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Find the Centroid of the BENT WIRE shown

in the Figure.

r = 4 cm
C 6 cm D
E

8 cm
F

B 5 cm A
For Element AB
Y
r = 4 cm
C 6 cm D
E

8 cm
F L = 5 cm

X
B 5 cm A

X = 2.5 cm

Y = 0 cm
For Element BC
Y
r = 4 cm
C 6 cm D
E

8 cm
F L = 8 cm
X
B 5 cm A

X = 0 cm

Y = 4 cm
For Element CD
Y
r = 4 cm
C 6 cm D
E

8 cm
F L = 6 cm
X
B 5 cm A

X = 3 cm

Y = 8 cm
For Element DE
Y
r = 4 cm
C 6 cm D
E

8 cm
F L=πR
=12.566 cm
X
B 5 cm A

X = 6+4 = 10 cm

Y = 8+(2R/π) = 10.546 cm
For Element EF
Y
r = 4 cm
C 6 cm D
E

8 cm
L=πR/2
F
=6.283 cm
X
B 5 cm A

X = 6+4+(2R/π) = 12.546 cm

Y = 8-(2R/π) = 5.454 cm
For Element FA
Y
r = 4 cm
C 6 cm D
E

8 cm
F L = 6.403 cm
X
B 5 cm A

X = 5+2.5 = 7.5 cm

Y = 4/2 = 2 cm
L x y
AB 5 2.5 0
BC 8 0 4
CD 6 3 8
DE 12.566 10 10.546
EF 6.283 12.546 5.454
FA 6.403 7.5 2
ƩL=44.252

X = (ƩLx) / (ƩL) = 283.009/44.252 = 6.395 cm

Y = (ƩLy) / (ƩL) = 259.595/44.252 = 5.866 cm


Centroid and Moment of Inertia
under the curve y = sinx between
x=0 to x= π
Y

y = sinx

0 π X
Y Finding Centroid of the
Element

dA  ydx  sin xdx


y

0 π X
x dx


2
(sin x ) dx
Yb 
 ( y / 2)dA   sin x(sin x)dx  0

 dA 2  (sin x)dx
2 (sin x)dx
0
 
1  cos 2 x
 (sin x) dx 0 ( 2 )dx
2

 ( x  sin 2 x / 2)   
Yb    4
 
0
 
2 (sin x)dx 2 ( cos x)dx  2( cos x)  2 8
0 0

Due to symmetry, Xb= π/2


Y
Centroid of the Element
π, π/8
y
dA  ydx  sin xdx
0 π X
x dx

I oy   x dA   x sin xdx  x ( cos x)   2 x( cos x


2 2 2

I oy   x (cos x)  2( x sin x   sin xdx)


2

I oy    x (cos x)  2 x sin x  cos x 


2

I oy   2
Y
Centroid of the Element
π, π/8
y
dA  ydx  sin xdx
0 dx π X
x
I ox   y dA   sin x
2 2
sin xdx
3sin x  sin 3x
I ox   dx
4
I ox  3/ 4( cos x)  (cos3 x) /12
I ox  5 / 3
Find the Centroid and Moment of
Inertia of the area under the curve y = x
& y = x2
Y
1
y2 = x y1 = x 2
y2

y2 – y1

y1
dX
X
X 1
Y
1
y2 = x y1 = x 2
y2

y2 – y1

y1
dX
X
X 1
Step:1 Centroid of the
Element,
g = [x, (y2 – y1)/2]

Step:2 Area of the


Element,
dA = dx (y2 – y1)
Yg 
 y dA  [ y1  ( y 2  y1) / 2]( y 2  y1).dx

 dA  ( y2  y1).dx


 [( y 2  y1) / 2]( y 2  y1).dx

 ( y2  y1).dx
1
[(y22 - y12) / 2 ] . dx
(y2 – y1).dx
0
1
[(x2 - x4) / 2 ] . dx
(x – x2).dx
o

2/5
Xg 
 x dA  x( y 2  y1).dx

 dA  ( y2  y1).dx
1
x (x - x2) dx
= 0.5
0 (x – x2).dx
So, centroid of the area under the two
curves is

(XG, YG) = (0.5 , 0.4)


Moment of Inertia
1
ICGX = yg2 dA = [(y2 + y1)/2 ]2. dx. (y2 –
y 1) 0 1

=0 (¼) (y 3 + y y 2 – y y 2 –
1 2 1 2 2 1
y13)dx

0
= (¼) (x3 + x4 – x5 – x6).
dx
Moment of Inertia
1
ICGY = Xg2 dA = x2 . (y2 – y1). dx.
0 1
= x2 . (x – x2)dx
0
1
= (x3 - x4 ). dx
0
= 0. 05 units4
Calculate CG, Moment of Inertia
@ x-axis and Radius of Gyration.

30 mm 30 mm

30 mm 30 mm

x x
40 mm 40 mm
C

A
B
CG for part A
y
80 mm

A 60
mm

x x
y
A = 80 x 60 = 4800 mm2
x = 40 mm y = 30 mm
CG for part B
y

30
B mm
x x
40 mm 40 mm
y
A = 0.5 x 30 x 40 = 600 mm2
x = 40+80/3 = 66.67 mm
y = 30/3 = 10 mm
CG for part C
y 30 mm
30 C
mm

30
mm
x
y
A = π x 302 / 4 = 706.85 mm2
x = 4R/3π = 12.73 mm
y = 60 - 4R/3π = 47.27 mm
CG of the whole body
Area (mm2) x (mm) y (mm)
A 4800 40 30
B (-) (-) 600 66.67 10
C (-) (-) 706.85 12.73 47.27
ƩA = 3493.15

X = Ʃ(Ax)/ƩA = 142999.79/3493.15 = 40.93 mm

Y = Ʃ(Ay)/ƩA = 102587.20/3493.15 = 29.37 mm


Moment of Inertia @ x-axis for part A
y
80 mm

A 60
mm

x x
y
Ixx= bh3/3 = 5.76x106 mm4
Moment of Inertia @ x-axis for part B
y

30
B mm
x x
40 mm 40 mm
y

Ixx = bh3/12 = 0.09 x 106 mm4


Moment of Inertia for part C
y 30 mm

c 30 C g
mm
47.27
30 mm
mm
x x
y
Icg = (π/16 - 4/9π) R4 = 0.044451x106 mm4

Ixx = Icg + Ah2 = 1.62 x 106 mm4


MI @ x-axis for the whole body

Ixx = 5.76x106 - 0.09 x 106 - 1.62 x 106


= 4.05 x 106 mm4

Radius of Gyration = (Ixx/A)0.5 = 34.05 mm

Also Find Moment of Inertia @ y-y axis and the


axis passing through the CG of the body.