tank
n) Assembly table
o) Dryer
p) Band Saw
q) Generator
r) Rip Saw
s) Wood Plainer
t) Cutter
u) Hot Press
f) Aluminum Plate Stand with Fan
Doc
MANUFACTURERS / SUPPLIERS:

- CENTURYPLY

- Plywood Home Pvt. Ltd., Kolkata

- Indiana Group (Vijayshree Enterprises), Indore


PRODUCT RANGE & SPECIFICATIONS: Blockboards are available in various sizes and
thicknesses. The table below gives you an
overview of what we have in stock. Other sizes
can be obtained on order from our suppliers,
however with a certain lead time (take 3 to 4
weeks).

~source: http://www.centuryply.com/brand/listing/blockboards/centuryblockboards
http://www.finaspan.be/en/blockboard-126.htm
TYPES:

1. Sanik block board


2. Century club prime block board
3. Centuryply 710+ block board
4. Maxima block board
5. Century blockboards
ADVANTAGES:

o Lighter in weight:

The blockboard core is made from solid blocks of wood that is usually obtained from softwood trees
such as pine, mango or cedar. In comparison good quality plywood is often made from veneers
obtained from hardwood trees (e.g. Gurjan wood which is very popular in India), and the high quality
solid wood that is used in furniture is generally obtained from hardwood trees such as teak wood.
Because hardwood is denser than softwood, its weight is also more. So if you take a piece of plywood
or solid wood and compare its weight with a blockboard piece of the same size, you will find that
blockboard is lighter in weight.
The advantage of being light-weight is that it can be more easily transported to the end-location. The
most common application of this is in the case of doors that we use inside our homes. Doors are very
often made from blockboard.
o Lesser tendency to sag or bend:

In cases where very long pieces of wood are required in furniture making, such as in long book
shelves, panels, benches and tables, blockboard is often preferred over plywood. This is because long
plywood pieces tend to bend in the middle, whereas blockboard is stiffer and less prone to bending.
When the board length exceeds 6 or 7 feet, blockboard is generally used instead of plywood.

o Costs Less:

Another important advantage of blockboard is that it is cheaper than good quality solid wood as well
as hardwood plywood. This is because softwood costs lesser than hardwood.
o Better than Particle Board and even MDF:

Compared to other engineered wood products that are popular these days, such as Particle
boards(which is made from small particles of wood flakes/chips) and even MDF (which is made from
wood fibers), blockboard is considered to be better. It is comparatively stronger and lasts longer. Also
from the carpenters' point of view, the added advantage of blockboards is that it is easier to work with,
since it can take nails as well as screws. In comparison, particle board and MDF do not have much nail
holding strength and hence only screws are used on them. In fact most of the carpenters in India who
make custom-built furniture work only with plywood and blockboards, and not MDF or Particle boards.
DISADVANTAGES:

o Not as strong as plywood or good quality solid wood:

The major disadvantage of blockboards is that since softwood is used in its making, it is not as strong
as quality solid wood (such as teak wood) or hardwood plywood. So when it comes to furniture
making, plywood is the preferred choice of material (except for cases where lengthy wood pieces
have to be used). However, if instead of softwood blocks, hardwood is used to form the blockboard
core (some manufacturers do this), then the strength of the blockboard increases.
o Minor disadvantage for carpenters:

In some cases, the blocks (also called strips or battens) that form the core, may have small gaps
between them. These gaps cannot be seen from outside since there is layer of veneer on top.
Because of this, sometimes the nails that are driven through the board surface may not go into the
wood but rather in the gaps between the blocks, which can adversely affect the holding strength of
that nail. But this is only a minor drawback, that occurs only sometimes.
APPLICATIONS:

Carpenters usually prefer using blockboards over other options, when lengthy pieces or
wooden boards are required while making furniture. This is because unlike plywood which has
a tendency to sag in the middle, blockboard is stiffer and is less prone to bending. Another
advantage of blockboards is that they are also cheaper compared to good quality solid woods .

o The top 5 uses of blockboards are listed below.

o For making long book shelves

o For making tables and benches

o Blockboard Doors and Solid core flush doors

o Single and double beds, and Settees (Diwan) for sitting.

o Lengthy wall panels.