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TOPIC: GENDER DIFFERENCES IN LEADERSHIP
TOPIC: GENDER DIFFERENCES IN
LEADERSHIP
TOPIC: GENDER DIFFERENCES IN LEADERSHIP Prepared by:  Hafizul Amer Aizat bin Mustapa (2016776035)  Nur
Prepared by:  Hafizul Amer Aizat bin Mustapa (2016776035)  Nur Imanina Bt Zulkafli (2015126691) 
Prepared by:
Hafizul Amer Aizat bin Mustapa (2016776035)
Nur Imanina Bt Zulkafli (2015126691)
Sharifah Sakinah bt Syed Soffian (2015428946)
CENTRAL IDEA - Gender leadership differences in communication styles , influence tactics and different expertise
CENTRAL IDEA
- Gender leadership differences in
communication styles , influence tactics
and different expertise
Article 1 : The Influence of Gender on Communication Style. Debbie Churgai (Churgai, 2015)
Article 1 : The Influence of Gender on
Communication Style.
Debbie Churgai (Churgai, 2015)
Main idea: Men and women are different in their ability to communicate
Main idea: Men and women are different in their
ability to communicate
1. The amount of emotion between male and female that is used in conversation
1. The amount of emotion between male and
female that is used in conversation
A) Emotional expression and communication style are learned since childhood. B) Develop socio-cognitive understanding C) Female
A) Emotional expression and communication style are learned
since childhood.
B) Develop socio-cognitive understanding
C) Female use more affiliative language, male use more
assertive
language
2. Value of comforting versus ego support
2. Value of comforting versus ego support
A) The definition of comforting support and ego support B)Communication that express feelings and emotion C)Communication
A) The definition of comforting support and ego support
B)Communication that express feelings and emotion
C)Communication such as persuasion and narrative
techniques.
3. Stereotypes thinking which lead to comparison of different traits and attribute between men and women
3. Stereotypes thinking which lead to comparison of
different traits and attribute between men and women
 A) The traits that male possess are perceived as more important  B)Research that focus
A) The traits that male possess are perceived as more important
B)Research that focus on sex-role streotypes can influence
perception based on gender alone
C)Certain behavior from a male could be perceived as positive
while from a female could be view as negative
ANALYSIS ARTICLE 1
ANALYSIS ARTICLE 1
Purpose - To inform differences in communication styles that can help lessen misunderstandings. Tone - Objective
Purpose - To inform differences in communication styles
that can help lessen misunderstandings.
Tone - Objective
Intended readers - General Public
CONT.
CONT.
1. Writer compare that women can comfort emotional distress better that men 2. Writer compare that
1.
Writer compare that women can comfort emotional distress better
that men
2.
Writer compare that women and men use communication
differently
3.
Understanding communication style between men and women
can lessen misunderstanding between gender
CONT.
CONT.
4. The language used is denotative language and free of technical jargon 5. The article is
4.
The language used is denotative language and free of technical
jargon
5.
The article is creditable because the writer uses many current
citation.
Article 2 : Women in Power : Leadership Differences by Gender Hilary Brooks (Brooks, 2011)
Article 2 : Women in Power : Leadership
Differences by Gender
Hilary Brooks (Brooks, 2011)
Main idea: There are differences between a man and woman’s influence tactics.
Main idea: There are differences between a man
and woman’s influence tactics.

1. Woman's leadership style is more like mentoring and coaching, while a man's style is centered

around command and control.

A) Woman are more likely to be transformational leaders. B) Effective when customer service becomes one
A) Woman are more likely to be transformational leaders.
B) Effective when customer service becomes one ofthe most
profitable type of business.
C) Not be very benificial in traditional male settings.
2. The difference between men and women leadership styles is small but significant.
2. The difference between men and women
leadership styles is small but significant.
  • A) Woman exceeded men on three transformational scales.

  • B) Female managers more than male managers, manifest attributes that motivate their followers to feel respect and pride.

