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Preservation

and
Conservation
of the
Environment
By Chen Jun Long
 Preservation refers to measure taken to
keep living things and the environment in
their original and balanced state.
Conservation refer to the careful
and systematic use of natural
resources without causing depletion,
harm and death to living organisms
in the environment

By Chen Jun Long


Importance of preservation and conservation of
the environment :
a) Ensure a continuous supply of natural resources
b) Reduce environmental pollution
c) Maintain balance in nature
d) Prevent loss in habitat
e) Prevent loss in habitat
f) Keep the environment clean and conducive for
healthy living

By Chen Jun Long


Ways to control environmental pollution
Source of pollution Main pollutant Way to control pollution
Combustion of Acidic gas such as • To use an air cleaning system to dissolve poisonous gas in water before
fossil fuel Sulphur dioxide and releasing it into the air
nitrogen dioxide • To build a tall chimney to release poisonous gas to a higher level of the
atmosphere

Soot and dust(haze • To equip chimneys with electrostatic precipitators to remove pollutants in smoke
and smoke) before releasing it into the air
• Fixing a filter at the chimney

Carbon dioxide • To plant more green plants to remove carbon dioxide in the air
Carbon monoxide • To install Catalyst converters on the exhaust pipes of vehicles to convert carbon
monoxide gas to carbon dioxide

Disposal of By-product, toxic and • To reinforce laws and regulations to control the disposal of industrial waste
industrial waste radioactive materials
materials substances
Heat • To cool hot water in cooling pounds before releasing it

By Chen Jun Long


Agriculture Chemical fertilisers • To guide farmers on the correct usage and quantity of chemical fertilisers and
and pesticides pesticides
• To encourage the practice of biological control instead of the usage of pesticides
Domestic wastes Plastics and solids • To recycle materials that are reusable
and sewage • To prohibit open burning of garbage except in an enclosed incinerator
• Heat released from the burning of garbage can be used to generate electrical
energy
• To impose fines on those who litter
Food residue • To place them in plastic bags ,tie and throw them in a covered garbage bin
Sewage • To channel sewage to oxidation ponds, so that bacteria can react to decompose
the sewage to simple materials that are not smelly
Vehicles and Noise • To ban loud noises in certain areas such as hospitals and residential areas
machinery
Poisonous gas and • Constant checks by authorities on factories that emit poisonous gas and smoke
smoke • To encourage the usage of unleaded petrol
The usage of Chlorofluorocarbons • To reduce the usage of chlorofluorocarbons(CFCs)
chlorofluorocarbo (CFCs) • To replace chlorofluorocarbons(CFCs) with hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs)
ns(CFCs) that do not harm the ozone layer

By Chen Jun Long