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Philippine National AIDS Council


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Increasing >25%
Bangladesh
Indonesia
Philippines
Sri Lanka
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyzstan
Georgia
Republic of Moldova
Guinea-Bissau
Source: UNAIDS Estimates
From 1 new HIV case every day in 2007…
...to 1 new HIV cases every hour in 2015
2015: 1 Filipino reported
to be infected
with HIV every hour

2014: 17 Filipinos reported to


be infected with HIV daily

2012: 9 Filipinos reported to be infected


with HIV each day
2009: 2 Filipinos reported to be infected with HIV each
day

2007: 1 Filipino reported to be infected with HIV each


day
The PHILIPPINES Current HIV Situation

31,911 reported HIV/AIDS cases (1984


– 2016 )

February 2016 – 751 cases


Total Cases Jan—June 2015 – 3,929
Total Cases Jan-December 2014 – 6,011
Total Cases Jan-December 2013 – 4,814
Total Cases 2012 – 3,338
Total Cases 2011– 2,349

•ALL 17 Regions are reporting HIV


cases

National Epidemiology Center - DOH


HIV/AIDS cases by municipality/city (n=45)
Municipality Jan-feb.-2016 1984-present
AIDS HIV AIDS HIV
Asymptomatic Asymptomatic
Bayugan 0 1 0 12
San Francisco 0 1 1 10
Prosperidad 0 1 1 5
Sta. Josefa 0 0 0 3
Trento 0 0 0 2
Bunawan 0 0 0 2
Rosario 0 0 0 1
Esperanza 0 0 0 1
San Luis 0 0 0 1
Veruela 0 0 0 1
Lapaz 0 0 0 1
Loreto 0 0 0 1
Unknown 0 0 1 2
Total 0 3 3 42
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Distribution of Cases from
2010-feb. 2016
Year No. of Cases

2010 0

2011 3

2012 10

2013 4

2014 9

2015 16

2016 3

TOTAL 45
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HIV /AIDS cases by sex (n=45)
Sex Jan- 1984-present
feb.2016

Female 0 1

Male 3 44

Total 3 45

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HIV/AIDS cases by age group (n=45)
Age Group 1984-Feb.2016

<15 0

15-24 13

25-34 25

35-49 6

50 & older 1

Total 45

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HIV/AIDS cases by mode of transmission (n=45)
Mode of Jan-feb 2016 1984-present
Transmission

Bisexual 0 14

Heterosexual 0 11

Homosexual 3 20

Total 3 45

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HIV/AIDS cases among OFWs (n=2)

OFW Jan-Nov 1984-


2015 present

OFW 1 2

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Profile of our PLHIV in CARAGA

• 93% are Males


• Age range 15-67 yrs old
• 73% identified themselves as
Homosexuals and Bisexuals
• 100% sexual mode of transmission
•12% are OFW’s
Who Have the Most at Risk Behaviors?

Most-at-Risk Definitions and the


Population (MARP) Risky Behaviors that they do

Sex workers Males or females who accept cash or things


in exchange for sex. They may be based in
establishments, streets, or contacted via
internet or cellphones. Having multi sex
partners; Not using condoms
Males who have sex with Males who have anal sex with other males
other males
Injecting drug Users Males or females who inject drugs or
substances through IV sharing used needles
with others
Clients of sex workers Males or females who pay to have sex with
sex workers – Multi sexual partners and not
using condoms during penetrative sex
This virus can only infect
human beings

The effect of the virus is to


create a deficiency (a failure
to work properly) within the
body’s immune system

This organism is a retro virus,


which means it can reproduce
itself by taking over the
machinery of the human cell

Source: UNAIDS. Training manual on HIV & AIDS for Catholic Church pastoral workers. Makati: UNAIDS. 2007.
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Philippine National AIDS Council
Immune System- is a collection of cells
and substances that defend the body
against foreign substances.

impeksiyon

Bakterya
(Immune System)
The Immune System

Sakit
Sakit

impeksiyon

Sakit karamdam
an

Proteksyon
(Immune System)
HIV is a virus that infects the immune system and
our body loses the ability to fight infection.

HIV

HIV

CD4 T
HIV cell
Infectious agent:
HIV
Susceptible Reservoir:
host: Humans
Humans

Portal of ENTRY: Modes of transmission:


Lining of the vagina, Sex Portal of EXIT:
rectum, and opening of the Injection Drug Use Blood
urethra in males; Mother to Child Semen
Wounds or breaks in the Other transfer of body Vaginal Fluid
skin fluid Breast milk

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Philippine National AIDS Council
Source of illustration: DOH, Remedios AIDS
Foundation, UNICEF
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Philippine National AIDS Council
► Blood transfusion from
an HIV-infected donor
Source: DOH, Remedios AIDS
Foundation, UNICEF & sharing of infected
syringes and needles

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Philippine National AIDS Council
From an
HIV-
infected
mother to
her child
►natural ► breast-
► During delivery feeding
pregnancy Source of illustrations: DOH, Remedios AIDS
Foundation, UNICEF
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Philippine National AIDS Council
4 Four Body Fluids Known To Transmit HIV

BLOOD

SEMEN

VAGINAL/CERVI
CAL FLUIDS
Breast
milk
ACQUIRED The infection may be transmitted from
one person to another