  • C) Woman exceeded men on the transactional scale of contingent reward.

3. Man exceeded women in transactional scales of active management by expectations and passive management.

A) Male managers more than female managers paid attention to their follower's problems not mistakes. B)
A) Male managers more than female managers paid attention
to their follower's problems not mistakes.
B) Waited before problems become severe before attempting
to solve them.
C) Absent and uninvolved at critical times.
ANALYSIS ARTICLE 2
ANALYSIS ARTICLE 2
Purpose - To inform the readers the differences of leadership style by gender. Tone - Inspirational
Purpose - To inform the readers the differences of
leadership style by gender.
Tone - Inspirational
Intended readers - General Public
CONT.
CONT.
1. Writer answer the question whether there is a difference between men and woman's leadership style.
1.
Writer answer the question whether there is a difference between
men and woman's leadership style.
2.
Writer compare the differences between men and women's
leadership style.
3.
The language used is denotative language and free of technical
jargon.
Article 3 : Do Men and Women Lead Differently? Who’s better? Ronald E Riggio (Riggio, 2010)
Article 3 : Do Men and Women Lead
Differently? Who’s better?
Ronald E Riggio (Riggio, 2010)
Main idea: There are differences between each gender psychological behavior.
Main idea: There are differences between each
gender psychological behavior.

1. Different point of view of followers about men and women leaders

A) Female leaders are more concern and alert then men but also have emotional issue. B)
A) Female leaders are more concern and alert then men but
also have emotional issue.
B) Male leaders usually are objective and determine in
completing their task.
C) Different people percept leaders by their belief and image

2. Leadership styles and possibility between men and women base on research

A) Indication of a great leader by using the theory of transformational leadership. B) Studies shows
A) Indication of a great leader by using the theory of
transformational leadership.
B) Studies shows that a group of women have more
transformational traits than men.
C) Thus, women are more likely to be a better leader than men.

3. The specific actions and behavior contribute to leadership position requirement.

A) Studies show that top women leaders have the same leadership behaviors as men. B) it
A) Studies show that top women leaders have the same
leadership behaviors as men.
B) it may be that women leaders behave the same as men
leaders succeed in being high-class leader.
C) From the above observation on leaders, there are no big
gap between men and women leadership
ANALYSIS ARTICLE 3
ANALYSIS ARTICLE 3
Purpose – To inform the audience that women also can lead like men Tone – Neutral,
Purpose – To inform the audience that women also can
lead like men
Tone – Neutral, Matter-of-fact
Intended readers - General Public, Organization leaders
CONT.
CONT.
1. Writer believed that women can lead like men 2. Writer should include more insightful ideas
1.
Writer believed that women can lead like men
2.
Writer should include more insightful ideas rather than
relying on research information
3.
Writer do not give an answer which gender is a better
leader.
CONT.
CONT.
4. Writer are afraid to answer his question because he let the reader answer which gender
4.
Writer are afraid to answer his question because he let the reader
answer which gender is the better leader.
5.
Writer use book references only from women writers
OVERALL CONCLUSION
OVERALL CONCLUSION
Men and women are actually alike because nowadays these traits can inhibit by both gender
Men and women are actually alike because
nowadays these traits can inhibit by both gender
REFERENCES
REFERENCES
 Brooks H. (2011, August 12). Women in Power: Leadership Differences By Gender. Retrieve from http://www.womenonbusiness.com/women-in-power-leadership-
Brooks H. (2011, August 12). Women in Power: Leadership Differences By Gender.
Retrieve from http://www.womenonbusiness.com/women-in-power-leadership-
differences-by-gender/
Churgai D. (2015, January 8). The Influence of Gender on Communication Style.
Retrieve from https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/influence-gender-communication-style-
debbie-churgai
Riggio R. E. (2010, March 23). Do men and women lead differently? Who’s better?.
Retrieve from https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/cutting-edge-
leadership/201003/do-men-and-women-lead-differently-whos-better