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Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology
Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology

1.1 The Study Of Biology

ITeach Biology Form 4

Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology 1.1 The Study Of Biology ITeach – Biology Form 4

Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology

Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology The Study Of Biology Introduction To Biology Biology Comes from Greek
The Study Of Biology Introduction To Biology Biology Comes from Greek words Bios Logos means means
The Study Of Biology
Introduction To Biology
Biology
Comes from Greek words
Bios
Logos
means
means
Life
Study
Study of structure and function of living things
Study of interactions between living things and environment
Study of biosphere and microscopic of cells and molecules

Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology

Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology The Study Of Biology The Importance Of Biology • To understand

The Study Of Biology

The Importance Of Biology • To understand interaction between living things and environment • Better understanding
The Importance Of
Biology
To
understand
interaction
between
living
things
and
environment
Better understanding on human body functions
• Appreciate and be thankful for diverse variety of living things

Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology

Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology The Study Of Biology Biological Research The developments Identifying genes that

The Study Of Biology

Biological Research The developments
Biological Research
The developments

Identifying genes

that cause disease

Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology The Study Of Biology Biological Research The developments Identifying genes that

of biotechnology

and food

technology

Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology The Study Of Biology Biological Research The developments Identifying genes that

Improving quality of lives

- Genetic

engineering

Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology The Study Of Biology Biological Research The developments Identifying genes that

Better

management of

problems related to the environment

Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology The Study Of Biology Biological Research The developments Identifying genes that
The Study Of Biology Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology Fields Of Study In Biology Biotechnology Microbiology

The Study Of Biology

Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology

Fields Of Study In Biology

Biotechnology
Biotechnology
Microbiology
Microbiology
Taxonomy
Taxonomy
Biochemistry Botany Biology Anatomy Zoology Ecology
Biochemistry
Botany
Biology
Anatomy
Zoology
Ecology
The Study Of Biology Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology Careers Related To Biology Careers Environmental Biotechnology

The Study Of Biology

Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology

Careers Related To Biology
Careers Related To Biology
Careers
Careers
Environmental Biotechnology Healthcare Engineering Agriculture and Forestry Biotechnologist Radiographer Estate manager Environmental Food Engineers Occupational Botanist
Environmental
Biotechnology
Healthcare
Engineering
Agriculture
and Forestry
Biotechnologist
Radiographer
Estate manager
Environmental
Food
Engineers
Occupational
Botanist
technologist
therapist
Fisheries
Nurses
Officer
Pharmacist
Biomedical
Scientist
Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology
Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology

1.2 Applying Scientific Investigation

ITeach Biology Form 4

Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology 1.2 Applying Scientific Investigation ITeach – Biology Form 4
Applying Scientific Investigation Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology The Scientific Investigation Scientific Skills Science Process Skills

Applying Scientific Investigation

Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology

The Scientific Investigation
The Scientific Investigation
Scientific Skills
Scientific Skills
Science Process Skills
Science Process Skills
Involve Critical, analytical, creative thinking and systematic manner.
Involve
Critical,
analytical,
creative
thinking and systematic manner.
Manipulative Skills
Manipulative Skills
Applying Scientific Investigation Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology The Scientific Investigation Scientific Skills Science Process Skills

Involve

Psychomotor skills
Psychomotor skills

Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology

Applying Scientific Investigation

The Scientific Method • Process of collecting facts based on an observable event or phenomenon •
The Scientific Method
Process of collecting facts based on an observable event or
phenomenon
• A scientific method incorporates the following steps:
Identifying a problem Forming a hypothesis Planning the experiment Identifying and controlling variables Conducting the experiment
Identifying a problem
Forming a hypothesis
Planning the experiment
Identifying and controlling variables
Conducting the experiment
Steps
Involved In
Scientific
Investigation
Collecting data
Analysing data
Interpreting data
Drawing conclusions
Writing a report
Applying Scientific Investigation Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology The Scientific Method Identifying A Problem Start with

Applying Scientific Investigation

Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology

The Scientific Method

Identifying A Problem Start with an observation Stating a problem Making an interference (possible interpretation)
Identifying A Problem
Start with an observation
Stating a problem
Making an interference
(possible interpretation)
Applying Scientific Investigation Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology The Scientific Method Forming A Hypothesis • Proposed

Applying Scientific Investigation

Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology

The Scientific Method

Forming A Hypothesis • Proposed explanation for an observable phenomenon but the validity is not yet
Forming A Hypothesis
Proposed explanation for an observable phenomenon but the
validity is not yet proven.
Allow
scientist
to
make
certain
prediction
regarding
to
a
phenomenon.
Applying Scientific Investigation Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology The Scientific Method Planning An Investigation • Gather