IMMUNE The immune system is compromised

The body can no longer fight off


DEFICIENCY infections; individual may suffer from
two or more opportunistic infections

SYNDROME A person experiences a collection of


symptoms which could be fatal

Source:
UNAIDS. Training manual on HIV & AIDS for Catholic Church pastoral workers.
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Philippine National AIDS Council
Status of
Immune
System INTRODUCTION OF
TREATMENT (OI/ARV)

HIV
AIDS DEATH
Condition

HIV
0
Infection

Asymptomatic Stage Symptomatic Stage


Window period No signs and symptoms With signs and symptoms
(3 wks – 3 mos)
Can infect others 24
What is HIV Infection

 Successful entry of HIV in the


bloodstream

 Lifelong Infection
 Asymptomatic Stage
It is an infection or malignancy that
attacks the body by taking advantage of
an immune system that has been
severely weakened by an advanced HIV
infection
Source: Avert.org

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Philippine National AIDS Council
Lung
infection
(ex. TB)

Swollen lymph
Fungal infections nodes

Kaposi’s
sarcoma,
Photos from World Vision,
shingles
COH
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Philippine National AIDS Council
 Casual contacts (sharing food and
utensils, shaking hands, hugging or kissing,
coughing, sneezing, using public phone,
visiting a hospital)
 Feces, urine, saliva, sweat, tears
 Sharing toilets
 Insect bites

 Swimming
pools
Sources of illustrations: DOH, Remedios AIDS
Foundation, UNICEF; UNODC

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Philippine National AIDS Council
How can I
protect myself
from HIV?

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Philippine National AIDS Council
BSTINENCE: Do not have sex. In the case
of adolescents, delaying sexual debut (age
of first sexual encounter) will help.
E monogamous: Have ONE sexual
partner
orrect and consistent use of ONDOM
and safer sex practices
O NOT inject drugs
ducation & arly detection

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Philippine National AIDS Council
WV-COH
Slide (S2.2) 26 31
Philippine National AIDS Council
HIV-positive women can still give
birth to HIV-negative babies if they
follow certain precautions:

► Take ARVs during pregnancy


► Deliver the baby thru caesarian
operation
► Use infant formula instead of
breast milk

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Philippine National AIDS Council
♠ Drug use and excessive alcohol intake can impair
an individual’s decision-making process, putting
him/her in a situation where infection may occur.

♠ The risk of HIV transmission can be reduced if


individuals would change their risky behaviors
and practices.

♠ Education is important. People should be provided


with correct, accurate, and reliable information on
how they can protect themselves from HIV.

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Philippine National AIDS Council
HIV Test Results…
WHO
How can GETS
Is there
WHO
HIV a cure? HIV?
Positive,can
WHO GETS HIV?
Negative,
beGETS orHIV?
Indeterminate
transmitted?

IT’S NOT
oral)IT’S WHO
with anNOT
x
Sex: Having unprotecd sex (anal, vaginal, or
There is noYOU
cureARE…
for HIV or
WHOperson.
HIV-infected YOU ARE…
Indeterminate…
If it’s NEGATIVE… AIDS If it’s POSITIVE…
Needles: Antiretroviral
Sharing needlesmedication
or injection are available to
equipment with an injection
prolong drug userthe quality of life
and improve
who isThere are no HIV
infected with HIV. forNeed to The HIV antibodies are
antibodies detected
many individuals. present
Re-Test for HIV
Mother-to-Child: A pregnant women •It does not mean the
can transmit HIV to child before person has AIDS
But IT’S
WAIT! WHAT YOU DO!
or during birth.
The person is infected, but •A positive person can
IT’S WHAT YOU DO!
the body has not produced
Blood
enough & Blood to
antibodies Products:
show up
infect others
If it’s POSITIVE… work with your doct
on the test
and discuss further testing, treatmen
How will i
know if i
am HIV
positive?

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Philippine National AIDS Council
A person’s HIV
status can only be
determined
through HIV
antibody testing
(FREE)
Source: Microsoft, Clipart

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Philippine National AIDS Council
♠ Social hygiene clinics
♠ DOH-licensed OFW clinics
♠ DOPMH, Rosario RHU, TRENTO,
BAYUGAN CITY
♠ Treatment hubs (ex. PGH, San Lazaro
Hospital, RITM, BMC, SPMC, DOPMH)

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Philippine National AIDS Council
What if I
test
positive?

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Philippine National AIDS Council
♠ Seek early medical treatment
♠ Adopt a healthy lifestyle and
positive attitude.

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Philippine National AIDS Council
 Regular blood test to determine CD4 count
and viral load

 Provision of anti-retroviral drugs


 Treatment of opportunistic infections

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Philippine National AIDS Council
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Philippine National AIDS Council
“Sarah Jane Salazar”
Marissa Reynon - 25
(1975 – June 11, 2000)
second Filipino to go public
with HIV at age 19 in 1994.
With 2 kids from .Both kids are
NEGATIVE.

Rodel Naval - 45
February 16, 1953 - June 11, 1995
Died of pneumonia (AIDS – Related)
Popularized the song and
“Lumayo kaman sa Akin” & “MULI”
Anika and Mia – Symbols of Hope
DAGHANG
SALAMAT