Applying Scientific Investigation

Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology

The Scientific Method

Planning An Investigation • Gather relevant information about your experiment • Find out apparatus and materials
Planning An Investigation
Gather relevant information about your experiment
Find out apparatus and materials to be used
• Set up procedures to be followed
Applying Scientific Investigation Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology The Scientific Method Identifying and Controlling Variables 

Applying Scientific Investigation

Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology

The Scientific Method

Identifying and Controlling Variables
Identifying and Controlling Variables
 Manipulated Variable • Independent variable • Variables that we change to study the effect 3
Manipulated Variable
• Independent variable
• Variables that we change to study the effect
3 Types
Of
Usually plotted on the x-axis of a graph
Variables
Responding Variable
Dependent variable
An outcome of the experiment
• Usually plotted on the y-axis graph
Fixed Variable
• Factors that remain the same throughout experiment
Applying Scientific Investigation Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology The Scientific Method Conducting The Experiment • Experiment

Applying Scientific Investigation

Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology

The Scientific Method

Conducting The Experiment • Experiment is done according to procedures planned. • Repeat experiment a few
Conducting The Experiment
• Experiment is done according to procedures planned.
Repeat experiment a few times to get precise and reliable average
reading.
Apparatus / materials and specimen are handled correctly Variables are well-controlled Steps To Be Observed During
Apparatus / materials and specimen are
handled correctly
Variables are well-controlled
Steps To Be
Observed During
Experiment
A control experiment is also set-up
Apparatus must be cleaned using correct
method after experiment is done
Applying Scientific Investigation The Scientific Method Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology Collecting Data Or Experimental Results

Applying Scientific Investigation

The Scientific Method

Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology

Collecting Data Or Experimental Results • Data : Results of an experiment, obtained by observation and
Collecting Data Or Experimental Results
Data : Results of an experiment, obtained by observation and
experiment
• The data collected should be accurate, logical and objective
Applying Scientific Investigation Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology The Scientific Method Recording Data Blood type No.

Applying Scientific Investigation

Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology

The Scientific Method

Recording Data Blood type No. of student • Data is collected and recorded A 6 accurately.
Recording Data
Blood type
No. of student
Data
is
collected
and
recorded
A
6
accurately.
B
15
AB
8
O
6
Data can be presented in form of table,
graph and simple diagram.
Table
The rate of enzyme activity
If you use graph, at least five readings
need to be collected.
Temperature
(ºC)

Graph

Applying Scientific Investigation Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology The Scientific Method Recording Data Blood type No.
Applying Scientific Investigation Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology The Scientific Method Analysing And Interpreting Data •

Applying Scientific Investigation

Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology

The Scientific Method

Analysing And Interpreting Data • Relationship between manipulated and responding • Think critically to explain relationship
Analysing And Interpreting Data
Relationship
between
manipulated
and
responding
• Think critically to explain relationship
between information gathered.
variable is analysed.
Applying Scientific Investigation Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology The Scientific Method Making Conclusion Hypothesis is To

Applying Scientific Investigation

Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology

The Scientific Method

Making Conclusion Hypothesis is To determine accepted if whether results results support support hypothesis. hypothesis.
Making
Conclusion
Hypothesis
is
To
determine
accepted
if
whether
results
results
support
support
hypothesis.
hypothesis.
Applying Scientific Investigation Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology The Scientific Method Writing A Report 1. Objective

Applying Scientific Investigation

Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology

The Scientific Method

Writing A Report 1. Objective 2. Problem statement 3. Hypothesis 4. Variables 5. Materials and apparatus
Writing A Report
1.
Objective
2.
Problem statement
3.
Hypothesis
4.
Variables
5.
Materials and apparatus
6.
Technique
7.
Procedure
8.
Results
9.
Discussion
10. Conclusion
Objektif : ______________ ______________ Penyataan Masalah : ______________ Pemboleh : ______________ ubah ______________ Bahan ________________ dan
Objektif : ______________
______________
Penyataan
Masalah
: ______________
Pemboleh : ______________
ubah ______________
Bahan
________________
dan radas : ______________
Teknik:
1.
_______________
_____________
Kaedah :
1.
______________
2.
_______________
Keputusan :
Perbincangan : _____________
Kesimpulan : _____________
Applying Scientific Investigation Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology Scientific Attitudes And Noble Values  Have interest

Applying Scientific Investigation

Chapter 1 Introduction To Biology

Scientific Attitudes And Noble Values  Have interest in nature and environment  Being objective, systematic
Scientific Attitudes And Noble Values
Have interest in nature and environment
Being objective, systematic and rational
Being honest and accurate
Having critical and analytical thinking skills
Being responsible and accountable

The End

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